Gun laws in North Carolina
North Carolina is generally considered a permissive state for firearms owners, with no state-imposed restrictions on "assault weapons", no magazine capacity restrictions, no caliber restrictions, and few restrictions on the open carrying of firearms. North Carolina maintains concealed carry reciprocity with other states.
- 1 Summary table
- 2 Common law
- 3 Fully automatic rifles and machine guns
- 4 Acquiring a handgun
- 5 Concealed carry
- 6 Local government restrictions limited by state
- 7 Open carry
- 8 States of emergency
- 9 Other offences
- 10 See also
- 11 Notes
- 12 References
- 13 Further reading
|Subject/Law||Long Guns||Handguns||Relevant Statutes||Notes|
|State permit required to purchase?||No||Yes||For handguns, a Pistol Purchase Permit (issued by the sheriff in the county of one's residence) or a North Carolina issued Concealed Handgun Permit is required. Presenting either of these exempts the buyer from the on-the-spot NICS background check.|
|Firearm registration?||No||No||Durham County formerly required registration of handguns. This was repealed on June 18, 2014. State law now makes it unlawful for any government entity within the state to maintain a firearms registry.|
|Owner license required?||No||No|
|Permit required for concealed carry?||N/A||Yes||§ 14-415.10–14-415.27||North Carolina is a "shall issue" state for Concealed Handgun Permits. An individual must inform a law enforcement officer when addressed he/she is carrying a concealed handgun.:21|
|Permit required for open carry?||No||No||Open carry is not specifically limited by state law, but some local governments may have ordinances against openly carried weapons. See state pre-emption section below|
|State preemption of local restrictions?||Yes||Yes||North Carolina has state preemption for most firearm laws.|
|Assault weapon law?||No||No|
|NFA weapons restricted?||No||No||All NFA weapons (Title II weapons) and silencers/suppressors are allowed, as long as federal rules are followed|
|Shall Certify?||Yes||Yes||§ 14-409.41:12||Shall certify within 15 days.|
|Background checks required for private sales?||No||Yes||§ 14-402||A person acquiring a handgun must have either a permit to purchase a handgun or a concealed handgun permit. A background check is required to obtain either of these permits.|
North Carolina is a common law state. Appearing in a public place, armed with a firearm, may be an affray at common law depending on the circumstances. In State v. Huntley (1843), it was ruled, in part:
It has been remarked that a double-barrel gun, or any other gun, cannot in this country come under the description of "unusual weapons," for there is scarcely a man in the community who does not own and occasionally use a gun of some sort. But we do not feel the force of this criticism. A gun is an "unusual weapon," wherewith to be armed and clad. No man amongst us carries it about with him, as one of his every day accoutrements—as a part of his dress—and never, we trust, will the day come when any deadly weapon will be worn or wielded in our peace-loving and law-abiding State, as an appendage of manly equipment. But although a gun is an "unusual weapon," it is to be remembered that the carrying of a gun, per se, constitutes no (sic) offence. For any lawful purpose—either of business or amusement—the citizen is at perfect liberty to carry his gun. It is the wicked purpose, and the mischievous result, which essentially constitute the crime. He shall not carry about this or any other weapon of death to terrify and alarm, and in such manner as naturally will terrify and alarm a peaceful people'
Fully automatic rifles and machine guns
ATF requires the transfer of fully automatic weapons to be in compliance with State and Local laws. North Carolina General Statute 14-409 Machine Guns and Other Like Weapons, citation needed] states “It shall be unlawful for any person, firm or corporation to manufacture, sell, give away, dispose of, use or possess machine guns, submachine guns, or other like weapons…”. The statute goes further to outline seven specific exceptions allowing for the lawful possession of such weapons in the state of North Carolina:[
- Banks, merchants, and recognized business establishments for use in their respective places of business,who shall first apply to and receive from the sheriff of the county in which said business is located, a permit to possess the said weapons for the purpose of defending the said business;
- United States Army, when in discharge of their official duties;
- Officers and soldiers of the militia when called into actual service;
- Officers of the State, or of any county, city or town … when acting in the discharge of their official duties;
- The manufacture, use or possession of such weapons for scientific or experimental purposes;
- Resident of this State who now owns a machine gun used in former wars, as a relic or souvenir may retain and keep same as his or her property.
