Gun Hill Road (road)
Map of East Bronx with Gun Hill Road in red
|Owner||City of New York|
|Length||3.5 mi (5.6 km)|
|Location||Bronx, New York City|
|West end||Mosholu Parkway in Norwood|
| Bronx River Parkway in Bronx Park|
US 1 in Williamsbridge
I-95 in Baychester
|East end||Hutchinson River Parkway in Baychester|
Gun Hill Road is a major thoroughfare in the New York City borough of the Bronx. The road stretches for 3.5 miles (5.6 km) from the Mosholu Parkway in Norwood to Stillwell Avenue in Baychester, near an exit for the Hutchinson River Parkway. Van Cortlandt Park and the Mosholu Golf Course are both located at the western terminus of Gun Hill Road.
The west end of Gun Hill Road is at the Mosholu Parkway, where the road continues west as Van Cortlandt Park South toward Manhattan College. After an intersection with Jerome Avenue, Gun Hill Road passes to the south of the Mosholu Golf Course. Also, the road name officially changes from West Gun Hill Road to East Gun Hill Road. At an intersection with DeKalb Avenue in Norwood, the road passes by the North Central Bronx Hospital and the Montefiore Medical Center. Northwest of there, the road acts as the southern border of Woodlawn Cemetery. At Webster Avenue, Gun Hill Road passes the Williams Bridge station of the Metro-North Railroad. Soon after, the road crosses over the Bronx River Parkway, at exit 9. The following major intersection is White Plains Road, which Gun Hill Road intersects within Williamsbridge Square. At this intersection, the road also meets the subway station that serves the 2 and 5 trains.
As the road and enters Williamsbridge, there is an intersection with Boston Road, which carries U.S. 1. Between the DeWitt Place and Sexton Place intersections, the road passes the second subway station for Gun Hill Road, which serves the 5 train. Now entering the neighborhood of Baychester, the road intersects with Edson and Ely avenues, in which the former acts as the southbound service road for the New England Thruway. Directly after, the road intersects with exit 10 for Interstate 95. The road becomes one-way for 0.2 miles (0.3 kilometers) and intersects with Waring Avenue. The road terminates at an intersection with Stillwell Avenue and exit 4S of the Hutchinson River Parkway.
During the American Revolution, the road was an important artery over which the British and the colonists fought. In January 1777, the colonists brought a cannon to the top of a hill and fired at the British. The hill, now inside Woodlawn Cemetery, was locally called Gun Hill afterwards. The road was known as Kingsbridge Road (part of the original Boston Post Road) until 1875, when it was renamed Gun Hill Road. It did not originally extend east of White Plains Road but was extended by segments to the Hutchinson River, by 1938.
In 1941, the New York City Planning Department proposed the Gun Hill Crosstown Highway as an upgrade, but nothing happened with this plan. In the mid-1960s, the Tri-State Transportation Commission proposed a new route just a mile north of Gun Hill Road called the City Line Expressway; this plan also did not advance.
- Gun Hill Road on the IRT White Plains Road Line at White Plains Road, serving the 2 and 5 trains
- Gun Hill Road on the IRT Dyre Avenue Line at Seymour Avenue, serving the 5 train
|Norwood||0.0||0.0||Mosholu Parkway to Henry Hudson Parkway / Saw Mill River Parkway / Van Cortland Park South||Partial interchange; continues west as Van Cortland Park South|
|Bronx Park||1.0||1.6||Bronx River Parkway – Sound View Park||Exit 9 on Bronx Parkway|
|Olinville||1.2||1.9||White Plains Road|
|Williamsbridge||1.9||3.1||US 1 (Boston Road)|
|Baychester||3.4||5.5||I-95 south – George Washington Bridge, Trenton, NJ||Exit 10 on I-95|
|3.5||5.6||Hutchinson River Parkway south / Stillwell Avenue – Whitestone Bridge, Queens||Exit 4S on Hutchinson Parkway; continues east as Stillwell Avenue|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi|
- Google (July 3, 2018). "Gun Hill Road" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved July 3, 2018.
- John McNamara (1991). History in Asphalt: The Origin of Bronx Street and Place Names. Google Books. Retrieved 2007-11-09.
- Steve Anderson (2007). "NY-164 - City Line Expressway". NYCRoads.com. Retrieved 2007-11-06.
- "Bronx Bus Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. September 2017. Retrieved April 24, 2018.
- "Subway Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. January 18, 2018. Retrieved January 18, 2018.
- "MTA Neighborhood Maps: Williamsbridge and Co-op City" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2018. Retrieved October 1, 2018.