|This article needs additional citations for verification. (October 2014)|
|• Total||6,484.63 km2 (2,503.73 sq mi)|
|Elevation||474 m (1,555 ft)|
|• Density||123/km2 (320/sq mi)|
|• Official||Hindi, English|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Telephone code||91 7542|
|Vehicle registration||MP - 08|
|Sex ratio||910 ♂/♀|
Guna is a city and a municipality in Guna district in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. It is the administrative headquarters of Guna District and is located on the banks of Parbati river. The British commonly spelt the name Goona and Goonah.
In the early 18th century, Guna was conquered by the Maratha leader Ranoji Rao Scindia, and remained part of the Kingdom of Gwalior until shortly after Indian independence. Guna was administered as part of the kingdom's Isagarh District. In 1897 the Indian Midland Railway constructed a rail route passing through Guna.
Initially Guna sees to be the part of Avanti Kingdom founded by Chand Pradyota Mahesena Later on Shishusangh added the kingdom of Avant which included Guna to the growing empire of Magadha In the beginning of 18th century Chanderi was the part of Malwa and remaining portion of Guna formed the part of Raghogarh State. Later on Raghogarh was split into three state of which Garah and Dharnawada State among the three clamaints of Raghogarh family. After the great revolt of 1857, Guna district thus passed under the control of Gwalior State with Raghogarh as its mandatory chief. An assistant to the resident of Gwalior was posted at Guna which remained. an English cantonment after the year 1860. Although Guna was dejure a part of Gwalior State, but because of its British cantonment, it was considered expedient to locate the district headquarters there. Bajrangarh, about 6 miles from Guna enjoyed that privilege. In 1897 the midland railway constructed the rail route passing through Guna.After independence on 28 May 1948, Guna became the part of Madhya Bharat as one of its 16 Districts subsequently as a result of State on the formation of new Madhya Pradesh in 1956 Guna district became a part of it.
Guna district (Hindi: गुना जिला) is one of the 50 districts of Madhya Pradesh in central India. Its administrative headquarters is Guna. The district has a population of 12,40,938 (2011 census). It has an area of 6485 km², and is bounded on the northeast by Shivpuri District, on the east by Ashoknagar District, on the southeast by Vidisha District, on the southwest by Rajgarh District, on the west and northwest by Jhalawar and Baran districts of Rajasthan state. The Sindh River flows northward along the eastern edge of the district, forming part of the boundary with Ashoknagar District, and the Parbati River flows northwestward through the southern portion of the district, forming part of the boundary with Baran District before flowing into Rajasthan. On August 15, 2003 Guna District was split in two, with the eastern portion becoming Ashoknagar District.
Guna district is divided into 4 sub-divisions: Guna city, Raghogarh, Aron and Chanchoda. These are further divided into 5 tehsils: Guna, Raghogarh, Aron, Kumbhraj and Chanchoda. There are 4 Madhya Pradesh Vidhan Sabha constituencies located in this district. Two of them, Bamori and Guna are part of Guna Lok Sabha constituency and the other two, Chachoura and Raghogarh are part of Rajgarh Lok Sabha constituency.
Guna is located at  It has an average elevation of 474 metres (1555 ft)..
Guna district of Madhya Pradesh is the gateway of Malwa and Chambal. It is located on the north-eastern part of Malwa Plateau. Western boundary of the District is well defined by Parbati river. Parbati is the main river flowing along the western boundary touching Rajgarh District of Madhya Pradesh, and Jhalawarh and Kota Districts of Rajasthan. Towns Shivpuri and Kota are located in north and the cities Vidisha, Bhopal, and Rajgarh lie to the South.the eastern boundary of district define by Sindh river. Nowadays Guna is connected with every city of state and many major cities of India by train and by road. Shri Madhav Rao Scindia lagislative before Jyotiraditya Scindia has made Guna one of the developed district in Madhya Pradesh. There are many trains running from Guna to Kolkata, Indore, Bhopal, Gwalior, Delhi, Amritsar, Jaipur, Ahemdabad,Mumbai etc. when he was railway minister and today Guna is one of the main station in Bhopal division.
Guna has a sub-tropical climate with hot summers from late March to early July, the humid monsoon season from late June to early October, and a cool dry winter from early November to late February. Summers start in late March, and along with other cities like Nagpur and Delhi, are among the hottest in India and the world. Temperatures peak in May and June with daily averages being around 33–35 °C (93–95 °F), and end in late June with the onset of the monsoon. Guna receives 970 mm (39 in) of rain every year, most of which is concentrated in the monsoon months from late June to early October. August is the wettest month with about 310 mm (12 in) of rain. Winter in Guna starts in late October, and is generally very mild with daily temperatures averaging in the 14–16 °C (58–62 °F) range, and mostly dry and sunny conditions. January is the coldest month with average lows in the 5–7 °C range (40–45 °F) and occasional cold snaps that plummet temperatures to close to freezing.
