Gunnislake

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Gunnislake
The Cornish Inn, Gunnislake - geograph.org.uk - 1383076.jpg
The Cornish Inn
Gunnislake is located in Cornwall
Gunnislake
Gunnislake
Gunnislake shown within Cornwall
OS grid referenceSX432717
Civil parish
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townGUNNISLAKE
Postcode districtPL18
Dialling code01822
PoliceDevon and Cornwall
FireCornwall
AmbulanceSouth Western
EU ParliamentSouth West England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Cornwall
50°31′27″N 4°12′48″W / 50.5242°N 4.2133°W / 50.5242; -4.2133Coordinates: 50°31′27″N 4°12′48″W / 50.5242°N 4.2133°W / 50.5242; -4.2133

Gunnislake (Cornish: Dowrgonna[1]) is a large village in east Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. It is situated in the Tamar Valley approximately ten miles (16 km) north of Plymouth[2]

Gunnislake is in the civil parish of Calstock and is close to Cornwall's border with Devon which follows the course of the River Tamar. It has an electoral ward in its own name which includes much of Calstock and the surrounding area. The population at the 2011 census was 4,574[3]

The village has a history of mining although this industry is no longer active in the area. During the mining boom in Victorian times more than 7000 people were employed in the mines of the Tamar Valley[citation needed]. During this period Gunnislake was held in equal standing amongst the richest mining areas in Europe[citation needed].

History[edit]

Newbridge

There has recently been discovered a significant Roman fort on the outskirts of Calstock, the largest known Roman site in Cornwall[4] and the famous painting by Turner 'Crossing the Brook' exhibited in 1815 is in fact a view of Newbridge. Newbridge was built c. 1520: it is 182 feet long and has seven arches. It is built of large regular granite blocks and is considered by Sir Nikolaus Pevsner to be the best of the Cornish granite bridges.[5]

Gunnislake Clitters Engine House

Gunnislake's development was primarily due to the dramatic increase in mining and industrial activity in the nineteenth century. Mining provided around 7000 jobs at its peak in 1862. Most mining activity ceased in the late nineteenth century which has bequeathed interest for archaeologists and students of industrial heritage. As well as mining, other industry such as brickworks and quarries were present. Nearby, locations such as Kit Hill, Morwellham Quay, Cotehele and Calstock were mined and quarried and the Tamar was used for transporting the raw material obtained from the works. Arsenic was produced at Greenhill, Gunnislake until at least 1930.

A church dedicated to St Anne was consecrated by Edward Benson, the Bishop of Truro in 1880.[6]

Geography[edit]

New Tamar Bridge and Toll House

The area is mainly residential with a small handful of businesses ranging from pubs to garages and small shops. Gunnislake is located in the Tamar Valley designated Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty, though some recent industrial development has been attempted and achieved. Within early 2006 Hingston Down Quarry installed a new asphalt production tower which is easily noticeable as it is proud of the skyline of Gunnislake.

Since 2001, the village has annually hosted its own festival, encompassing a variety of events throughout a week-long celebration.[7]

There is a King George's Field in memorial to King George V located in lower Gunnislake. It is also the home of Gunnislake Football Club.

St. Annes, Gunnislake[edit]

The land was bought on the 29th January 1879. The total cost of the building was £2,400 of which the Duke of Bedford gave £500 and the Church building society gave £200. The foundations stone of the church were laid by the Dowager Countess of Mount Edgcumbe, at 3pm on Tuesday, 30th September 1879. The building was designed by Mr J Piers St Aubyn and was consecrated by Edward Benson, the Bishop of Truro in 1880. It was dedicated to St. Anne because of a ancient local Holy Well, close by the site of the church. The Church seats up to 225 worshippers In 1918 Gunnislake appealed to become its own separate parish, but fail to raise the necessary funds.

Transport[edit]

Gunnislake Station.

Gunnislake railway station is the northern terminus of the Tamar Valley Line, which connects the villages of the Tamar valley with the city of Plymouth. (See also Plymouth, Devonport and South Western Junction Railway.) Gunnislake is now the terminus of the line but until 1966 it continued north to Callington. In 1994 the station was resited to remove a low road bridge.

Contentiously debated in the local press, the future of Gunnislake's rail-link with Plymouth has, in recent years, come under threat by the proposed re-establishment of a disused railway line between Tavistock and Plymouth.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Cornish Language - Cornwall Council". Magakernow.org.uk. 2017-02-13. Retrieved 2017-03-16.
  2. ^ Ordnance Survey: Landranger map sheet 201 Plymouth & Launceston ISBN 978-0-319-23146-3
  3. ^ "Gunnislake electoral ward 2011 census". Ukcensusdata.com. Retrieved 6 February 2015.
  4. ^ "Research projects - Calstock Roman fort - Archaeology - University of Exeter". Humanities.exeter.ac.uk. Retrieved 2017-03-16.
  5. ^ Pevsner, N. (1970) Cornwall; 2nd ed. Harmondsworth: Penguin; p. 77
  6. ^ "Local News". The Cornishman (122). 11 November 1880. p. 7.
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-03-04. Retrieved 2012-03-08.

External links[edit]