- A person who lawfully possesses or owns a weapon in compliance with 26 U.S.C. Chapter 53, §§ 5801-5871.
Any other possession or use of fully automatic weapons in North Carolina is unlawful.
Acquiring a handgun
To acquire a handgun in North Carolina (including private sales, gifts, and inheritance) an individual must go to the county sheriff's office in the county in which they reside and obtain a pistol purchase permit. This is not required if one has a concealed handgun permit. State law requires the applicant to appear in person with government ID, pay a $5 fee, undergo a background check similar in scope and scrutiny to NICS, and have a reason for owning a pistol (hunting, target shooting, self defense, or collecting). Because there are 100 different counties in North Carolina, there are different sets of rules and requirements for obtaining such a permit, which can be determined arbitrarily by the local sheriff. Some sheriffs impose other restrictions such as a limit on the number of permits applied for at a time, waiting periods, and/or proof of good moral character (a witness or references, in some cases notarized with affidavits). The Pistol Purchase requirements are a holdover from Jim Crow laws that were designed to prevent African-Americans and other minorities from easily obtaining handguns.
In accordance to North Carolina Law, no county or local government can require handgun registration.
In North Carolina, it is unlawful for any person, firm, or corporation to sell, give away, transfer, purchase, or receive, at any place in the state, any pistol, unless the purchaser or receiver has first obtained a license or permit to receive such a pistol by the sheriff of the county where the purchaser or receiver resides, or the purchaser or receiver possesses a valid North Carolina issued concealed carry permit. To obtain a permit prior to the transfer of a pistol applies not only to a commercial transaction typically at a sporting goods store but also between private individuals or companies throughout North Carolina.
Under N.C.G.S. 14-402, a county sheriff is only authorized to issue a permit to receive or purchase a handgun when an application is submitted by a person who is a resident of his or her particular county. The sole exception is that the sheriff may issue a permit to a non-resident when the purpose of the permit is collecting. Before issuing a permit, the sheriff must fully satisfy himself/herself by affidavits, oral evidence, or otherwise, that the applicant is of good moral character and that the person, firm, or corporation wants to possess the weapon for one of the following purposes: The protection of the applicant's home, business, person, family, or property; target shooting; collection; or hunting. The sheriff must also verify by a criminal history background investigation that it is not a violation of the state or federal law for the applicant to purchase, transfer, receive, or possess a handgun. In order to determine criminal history of the applicant, the sheriff must access the computerized criminal history records maintained by the State and Federal Bureaus of Investigation, by conducting a national criminal history records check, and by conducting a criminal history check through the Administrative Office of the Courts.
North Carolina State law further states that a permit may not be issued to the following persons: An applicant who is under indictment, or has been convicted in any state, of a felony (other than an offense pertaining to anti-trust violations, unfair trade practices, or restraints of trade). However, a person who has been convicted of a felony and is later pardoned may obtain a permit, if the purchase or receipt of the pistol does not violate the conditions of the pardon. Others that may not be issued a permit are fugitives from justice; the applicant is an unlawful user of or addicted to marijuana, any depressant, stimulant, or narcotic drug; the applicant has been adjudicated incompetent or has been committed to any mental institution; the applicant is an alien illegally or unlawfully in the United States; the applicant has been discharged from the U.S. armed forces under dishonorable conditions; the applicant, having been a citizen of the United States, has renounced their citizenship; the applicant is subject to a court order that: 1. was issued after a hearing of which the applicant received actual notice, and at which the applicant has an opportunity to participate; 2. restrains the person from harassing, stalking, or threatening an intimate partner of the person or child of the intimate partner of the person, or engaging in other conduct that would place an intimate partner in reasonable fear of bodily injury to the partner or child; and includes a finding that the person represents a credible threat to the physical safety of the intimate partner or child; or by its terms explicitly prohibits the use, attempted use, or threatened use of physical force against the intimate partner or child that would reasonable be expected to cause bodily injury.
Before issuing a purchase permit, the sheriff's office will issue a permit if they have satisfied the following criteria:
1) The applicant is a citizen of the United States or has been lawfully admitted for permanent residence as defined in 8 U.S.C. § 1101(a)(20), and has been a resident of the State 30 days or longer immediately preceding the filing of the application.
