Gun laws in Brazil

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In Brazil, all firearms are required to be registered with the minimum age for gun ownership being 25.[1] It is generally illegal to carry a gun outside a residence, and a special permit granting the right to do so is granted to certain groups, such as law enforcement officers.[2] To legally own a gun, an owner must hold a gun license, which costs BRL R$1000,[2] and pay a fee every three years to register the gun, currently at BRL R$85.[3] Registration can be done online or in person with the Federal Police.[4] Until 2008, unregistered guns could be legalized for free.[5]

It is estimated that there are around 17 million firearms in Brazil,[6] 9 million of which are unregistered.[1] Some 39,000 people died in 2003 from gun-related injuries nationwide.[6] In 2004, the number was 36,000.[1] Brazil has the second largest arms industry in the Western Hemisphere.[7] Approximately 80% of the weapons manufactured in Brazil are exported, mostly to neighboring countries; many of these weapons are then smuggled back into Brazil.[7] Some firearms in Brazil come from police and military arsenals, having either been "stolen or sold by corrupt soldiers and officers."[7]

In 2005, a majority of Brazil's population voted against banning the sale of guns and ammunition to civilians in a referendum.[1] Executive Order No. 5.123, of 1 July 2004[8] allows the Federal Police to confiscate firearms which are not possessed for a valid reason; self-defense is not considered a valid argument.[9]

Nonetheless, gun homicides have still increased in Brazil. 2012 marked the highest rate of gun deaths in 35 years for Brazil, 8 years after a ban on carrying handguns in public went in to effect,[10] and 2016 saw the worst ever death toll from homicide in Brazil, with 61,619 dead.[11] The death toll rose again in 2017 to 63,880, a 3.7% rise from 2016.[12]

Jair Bolsonaro, winner of the 2018 Brazilian general election, is strongly in favor of repealing the disarmament law and allowing citizens to own and carry guns for defense.[13]

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References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Brazilians reject gun sales ban". BBC News. October 24, 2005. Retrieved 2008-06-17.
  2. ^ a b "LEI No 10.826, DE 22 DE DEZEMBRO DE 2003". December 22, 2003. Retrieved 2015-05-09.
  3. ^ "Taurus Armas".
  4. ^ "Registro de armas de fogo pode ser feito via Web".
  5. ^ Termina prazo para legalizar armas sem taxas
  6. ^ a b Hearn, Kelly (October 5, 2005). "The NRA Takes on Gun Control – in Brazil". Alternet. Retrieved 2008-06-17.
  7. ^ a b c Rohter, Larry (October 20, 2005). "Gun-Happy Brazil Hotly Debates a Nationwide Ban". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-06-18.
  8. ^ "D5123". Planalto – Presidência da República do Brasil.
  9. ^ "A ilegalidade na negativa à compra de arma de fogo". jus.com.br.
  10. ^ "'Brazil gun killings rise to highest level in 35 years". BBC News. 14 May 2015.
  11. ^ "Brazil Had Record of 168 Murders per Day in 2016". Latin American Herald Tribune.
  12. ^ "Brazil breaks own record for number of murders in single year". Azvision. 10 August 2018.
  13. ^ Bolsonaro revela a O Antagonista seus planos para a Presidência. O Antagonista. YouTube.

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