Gunzenhausen

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Gunzenhausen
Protestant St. Mary's Church
Protestant St. Mary's Church
Coat of arms of Gunzenhausen
Location of Gunzenhausen within Weißenburg-Gunzenhausen district
GunzenhausenAbsbergAlesheimMuhr am SeeBergenBurgsalachDittenheimEttenstattHaundorfHeidenheimHöttingenLangenaltheimMarkt BerolzheimMeinheimNennslingenPappenheimPfofeldPolsingenSolnhofenTheilenhofenTreuchtlingenWeißenburg in BayernWestheimRaitenbuchPleinfeldGnotzheimEllingenDonau-RiesRoth (district)Ansbach (district)Eichstätt (district)Gunzenhausen in WUG.svg
About this image
Gunzenhausen is located in Germany
Gunzenhausen
Gunzenhausen
Gunzenhausen is located in Bavaria
Gunzenhausen
Gunzenhausen
Coordinates: 49°06′53″N 10°45′15″E / 49.11472°N 10.75417°E / 49.11472; 10.75417Coordinates: 49°06′53″N 10°45′15″E / 49.11472°N 10.75417°E / 49.11472; 10.75417
CountryGermany
StateBavaria
Admin. regionMittelfranken
DistrictWeißenburg-Gunzenhausen
Subdivisions14 Stadtteile
Government
 • Mayor (2020–26) Karl-Heinz Fitz[1] (CSU)
Area
 • Total82.73 km2 (31.94 sq mi)
Elevation
416 m (1,365 ft)
Population
 (2021-12-31)[2]
 • Total16,860
 • Density200/km2 (530/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
91710
Dialling codes09831
Vehicle registrationWUG, GUN
Websitegunzenhausen.de

Gunzenhausen (German pronunciation: [ɡʊnt͡sn̩ˈhaʊ̯zn̩] (listen); Bavarian: Gunzenhausn) is a town in the Weißenburg-Gunzenhausen district, in Bavaria, Germany. It is situated on the river Altmühl, 19 kilometres (12 mi) northwest of Weißenburg in Bayern, and 45 kilometres (28 mi) southwest of Nuremberg. Gunzenhausen is a nationally recognized recreation area. It is noted as being at one end of part of The Limes Germanicus, a Roman border wall, and a UNESCO World Heritage Site.[3]

History[edit]

Numerous excavations within the city of Gunzenhausen document that the area was occupied and there was a settlement in pre-historic time. In the year 90 the Romans expelled the Celts, occupied the inhabited areas north of the Danube, and expanded into the Gunzenhausen area. In the year 241 the Alemanni invaded the area and destroyed the fortress. A document from the year 823 supplies the first reliable written reference to Gunzenhausen.

Emperor Ludwig der Fromme conveyed the monastery "Gunzinhusir" to the High-monastery of Ellwangen. Later the "Truhendinger" and the "Oettinger" families became Lords of Gunzenhausen, and in 1368 Gunzenhausen came to the House of Hohenzollern. So the city received the right of holding fairs and was allowed to build city walls, towers and moat, as well as a large church. Gunzenhausen had a big Jewish community and a "Moorish" synagogue, built in 1882; the latter had its onion domes removed and was partially converted to "profane uses" during the Hitler regime, and by 1939 the town was declared Judenrein (free of Jews).[4]

In the 1970s eighteen municipalities were combined resulting in the city growing to about 17,000 inhabitants.

Gunzenhausen is mentioned in W. G. Sebald's collection of literary stories entitled The Emigrants (1992).[5]

International relations[edit]

Gunzenhausen is twinned with:

Transport[edit]

The town lies on the Treuchtlingen-Würzburg railway.

Local notables[edit]

Andreas Osiander 1544
Birth house Wilhelm Stählin

References[edit]

  1. ^ Liste der ersten Bürgermeister/Oberbürgermeister in kreisangehörigen Gemeinden, Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik, 15 July 2021.
  2. ^ "Tabelle 12411-003r Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes: Gemeinden, Stichtag" (in German). Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik. June 2022.
  3. ^ "Franconian Lake Region". Franken Tourismus. Retrieved 23 March 2018.
  4. ^ "The Synagogue of Gunzenhausen 1882 - 1938" Jüdisches Leben En Gunzenhausen website
  5. ^ W. G. Sebald, The Emigrants; transl. Michael Huse. New York: The New Directions, 1996, 50‒54.