2) The applicant is 21 years of age or older.
3) The applicant does not suffer from a physical or mental infirmity that prevents the safe handling of a handgun
4) The applicant has successfully completed an approved firearms safety and training course which involves the actual firing of handguns and instruction in the laws of this State governing the carrying of a concealed handgun and the use of deadly force. The North Carolina Criminal Justice Education and Training Standards Commission (NCCJETSC) shall prepare and publish general guidelines for courses and qualifications of instructors which would satisfy the requirements of this subdivision. An approved course shall be any course which satisfies the requirements of this subdivision and is certified or sponsored by:
- a. The North Carolina Criminal Justice Education and Training Standards Commission,
- b. The National Rifle Association, or
- c. A law enforcement agency, college, private or public institution or organization, or firearms training school, taught by instructors certified by the North Carolina Criminal Justice Education and Training Standards Commission (NCCJETSC) or the National Rifle Association.
5) The applicant is not disqualified under subsection (b) of this section.(see ineligibility requirements)
The sheriff shall deny a permit to an applicant who:
(1) Is ineligible to own, possess, or receive a firearm under the provisions of State or federal law.
(2) Is under indictment or against whom a finding of probable cause exists for a felony.
(3) Has been adjudicated guilty in any court of a felony, unless:
- (i) the felony is an offense that pertains to antitrust violations, unfair trade practices, or restraints of trade, or
- (ii) the person's firearms rights have been restored pursuant to G.S. 14-415.4.
(4) Is a fugitive from justice.
(5) Is an unlawful user of, or addicted to marijuana, alcohol, or any depressant, stimulant, or narcotic drug, or any other controlled substance as defined in 21 U.S.C. § 802.
(6) Is currently, or has been previously adjudicated by a court or administratively determined by a governmental agency whose decisions are subject to judicial review to be, lacking mental capacity or mentally ill. Receipt of previous consultative services or outpatient treatment alone shall not disqualify an applicant under this subdivision.
(7) Is or has been discharged from the Armed Forces of the United States under conditions other than honorable.
(8) Except as provided in subdivision (8a), (8b), or (8c) of this section, is or has been adjudicated guilty of or received a prayer for judgment continued or suspended sentence for one or more crimes of violence constituting a misdemeanor, including but not limited to, a violation of a misdemeanor under Article 8 of Chapter 14 of the NCGS except for a violation of G.S. 14-33(a), or a violation of a misdemeanor under G.S. 14-226.1, 4-258.1, 14-269.2, 14-269.3, 14-269.4, 14-269.6, 14-277, 14-277.1, 14-277.2, 14-283 except for a violation involving fireworks exempted under G.S. 14-414, 14-288.2, 14-288.4(a)(1), 14-288.6, 14-288.9, former 14-288.12, former 14-288.13, former 14-288.14, 14-415.21(b), or 14-415.26(d) within three years prior to the date on which the application is submitted.
(8a) Is or has been adjudicated guilty of or received a prayer for judgment continued or suspended sentence for one or more crimes of violence constituting a misdemeanor under G.S. 14-33(c)(1), 14-33(c)(2), 14-33(c)(3), 14-33(d), 14-277.3A, 14-318.2, 14-134.3, 50B-4.1, or former G.S. 14-277.3.
(8b) Is prohibited from possessing a firearm pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 922(g) as a result of a conviction of a misdemeanor crime of domestic violence.
(8c) Has been adjudicated guilty of or received a prayer for judgment continued or suspended sentence for one or more crimes involving an assault or a threat to assault a law enforcement officer, probation or parole officer, person employed at a State or local detention facility, firefighter, emergency medical technician, medical responder, or emergency department personnel.
(9) Has had entry of a prayer for judgment continued for a criminal offense which would disqualify the person from obtaining a concealed handgun permit.
(10) Is free on bond or personal recognizance pending trial, appeal, or sentencing for a crime which would disqualify him from obtaining a concealed handgun permit.
(11) Has been convicted of an impaired driving offense under G.S. 20-138.1, 20-138.2, or 20-138.3 within three years prior to the date on which the application is submitted.
