Guo Zongxun

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Guo Zongxun
Emperor Gong of (Later) Zhou (more...)
3rd and last Emperor of Later Zhou
Reign 28 July 959 – 3 February 960[1]
Predecessor Guo Rong (Emperor Shizong), father
Regent Empress Dowager Fu, stepmother
Born (953-09-14)14 September 953
Chanzhou, Later Zhou[2] (today's Qingfeng County, Henan)
Died 973(aged 20)
Burial in today's Xinzheng, Henan 34°33′55.04″N 113°41′54.66″E / 34.5652889°N 113.6985167°E / 34.5652889; 113.6985167
Full name
Surname: Guō () or Chái ()
Given name: Zōngxùn ()
Era dates
Xiǎndé (), continued from Emperor Taizu and Emperor Shizong
Year 6: 11 February 959 – 30 January 960
Year 7: 31 January 960 – 19 January 961
Posthumous name
Emperor Gong (恭帝)
Father Chai Rong (Emperor Shizong)
Guo Zongxun
Traditional Chinese
Simplified Chinese

Guo Zongxun (郭宗訓) (14 September 953[2] – 973), also known by his posthumous name Gongdi (恭帝; "Emperor Gong"), was the third and last emperor of ancient China's short-lived Later Zhou during the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period. He reigned from July 959, when he succeeded his father Chai Rong, until February 960, when he was overthrown by general Zhao Kuangyin, who founded the Song Dynasty.

Gongdi was sent away with his mother to Xijing (西京). Despite assurance by Emperor Taizu that the Chai family would be treated with respect, Gongdi was killed in 973 by Xin Wenyue, an official trying to gain favour with the emperor. Upon hearing the news, Emperor Taizu ordered a period of mourning and buried the dethroned emperor next to Emperor Shizong's tomb.

Notes and references[edit]


Guo Zongxun
House of Chai (954–960)
Born: 953 Died: 973
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Emperor Shizong of Later Zhou
Emperor of the Later Zhou
Succeeded by
Emperor Taizu (Song Dynasty)