Gunwalloe

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Coordinates: 50°03′14″N 5°16′44″W / 50.054°N 5.279°W / 50.054; -5.279

Gunwalloe in relation to neighbouring parishes

Gunwalloe (Cornish: Gwynnwalow) is a coastal civil parish and a village in Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. It is situated on the Lizard Peninsula three miles (5 km) south of Helston and partly contains The Loe,[1] the largest natural freshwater lake in Cornwall.

Gunwalloe lies within the Cornwall Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB). Almost a third of Cornwall has AONB designation, with the same status and protection as a National Park.

History[edit]

Gunwalloe may be said to be the first entry in the Domesday Book as the King's manor of Winnianton is the first entry for Cornwall. At the time of Domesday it was of great importance and the head manor in the hundred of Kerrier. The parish church was originally a manorial church of this manor but in the 13th century it became a chapelry of Breage. The church of Saint Winwaloe was rebuilt in the 14th to 15th century but the tower (a separate older building which belonged to the earlier church) is perhaps 13th century.[2][3]

In Domesday Book there were in Winnianton 15 hides, land for 60 ploughs; the lord (King William) had 2 ploughs; 24 villagers, 41 freedmen, 33 smallholders, 14 serfs; half a sq league of woodland; 6 acres (24,000 m2) of meadow; 8 sq leagues of pasture; three kinds of livestock, in total 145 beasts. 11 of the hides are held by the Count of Mortain and there is more arable and pasture and 13 more persons are recorded.[4]

Common surnames in Gunwalloe Parish[edit]

According UK Census

Freeman, Lukies, Dale, Hendy, Oppy, Hocking, Cuttance, Mitchell, Harry, Rowe, Tippet, Lugg, Hodge, Cornish, Oats, Jewell, James, Hill, Williams, Bray, Jose, Basher, Brown, Caddy, Paull.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ordnance Survey: Landranger map sheet 203 Land's End ISBN 978-0-319-23148-7
  2. ^ Cornish Church Guide (1925) Truro: Blackford; p. 105
  3. ^ Pevsner, N. (1970) Cornwall; 2nd ed. Penguin; pp. 75-76
  4. ^ Thorn, C. et al. (eds.) (1979) Cornwall. Chichester: Phillimore; entry 1,1