(c) An applicant shall not be ineligible to receive a concealed carry permit under subdivision (6) of subsection (b) of this section because of an adjudication of mental incapacity or illness or an involuntary commitment to mental health services if the individual's rights have been restored under G.S. 14-409.42. (1995, c. 398, s. 1; c. 509, s. 135.3(d); 1997-441, s. 4; 2007-427, s. 5; 2008-210, s. 3(b); 2009-58, s. 1; 2010-108, s. 5; 2011-2, s. 1; 2011-183, s. 16; 2012-12, s. 2(bb); 2013-369, s. 11; 2015-195, ss. 7, 11(l), 17.)
It is a non-criminal violation of the law (infraction) for an individual to fail to disclose to a law enforcement officer that he has a concealed handgun on/about his person "when approached or addressed by the officer" or to provide the concealed handgun permit when required.
North Carolina is a "shall issue" state for the concealed carry of handguns. Application for a concealed handgun permit is made through the local county sheriff's office. Applicants must complete a state approved training course given by a state certified trainer. Instructors for these classes must be certified by the North Carolina Department of Justice. The Concealed Carry Handgun Safety Class is regulated to be a minimum of eight (8) hours long and must include a written test on state laws pertaining to the use of deadly force, and restrictions on the locations a handgun may be carried in a concealed fashion. In addition, the applicant must shoot a designated course of fire and obtain a passing score. A concealed handgun permit is valid for a period of five years. Regardless of the possession of a CHP, there are places that are restricted from the carrying of a concealed handgun, or any other firearm. Some restrictions have allowances for emergency medical services, fire and police.
Restrictions on carry
There are some areas in North Carolina where guns are prohibited. It is a Class 1 Misdemeanor for any person to knowingly carry concealed on or about his person on any private premises where notice that carrying a concealed handgun is prohibited by the posting of a conspicuous notice or statement by the person in legal possession or control of the premises. It is also a Class 1 Misdemeanor for a person with or without a permit to carry concealed a handgun while consuming or having alcohol remain in the person's body. Carrying any dangerous weapon by a person participating in, affiliated with, or present as a spectator at any parade, funeral procession, picket line, or demonstration on public property or private health care facility is also a Class 1 misdemeanor. Provisions do not apply to a person exempted by the provisions of G.S. 14-269(b) or to persons authorized by State or federal law to carry dangerous weapons in the performance of their duties or to any person who obtains a permit to carry a dangerous weapon at a parade, funeral procession, picket line, or demonstration from the sheriff or police chief, whichever is appropriate, of the locality where such parade, funeral procession, picket line, or demonstration is to take place.
(d) The provisions of this section shall not apply to concealed carry of a handgun at a parade or funeral procession by a person with a valid permit issued in accordance with Article 54B of this Chapter, with a permit considered valid under G.S. 14-415.24, or who is exempt from obtaining a permit pursuant to G.S. 14-415.25. This subsection shall not be construed to permit a person to carry a concealed handgun on any premises where the person in legal possession or control of the premises has posted a conspicuous notice prohibiting the carrying of a concealed handgun on the premises in accordance with G.S. 14-415.11(c).
Furthermore, it is a Class I Felony for any person knowingly to possess or carry, whether openly or concealed, any gun, rifle, pistol, or other firearm of any kind on educational property or to a curricular or extracurricular activity sponsored by a school(G.S. 14-269.2).
It is also unlawful for any person to possess, or carry, whether openly or concealed, any deadly weapon, not used solely for instructional or officially sanctioned ceremonial purposes in the State Capitol Building, the Executive Mansion, the Western Residence of the Governor, or on the grounds of any of these buildings, and in any building housing any court of the General Court of Justice.
Guns were previously banned from school grounds; however, they are now allowed if the school ground in question is a public school, as long as the owner is in possession of a concealed weapons permit, and the gun is inside a closed compartment or container, which is in turn inside a locked car or in a locked container that is securely affixed to the vehicle. Private schools may permit or ban guns on their campuses as they wish.
However, it is a misdemeanor, rather than a Class I Felony, for any person to possess or carry, whether openly or concealed, any gun, rifle pistol, or other firearm of any kind, on educational property or to an extra curricular activity sponsored by a school if the person is not a student attending schools on the educational property, or an employee employed by the school working on the educational property; and the person is not a student attending a curricular or extracurricular activity sponsored by the school at which the student is enrolled, or an employee attending a curricular or extracurricular activity sponsored by the school at which the employee is working; and the firearm is not loaded, is in a motor vehicle and is locked in a container or a locked firearm rack. A concealed handgun permit does not allow a permittee to carry a gun on any school ground. Guns are not allowed into State buildings unless they are being used for instructional or officially sanctioned ceremonial purposes. It is also unlawful for a person to arm himself or herself with a gun for the purpose of terrifying others[note 1] and go about so on public highways in a manner to cause terror.
