Gunmetal

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For other uses, see Gunmetal (disambiguation).
Gunmetal parts

Gunmetal, also known as red brass in the United States, is a type of bronze – an alloy of copper, tin and zinc. Proportions vary by source, [1][2]but 88% copper, 8-10% tin and 2-4% zinc is an approximation. Originally used chiefly for making guns, it was eventually superseded in this department by steel. Gunmetal, which casts and machines well and is resistant to corrosion from steam and salt water,[3] is used to make steam and hydraulic castings, valves, gears, statues and various small objects, such as buttons. It has a tensile strength of 221 to 310 MPa, a specific gravity of 8.7, a density 8,719 kg/m3, and a Brinell hardness of 65 to 74.

Variants[edit]

  • Gunmetal ingot is a related alloy where the zinc is replaced by 2% lead; this makes the alloy easier to cast but it has less strength.[4]
  • Modified gunmetal contains lead in addition to the zinc; it is typically composed of 86% copper, 9.5% tin, 2.5% lead and 2% zinc. It is used for gears and bearings.[4]
  • U.S. Government bronze specification G C90500 is composed of 88% copper, 10% tin and 2% zinc.
  • G bronze (or Copper Alloy No. C90300) contains 88% copper, 8% tin and 4% zinc.[4][5]
  • U.S. Government bronze specification H is composed of 83% copper, 14% tin, 3% zin and 0.8% phosphorus.[citation needed]
  • Red brass is used to produce pipes, valves and plumbing fixtures and is considered to offer a good mixture of corrosion resistance, strength and ease of casting.[6] It typically contains 85% copper, 5% tin, 5% lead and 5% zinc.
  • Copper Alloy C23000, which is also known as red brass, contains 84-86% copper, 0.05% each iron and lead, with the balance being zinc.[7]

Gunmetal can also mean steel treated to simulate gunmetal bronze.[2] Bushings made of this metal are used in machinery.

Other uses[edit]

The Victoria Cross, Britain's highest award for military valour, is traditionally made using gunmetal from a cannon captured at the Siege of Sevastopol during the Crimean War.

The British Gwalior Star medal, awarded to the British participants in the 1843 campaign against the Scindias, is made from guns captured at the Battles of Maharajpur and Punniar, during the Gwalior Campaign.

Gun money, Irish late 17th century emergency coins, contain gunmetal, as worn and scrapped guns were used to make them; but also many other metals, in particular brass and bronze, as people donated pots and pans and other metal objects.

Color[edit]

Gunmetal
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #536267
sRGBB  (rgb) (83, 98, 103)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (19, 5, 0, 60)
Source [Unsourced]
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Gunmetal as a color is entirely different to the reddish alloy of the same name described above. It is a shade of grey that has a bluish purplish tinge.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Gunmetal". Retrieved 2008-04-09. 
  2. ^ a b "Gunmetal". Retrieved 2008-04-09. 
  3. ^ "Gunmetal". Retrieved 2008-04-09. 
  4. ^ a b c Brady, George Stuart; Henry R. Clauser; John A. Vaccari (2002). Materials Handbook. McGraw-Hill Professional. pp. 468–469. ISBN 0-07-136076-X. 
  5. ^ "C90300 Bronze Navy G - CDA 903". Anchor Bronze & Metals, Inc. 
  6. ^ Ammen, C.W. (2000). Metalcasting. McGraw-Hill Professional. p. 133. ISBN 0-07-134246-X. 
  7. ^ "C23000 Copper Alloys [Red Brass, C230] Material Property Data Sheet". Metal Suppliers Online.