As of 2011[update] India census, Guna has a population of 180,978. Males constitute 52.29% of the population and females 47.71%. Guna has an average literacy rate of 81.7%, In Guna, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Government Degree College, Guna Madhya Pradesh is also known as Govt PG College was established in 1983.
Sakshi Institute of Technology and Management (SITM) is located at Myana in Guna district of Madhya Pradesh. History SITM was established under the auspices of Prem Nagar Group. The ISO 9001:2008 certified institute is approved by AICTE, New Delhi and affiliated to Rajiv Gandhi Proudyogiki Vishwavidyalaya, Bhopal.
Jaypee University of Engineering & Technology (JUET) is a private engineering university (earlier known as Jaypee Institute of Engineering and Technology) located at Raghogarh, Guna, Madhya Pradesh, India. The university curriculum focuses on undergraduate and postgraduate engineering studies and research in engineering disciplines.
Jaypee University of Engineering and Technology, Guna was established in 2003 based on the memorandum of understanding signed between Jaiprakash Sewa Sansthan (a not-for-profit trust) and the government of Madhya Pradesh with an aim of becoming a Center of Excellence in Engineering and Technology. Government of Madhya Pradesh vide Gazette Extraordinary No. 3 of 2010 dated 29 April 2010 approved it as the first private university in the State of Madhya Praesh under the provisions of Madhya Pradesh Niji Vishwavidyalaya Adhiniyam 2007. This was formally assented by His Excellency the Governor of Madhya Pradesh on 10 August 2010 for the establishment of Jaypee University of Engineering & Technology (JUET), Raghogarh, Guna (M.P.), vide Act No. 23 of 2010 published in Madhya Pradesh Gazette (Extraordinary) Notification Srl. No. 420 dated 13 August 2010. JUET was approved by the University Grants Commission under section 2(f) of the UGC Act 1956.
United Nations Listing
Jaypee University of Engineering & Technology,Guna has been included in the list of Universities maintained by the International Association of Universities (IAU). The list is given in the following URL : http://www.iau-aiu.net/content/list-heis
Vandana Convent Sr.Sec.School established in 1974 by the Society of Sisters of St.Elizabeth, a premier educational institution of the city of Guna (M.P. India). The society is registered under this societies Registration Act of 1973. The Society in its fundamental rights guaranteed by the article 30(1) of the constitution of India has taken up education as a service for the betterment of society without distinction of Caste and Creed. The school has “ Wisdom and Service” as its motto and fosters the spirit of love and selfless service to the Almighty, to our country our neighbors. The medium of instruction is English, but Hindi is taught as a compulsory subject. Students are encouraged to develop a liking and command over both the languages.
1. Panchmukhi Hanuman Ashram - A Very Silent & Religious Place in Vivek Colony, Guna It is a Hindu temple and is claimed to be one lord of the five strengths of Lord Hanuman. One is of Hanuman’s main face while others are of different faces as an eagle (garud), a boar (varaha), a haya-griv, a lion and a monkey. This temple is located at the foot of Guna-Gwalior railway line crossing by Guna-Ashoknagar road. It is just around 4 kilo-meters from Guna Railway station & Bus stand. It is so near to the GUNA Aerodrome (around 0.3 Kilo-meters)
Its creation was started by June, 2008 and got complete on November, 2011. The statue of Panchmukhi Hanuman was unveiled on December 14, 2011. Sri-Sri 1008 Siyaram-Das Ji Maharaj is the current Successor (Inheritor) of the ashram.
2. Hanuman Tekri - Temple on the city's top most historic hill
An ancient temple of lord Hanuman, almost around 600 years. Visitors to this temple are not only from the same city or Guna district but also from almost all the central and northern states like Uttar-Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Punjab, Delhi and many more.
The fort is about 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) from Guna on Guna to Aron road on the bank of Chapet river around 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) south-west of Guna city. It spreads over 72 bighas of land on a high hill. The fort was built in 16-17th century by Khichi (Chauhan) rulers of Gagron state. It came under Raghogarh state. During Akbar’s[which?] time, it was the headquarters of a mahal of the Chanderi Sarkar. During the reign of Raja Jai Singh, Daulatrao Scindia sent his General, John Baptiste to attack the fort in 1816 A.D. Raja Jai Singh was defeated and the fort was destroyed. The Bajrangarh fort had four gates in four directions. inside the fort Moti Mahal, Rangmahal,Ram Mandir, Bajrang Mandir, are still intact exist there. There is a big step well inside the complex that was used for storing drinking water for the horses. The fort also has an ancient temple which is frequented by local inhabitants.It is believed to have been constructed by the Maratha rulers in 1775.