Effective December 1, 2011, North Carolina automatically recognizes concealed carry permits issued in any other state.
§ 14-415.24. Reciprocity; out-of-state handgun permits
- (a) A valid concealed handgun permit or license issued by another state is valid in North Carolina.
The above subsection of this statute previously gave reciprocity only when the state the permit was from also gave reciprocity, but this requirement was repealed under Session Laws 2011-268, s. 22(a) on December 1, 2011. This session also removed the need for the Attorney General to maintain a database of states that meet the requirements of an NC permit.
Law Enforcement Officers Safety Act of 2004
The Law Enforcement Officers Safety Act of 2004 is a federal law that allows out-of-state sworn law enforcement officers to carry concealed handguns in all states. These out-of-state law enforcement officers may carry in certain areas of North Carolina as long as they are a qualified officer of a governmental agency. They must also be authorized by law to enforce criminal laws with the statutory powers of arrest and be authorized to carry firearms with their agency. The officer must carry valid photo identification as an officer. In North Carolina, the out-of-state officer may not carry in either public or private areas where the possession of firearms is prohibited. Certain qualified retired officers may also be eligible to carry concealed handguns in North Carolina.
Various case law has been ruled on in NC clarifying the interpretation of concealed carry law. North Carolina v. McManus (1883) stated a weapon concealed on or "about his person" was still in violation of the law. It was held that a weapon concealed within immediate reach and control of a defendant, is a considered a concealed weapon for the purpose of the law.
In State v. Gainey (1968), the appeals court found that a firearm concealed within the passenger compartment of a vehicle is not necessarily immediately available if the circumstances dictate.
State v. Soles (2008) held that a firearm concealed inside a backpack could not be deemed as such because the state did not present enough evidence to show this and a conviction is made beyond all reasonable doubt, not on an assumption.
Local government restrictions limited by state
In 2015, the state legislature set out to make the local gun laws in North Carolina more uniform across the board. They acknowledged the need for local governments prohibit firearms in local government buildings, but they also restricted a local government's ability to prohibit on "municipal and county recreational facilities that are specifically identified by the unit of local government".
The bill states that no political subdivision, boards or agencies of the State or any city, county, municipality, etc may enact rules, ordinances or regulations concerning the legal carry of a concealed handgun. The bill does, however, state "that a unit of local government may adopt an ordinance to permit the posting of a prohibition against the concealed carry of a handgun in accordance with NCGS § 14-415.11(c)" (places where concealed carry is prohibited and exemptions).
It also states that "A unit of local government may also adopt an ordinance to prohibit, by posting, the carrying of a concealed handgun on municipal and county recreational facilities that are specifically identified by the unit of local government. If a unit of local government adopts such an ordinance with regard to recreational facilities, then the concealed handgun permittee may lawfully secure the handgun in a locked vehicle within the trunk, glove box," etc.
NCGS § 14-415.23 Statewide uniformity identifies 'recreational facilities' specifically as:
(c) For purposes of this section, the term "recreational facilities" includes only the following:
- (1) An athletic field, including any appurtenant facilities such as restrooms, during an organized athletic event if the field had been scheduled for use with the municipality or county office responsible for operation of the park or recreational area.
- (2) A swimming pool, including any appurtenant facilities used for dressing, storage of personal items, or other uses relating to the swimming pool.
- (3) A facility used for athletic events, including, but not limited to, a gymnasium.
(d) For the purposes of this section, the term "recreational facilities" does not include any greenway, designated biking or walking path, an area that is customarily used as a walkway or bike path although not specifically designated for such use, open areas or fields where athletic events may occur unless the area qualifies as an "athletic field" pursuant to subdivision (1) of subsection (c) of this section, and any other area that is not specifically described in subsection (c) of this section.
