Gunwalloe in relation to neighbouring parishes
Gunwalloe shown within Cornwall
|OS grid reference|
Gunwalloe (Cornish: Gwynnwalow) is a coastal civil parish and a village in Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. It is situated on the Lizard Peninsula three miles (5 km) south of Helston and partly contains The Loe, the largest natural freshwater lake in Cornwall. The parish population at the 2011 census was 272.
Gunwalloe lies within the Cornwall Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB). Almost a third of Cornwall has AONB designation, with the same status and protection as a National Park.
Gunwalloe may be said to be the first entry in the Domesday Book as the King's manor of Winnianton is the first entry for Cornwall. At the time of Domesday it was of great importance and the head manor in the hundred of Kerrier. The parish church was originally a manorial church of this manor but in the 13th century it became a chapelry of Breage. The church of Saint Winwaloe was rebuilt in the 14th to 15th century but the tower (a separate older building which belonged to the earlier church) is perhaps 13th century.
In Domesday Book there were in Winnianton 15 hides, land for 60 ploughs; the lord (King William) had 2 ploughs; 24 villagers, 41 freedmen, 33 smallholders, 14 serfs; half a sq league of woodland; 6 acres (24,000 m2) of meadow; 8 sq leagues of pasture; three kinds of livestock, in total 145 beasts. 11 of the hides are held by the Count of Mortain and there is more arable and pasture and 13 more persons are recorded.
Gunwalloe is home to a number of listed buildings, such as the Church of Saint Winwaloe and Rose Cottage. The wreck of what is thought to be a seventeenth-century armored cargo vessel identified as an English East Indiaman lies off of Fishing Cove, one of Gunwalloe's three major beaches. The ship was supposedly on her return journey laden with an "extremely valuable cargo of spices, indigo, drugs, Indian piece goods and 100 tons of pepper", when she was stranded near Loe Bar. Historical evidence indicates that salvage took place soon after the wrecking.
- Ordnance Survey: Landranger map sheet 203 Land's End ISBN 978-0-319-23148-7
- "parish population 2011 census". Retrieved 10 February 2015.
- Cornish Church Guide (1925) Truro: Blackford; p. 105
- Pevsner, N. (1970) Cornwall; 2nd ed. Penguin; pp. 75-76
- Thorn, C. et al. (eds.) (1979) Cornwall. Chichester: Phillimore; entry 1,1
- "Cornwall Archaeological Society". Retrieved 16 August 2015.
- "Gunwalloe, St Winwaloe".
- "Rose Cottage".
- "The National Heritage List".