civil parish and village
Gunwalloe in relation to neighbouring parishes
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
Gunwalloe (Cornish: Gwynnwalow) is a coastal civil parish and a village in Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. It is situated on the Lizard Peninsula three miles (4.8 km) south of Helston and partly contains The Loe, the largest natural freshwater lake in Cornwall. The parish population including Berepper at the 2011 census was 219.
Gunwalloe is considered to be the first entry for Cornwall in the Domesday Book, given that the King's manor of Winnianton is the first listing, which at the time of writing was the head manor in the hundred of Kerrier. The parish church was originally a manorial church of this manor but in the 13th century it became a chapelry of Breage. The Church of Saint Winwaloe was rebuilt in the 14th to 15th century but the tower (a separate older building which belonged to the earlier church) is perhaps 13th century.
Gunwalloe's pilchard seine fishery was auctioned on 19 January 1884. Items for sale included the Good Templar stop seine, a tuck seine, a seine boat, a cock boat, anchors, warps, ropes and tarpaulins.
National and archaeological significance
Gunwalloe is home to a number of listed buildings, such as the Church of Saint Winwaloe and Rose Cottage. The wreck of what is thought to be a seventeenth-century armored cargo vessel identified as an English East Indiaman lies off Fishing Cove, one of Gunwalloe's three major beaches. The ship was supposedly on her return journey laden with an extremely valuable cargo of spices, indigo, drugs, Indian piece goods and 100 long tons (100 t) of pepper, when she was stranded near Loe Bar. Historical evidence indicates that salvage took place soon after the wrecking. Another wreck in 1525, that of the St Antony, carrying the King of Portugal's bullion, plate and silver. 45 sailors survived the wreck and for two days were helped by local people to salvage the treasure. Whereupon, three local magistrates attacked them and carried off more than £10,000 worth of goods. A legal battle ensued in the Court of Star Chamber.
References and notes
- Location of Gunwalloe naturist beach
- Ordnance Survey: Landranger map sheet 203. ISBN 978-0-319-23148-7.
- "parish population 2011 census". Retrieved 10 February 2015.
- "Cornwall AONB". Archived from the original on 29 August 2013. Retrieved 13 August 2016.
- Cornish church guide 1925, p. 105.
- Henderson 1964, p. 77.
- Pevsner & Radcliffe 1970, pp. 75-76.
- "Pilchard Seines, At Mullion And Gunwalloe, For Sale". The Cornishman (288). 17 January 1884. p. 1.
- "Gunwalloe, St Winwaloe". Retrieved 4 October 2015.
- "Rose Cottage". Retrieved 4 October 2015.
- Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1000076)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 4 October 2015.
- Cathryn J. Pearce (2010). Cornish Wrecking, 1700-1860: Reality and Popular Myth. Boydell & Brewer. p. 55. ISBN 978-1-84383-555-4.
- "Cornwall Archaeological Society". Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 16 August 2015.
- Smallcombe, Mike (19 July 2016). "There are plenty of nudist beaches around Cornwall..." West Briton. Retrieved 20 July 2016.
- "Berepper Beach (Loe Bar), Gunwalloe Cove, near Helston". Naturism in Cornwall. 29 September 2015. Retrieved 22 July 2016.
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