Despite this legislation being in place, many buildings still maintain 'gun free zone' signs on the entrances to the property, thus rendering them merely voluntary. Examples of this still being commonplace are Crabtree Creek Trail or buildings within Pullen Park, Raleigh. Some local governments have begun to amend their local ordinances to comply with state law.
Open carry is also legal throughout North Carolina. In the town of Chapel Hill, open carry is restricted to guns of a certain minimum size, under the theory that small, concealable handguns are more often associated with criminal activity. No permit is required to carry a handgun openly in North Carolina. In the court case of State v. Kerner (1921) the defendant ended up getting into some type of confrontation with another man. The defendant proceeded to walk back to his place of work, get his gun, and then return to the scene to fight. The defendant ended up being charged with "carrying a concealed weapon" and "carrying his pistol off his premises unconcealed," which violated a local act applicable to Forsyth County and ended up being a misdemeanor. The defendant was taken to trial and the trial judge then dismissed the charge as unconstitutional. The state then appealed, and the supreme court affirmed. During court, the court stated at the beginning that the Second Amendment did not apply, because "the first ten amendments to the United States Constitution are restrictions on the federal authority and not the states." Therefore, with that being said, it focused more on the state constitution. The state constitution states that: "A well regulated militia, being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms, shall not be infringed." The court viewed the provision as protecting the right to carry arms in public. Although, the case of State v. Kerner helped/made more clear the allowance of openly carrying a pistol, it does not preclude all regulations regarding the carrying of firearms.
States of emergency
Changes to North Carolina law, effective October 1, 2012, removed the prohibition on legal gun owners from carrying lawfully possessed firearms during a declared state of emergency via the Emergency Management Act.
Pursuant to North Carolina's Emergency Management Act (Chapter 166A of the General Statutes) local governments may impose restrictions on dangerous weapons such as explosives, incendiary devices, and radioactive materials and devices when a state of emergency is declared but may not impose restrictions on lawfully possessed firearms.:30
Prior to October 1, 2012, firearms could not be legally transported or possessed off of one's own premises during a declared state of emergency or in the immediate vicinity of a riot, except for law enforcement and military personnel in the performance of their duties. On March 29, 2012, the provision barring the carry and possession of a firearm during a declared state of emergency was declared unconstitutional by a US Federal Court (No. 5:10-CV-265-H (E.D.N.C. filed Mar. 29, 2012)).[full citation needed]
Under GS 14.35.1 it is a Class 1 misdemeanor to allow the storage of a firearm in a condition it can be discharged and "in a manner that the person knew or should have known that an unsupervised minor would be able to gain access to the firearm" and if the minor carries out certain unlawful acts with it.
- "State Gun Laws: North Carolina", National Rifle Association – Institute for Legislative Action. Retrieved December 31, 2012.
- "North Carolina State Law Summary", Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence. Retrieved December 31, 2012.
- "Concealed Handguns Reciprocity". North Carolina Department of Justice. Retrieved August 16, 2019.
- "Article 54B - Concealed Handgun Permit". NC General Statutes. North Carolina General Assembly. Retrieved August 16, 2019.
- "North Carolina Firearms Laws". North Carolina Department of Justice. December 2015. Archived from the original on April 25, 2016. Retrieved April 18, 2016.
- "Article 54B - Concealed Handgun Permit. § 14-415.11. Permit to carry concealed handgun; scope of permit". NC General Statutes. North Carolina General Assembly.
- "Article 54B - Concealed Handgun Permit. § 14-415.23. Statewide uniformity". NC General Statutes. North Carolina General Assembly.
- "House Bill 562: An Act to Amend Various Firearm Laws" (PDF). North Carolina General Assembly. 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on August 9, 2019.
- "Article 53B - Firearm Regulation. § 14-409.41. Chief law enforcement officer certification; certain firearms". NC General Statutes. North Carolina General Assembly.
- "Article 52A - Sale of Weapons in Certain Counties. § 14-402. Sale of certain weapons without permit forbidden". NC General Statutes. North Carolina General Assembly.
- "Chapter 4. Common Law. § 4‑1. Common law declared to be in force". NC General Statutes. North Carolina General Assembly. Retrieved November 23, 2011.
- Garland, David Shephard; McGehee, Lucius Polk; Cockcroft, James, eds. (1896). "Affray". The American and English Encyclopedia of Law. 1 (2nd ed.). Edward Thompson Company. pp. 915–918 – via Google Books.