4. Jainagarh - Akhil Bhartiya Shri 1008 Shantinath Digambar Jain Punyodaya Atishay teerth kshetra (Jainagarh) is one of the biggest Teerth Kshetra (Pilgrim) of the Jain Community, the temple here is almost of 12th century, which was destructed by muslim invaders, however the muslim invaders miracculosly unable to touch the Idol of shantinath which is still present here. This place is one of the most famous place of Jain Community.
5. Bees Bhuja Devi- About 8 km from the city. The deity is said to have 20 arms (thus name bees bhuja). It is said that ordinarily no one can count twenty arms of the goddess, and every time counting will give a different number. One who counts 20 arms corrently is said to have special blessings of the goddess.
6. Christ The King Church - Situated in the city center Christ the king church is the place of worship for Catholics. Sunday Mass is offered for the public. The church comes under the Sagar diocese.
All national festivals, Holi, Diwali, Mahashivratri, Shri Krishna Janmashtami, Ramnavami, Makara Sankranti, Eid-ul-Fitr, Christmas, Rakshabandhan, Mahavir jayanti, Hanuman jayanti, Buddha Poornima,Guru Nanak Jayanti, Sant Ravidas and Ghasiram Jayanti and other local ones such as Nag-Panchmi, Shreenath Mahadji Maharaj Punyatithi, Gangaur, Teej, Gudi Padwa (Marathi New Year), Navratri, Durga Puja are celebrated with equal enthusiasm. Last decade has seen a rise in the celebration of events.
Guna also celebrates Rang Panchami quite differently. This festival is celebrated five days after Dulendi or Holi. This is also celebrated like Dulendi, but colours are mixed with water and then either sprinkled or poured on others.
A Glimpse of Bengal can be seen in the City of Guna .During the Durga puja celebrations several cultural events are organized and is celebrated on a large scale. Thousands of people daily visits the puja pandal to get the blessings of Goddess Durga. Makar Sankranti is a 'Kite Festival' on 14 January each year, where people fly kites and compete to cut each other's kites in the sky.
Though Guna is very small nondescript town, it is still an important industrial centre. Some of the major industries are:
- National Fertilizers Limited, Vijaipur, nearly 30 km from the town on Agra-Mumbai Highway.
The Govt. of India, in 1984, entrusted the Company to execute the country’s first inland gas based fertilizer project of 7.26 lakh tonnes Urea capacity in District Guna of Madhya Pradesh and commercial production started from 01-07-1988.The company built and commissioned its Vijaipur plant in Guna district of Madhya Pradesh. The plant's capacity was doubled to 1.45 million tonnes in 1997. NFL was granted the Mini-Navratna status with additional autonomy due to its profitable operations. In 2001, the company went public, with listings on the Bombay Stock Exchange and the National Stock Exchange.
Vijaipur unit received “Green Tech safety award 2009” in Fertilizer sector from Green Tech Foundation, New Delhi. For best safety practices. Vijaipur unit has also been awarded cash prize of Rupees one lakh & Certificate of Honour during the year by Department of Commercial Tax, Government of Madhya Pradesh for Best Tax Payer for 2007-08. Vijaipur unit also received Second Award for Bio-Fertilizers in manufacturing sector for the year 2006-07 from National Productivity Council, New Delhi. Vijaipur unit & Panipat Unit also received National Safety Awards. Bathinda unit received First prize for achieving largest reduction in Accident Frequency Rate in Chemical Industry for the year 2009 from Punjab Industrial Safety Council, Chandigarh.
NFL is engaged in manufacturing and marketing of Urea, Neem Coated Urea, Bio-Fertilizers (solid & liquid) and other allied Industrial products like Ammonia, Nitric Acid, Ammonium Nitrate, Sodium Nitrite, Sodium Nitrate etc.
The value-added Neem Coated Urea developed by NFL & widely recognized for its effectiveness is being produced at its three units at Panipat, Bathinda & Vijaipur. NFL is the first company in India to be permitted by the Government of India to produce and market Neem Coated Urea.
NFL manufactures and markets three types of Bio-Fertilizers namely Rhizobium, Phosphate Solubilising Bacteria (PSB) and Azetobactor. Starting with a mere 23 MT production in 1995-96, the production has risen to 231 MT (Approx) in 2010-11.
- Gas Authority of India Limited, Vijaipur, nearly 35 km on Agra-Mumbai Highway.
'GAIL (India) Limited is the largest state-owned natural gas processing and distribution company in India, It is headquartered in New Delhi. It has following business segments: Natural Gas, Liquid Hydrocarbon, Liquefied petroleum gas Transmission, Petrochemical, City Gas Distribution, Exploration and Production, GAILTEL and Electricity Generation. GAIL has been conferred with the Maharatna status on 1 Feb 2013, by the Government of India. Only six other Public Sector Enterprises (PSEs) enjoy this coveted status amongst all central CPSEs. GAIL has been listed in the 131st position among India's Most Trusted brands according to the Brand Trust Report 2014, a study conducted by Trust Research Advisory.'
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Guna
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- "India's Most Trusted brands 2014".