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Gun Hill Road (road)

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Gun Hill Road
Map of East Bronx with Gun Hill Road in red
Map of East Bronx with Gun Hill Road in red
Namesake Gun Hill
Owner City of New York
Maintained by NYCDOT
Length 3.5 mi[1] (5.6 km)
Location Bronx, New York City
West end Mosholu Parkway in Norwood
Major
junctions
Bronx River Parkway in Bronx Park
US 1 in Williamsbridge
I-95 in Baychester
East end Hutchinson River Parkway in Baychester
An erroneous I-US1 shield at Gun Hill Road's intersection with U.S. Route 1

Gun Hill Road is a major thoroughfare in the New York City borough of the Bronx. The road stretches for 3.5 miles (5.6 km) from the Mosholu Parkway in Norwood to Stillwell Avenue in Baychester, near an exit for the Hutchinson River Parkway. Van Cortlandt Park and the Mosholu Golf Course are both located at the western terminus of Gun Hill Road.

Street description[edit]

The west end of Gun Hill Road is at the Mosholu Parkway, where the road continues west as Van Cortlandt Park South toward Manhattan College. After an intersection with Jerome Avenue, Gun Hill Road passes to the south of the Mosholu Golf Course. Also, the road name officially changes from West Gun Hill Road to East Gun Hill Road.[1] At an intersection with DeKalb Avenue in Norwood, the road passes by the North Central Bronx Hospital and the Montefiore Medical Center. Northwest of there, the road acts as the southern border of Woodlawn Cemetery. At Webster Avenue, Gun Hill Road passes the Williams Bridge Metro-North station. Soon after, the road crosses over the Bronx River Parkway, at exit 9. The following major intersection is White Plains Road, which Gun Hill Road intersects within Williamsbridge Square. At this intersection, the road also meets the subway station that serves the 2 and ​5 trains.

North Central Bronx Hospital

As the road and enters Williamsbridge, there is an intersection with Boston Road, which carries U.S. 1. Between the DeWitt Place and Sexton Place intersections, the road passes the second subway station for Gun Hill Road, which is for the 5 train. Now entering the neighborhood of Baychester, the road intersects with Edson and Ely avenues, in which the former acts as the southbound service road for the New England Thruway. Directly after, the road intersects with exit 10 for Interstate 95.[1] The road becomes one-way for 0.2 miles (0.3 kilometers) and intersects with Waring Avenue.[1] The road terminates at an intersection with Stillwell Avenue and exit 4S of the Hutchinson River Parkway.[1]

History[edit]

During the American Revolution, the road was an important artery over which the British and the colonists fought.[2] In January 1777, the colonists brought a cannon to the top of a hill and fired at the British. The hill, now inside Woodlawn Cemetery, was locally called Gun Hill afterwards. The road was known as Kingsbridge Road (part of the original Boston Post Road) until 1875, when it was renamed Gun Hill Road. It did not originally extend east of White Plains Road but was extended by segments to the Hutchinson River, by 1938.

In 1941, the New York City Planning Department proposed the Gun Hill Crosstown Highway as an upgrade, but nothing happened with this plan.[3] In the mid-1960s, the Tri-State Transportation Commission proposed a new route just a mile north of Gun Hill Road called the City Line Expressway; this plan also did not advance.[3]

Transportation[edit]

Commuter rail[edit]

Subway[edit]

There are two New York City Subway stations on Gun Hill Road.

Bus[edit]

Several buses travel on Gun Hill Road. The primary routes that traverse the corridor are the Bx28, Bx30, and Bx38.[4]

Major intersections[edit]

The entire route is in the New York City borough of the Bronx

Locationmi[1]kmDestinationsNotes
Norwood0.00.0 Mosholu Parkway to Henry Hudson Parkway / Saw Mill River Parkway / Van Cortland Park SouthPartial interchange; continues west as Van Cortland Park South
0.30.48Jerome Avenue
0.91.4Webster Avenue
Bronx Park1.01.6 Bronx River Parkway – Sound View ParkExit 9 on Bronx Parkway
Olinville1.21.9White Plains Road
Williamsbridge1.93.1 US 1 (Boston Road)
Baychester3.45.5 I-95 south – George Washington Bridge, Trenton, NJExit 10 on I-95
3.55.6 Hutchinson River Parkway south / Stillwell Avenue – Whitestone Bridge, QueensExit 4S on Hutchinson Parkway; continues east as Stillwell Avenue
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also[edit]

Flag of New York City.svg New York City portal

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Google (July 3, 2018). "Gun Hill Road" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved July 3, 2018. 
  2. ^ John McNamara (1991). History in Asphalt: The Origin of Bronx Street and Place Names. Google Books. Retrieved 2007-11-09. 
  3. ^ a b Steve Anderson (2007). "NY-164 - City Line Expressway". NYCRoads.com. Retrieved 2007-11-06. 
  4. ^ Metropolitan Transportation Authority (2007). "Bx28 bus schedule" (PDF). Retrieved 2007-11-06.  Also see Bx30, Bx39 and Bx55

Coordinates: 40°52′57.4″N 73°52′51.8″W / 40.882611°N 73.881056°W / 40.882611; -73.881056