- State v. Robert S. Huntley, 25 N.C. 418 (1843).
- Law Enforcement Liaison Section (February 2014). "North Carolina Firearms Laws". North Carolina Department of Justice. p. 28. Archived from the original (PDF) on August 14, 2014. Retrieved May 12, 2014.
Going Armed To The Terror Of The People: By common law in North Carolina, it is unlawful for a person to arm himself/herself with any unusual and dangerous weapon, for the purpose of terrifying others, and go about on public highways in a manner to cause terror to others. The N.C. Supreme Court states that any gun is an unusual and dangerous weapon for purposes of this offense. Therefore, persons are cautioned as to the areas they frequent with firearms.
- "Machine Guns & Automatic Firearms in North Carolina". Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence. January 1, 2012. Archived from the original on June 13, 2013. Retrieved June 21, 2013.
- "Article 52A - Sale of Weapons in Certain Counties. § 14-409. Machine guns and other like weapons". NC General Statutes. North Carolina General Assembly. Retrieved August 17, 2019.
- "North Carolina Firearms Laws" (PDF). North Carolina Department of Justice. December 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on January 20, 2019.
- Gaston County Sheriff's Office – Gun Permit Application Procedures Archived May 7, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
- Wake County Sheriff's Office – Obtaining Handgun Permits in Wake County Archived 2011-09-27 at the Wayback Machine
- "Office of the Orange County Sheriff – Orange County Pistol Permit Application Information" (PDF). Retrieved November 23, 2011.
- Ian Worthington (November 23, 2010). "Durham County Government – Pistol Permit Instructions and Application Package". Durhamcountync.gov. Archived from the original on November 29, 2011. Retrieved November 23, 2011.
- Mecklenburg County Sheriff's Office – Gun Permits
- "North Carolina Rifle & Pistol Association – North Carolina Gun Ownership FAQs". Ncrpa.org. Retrieved November 23, 2011.
- Law Enforcement Liaison Section (September 2014). "North Carolina Firearms Laws". North Carolina Department of Justice. p. 19. Archived from the original on October 6, 2014. Retrieved October 4, 2014.
- "Concealed Weapons Reciprocity". North Carolina Department of Justice. April 2012. Archived from the original on February 15, 2014.
- "Article 54B - Concealed Handgun Permit. § 14-415.24. Reciprocity; out-of-state handgun permits". NC General Statutes. North Carolina General Assembly.
- State v. McManus, 89 N.C. 555 (1883).
- State v. Gainey, 273 N.C. 620 (1968).
- State v. Soles, 662 S.E.2d 564 (N.C. App. 2008).
- State v. Soles, 662 S.E.2d 564 (N.C. App. 2008).
- "Article 54B - Concealed Handgun Permit. § 14-415.23. Statewide uniformity". NC General Statutes. North Carolina General Assembly. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
- "Article 54B - Concealed Handgun Permit. § 14-415.11. Permit to carry concealed handgun; scope of permit". NC General Statutes. North Carolina General Assembly.
- Linville, Jeff (April 4, 2019). "County repeals gun restrictions". Mount Airy News. Retrieved 2019-04-08.
- Price, Mark (March 15, 2019). "'Gun Sanctuary' movement spreads to NC as county adopts plan to thwart gun control". The Charlotte Observer. Retrieved 2019-06-02.
- "State Information For North Carolina". OpenCarry.org. Retrieved September 22, 2016.
- State v. O.W. Kerner, 181 N.C. 574 (1921).
- Welty, Jeff (March 5, 2013). "Open Carry". North Carolina Criminal Law: UNC School of Government Blog. Archived from the original on November 6, 2013. Retrieved October 29, 2013.
- "Chapter 166A". www.ncleg.net. Retrieved 2020-01-02.
- "§ 14-288.7". NC General Statutes. North Carolina General Assembly. Retrieved August 17, 2019.
Repealed by Session Laws 2012-12, s. 2(c), effective October 1, 2012.
- "GS 14-288.7. Transporting dangerous weapon or substance during emergency; possessing off premises; exceptions". NC General Statutes. North Carolina General Assembly. Archived from the original on September 18, 2011. Retrieved November 23, 2011.