Gurabo, Puerto Rico

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Gurabo
Town and Municipality
Mountains of Gurabo
Mountains of Gurabo
Flag of Gurabo
Flag
Coat of arms of Gurabo
Coat of arms
Nicknames: 
El Pueblo de las Escaleras", "Puerta del Turismo del Sureste
Anthem: "En un valle rodeado por montañas nace un"
Map of Puerto Rico highlighting Gurabo Municipality
Map of Puerto Rico highlighting Gurabo Municipality
Coordinates: 18°15′16″N 65°58′23″W / 18.25444°N 65.97306°W / 18.25444; -65.97306Coordinates: 18°15′16″N 65°58′23″W / 18.25444°N 65.97306°W / 18.25444; -65.97306
Commonwealth Puerto Rico
Founded1815
Barrios
Government
 • MayorRosachely Rivera (NPP)
 • Senatorial dist.7 - Humacao
 • Representative dist.31,32
Area
 • Total28.28 sq mi (73.24 km2)
 • Land27.84 sq mi (72.11 km2)
 • Water0.44 sq mi (1.13 km2)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total45,369
 • Density1,600/sq mi (620/km2)
Demonym(s)Gurabeños
Time zoneUTC-4 (AST)
ZIP Code
00778
Area code(s)787/939
Major routesPR primary 30.svg PR urban primary 189.svg PR secondary 181.svg PR secondary 203.svg
Websitegurabopr.com

Gurabo (Spanish pronunciation: [ɡuˈɾaβo]) is a municipality in eastern Puerto Rico. It is located in the central eastern region, north of San Lorenzo; south of Trujillo Alto; east of Caguas; and west of Carolina and Juncos. Gurabo is spread over 9 barrios and Gurabo Pueblo (the downtown area and the administrative center of the city). It is part of the San Juan-Caguas-Guaynabo Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Gurabo's history dates as far back as the 17th century, when Gurabo was actually part of Caguas. Then, the area was known as Burabo. By 1700, transportation, medical and economic trouble were crippling the population of the Burabo area; traveling to Caguas' center for business and medical help was not easy and took hours. This led to many of Burabos citizens to seek for the area to gain autonomy.

It would be long, however, before Gurabo was separated from Caguas. The separation movement was brought forward by an 1812 meeting of all 168 family leaders in Gurabo, who decided to have Luis del Carmen Echevarría lead them in their quest for autonomic independence, based on the large number of residents in Burabo.

In 1815, Gurabo became a municipality. In 1822, the first Catholic church in town was erected. In 1903, the first Baptist church opened its doors in Gurabo town.

Gurabo is also known as "La Ciudad de las Escaleras", or "city of the stairs". Located in the town center, the stairs are about twenty two floors high, and they are painted in bright colors. They cross an important business area of Gurabo. Gurabo's mayor is Rosachely Rivera Santana.[1]

Hurricane Maria[edit]

The significant amount of rainfall from Hurricane Maria triggered numerous landslides in Gurabo on September 20, 2017.[2][3]

Geography[edit]

Gurabo is located on the east side of Puerto Rico.[4]

Bodies of water[edit]

Located in Gurabo are a number of rivers, streams, and unnamed creeks.[5] Rio Gurabo is in Gurabo and a portion of the Río Grande de Loíza runs through Gurabo.[6][7] In 2018, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers announced work would be done on Gurabo river.[1]

Barrios[edit]

Gurabo map with barrio subdivisions

Like all municipalities of Puerto Rico, Gurabo is subdivided into barrios. The municipal buildings, central square and large Catholic church are located in a small barrio referred to as "el pueblo", located near the center of the municipality.[8][9][10][11]

Sectors[edit]

Barrios (which are like minor civil divisions)[12] in turn are further subdivided into smaller local populated place areas/units called sectores (sectors in English). The types of sectores may vary, from normally sector to urbanización to reparto to barriada to residencial, among others.[13][14][15]

Special Communities[edit]

Comunidades Especiales de Puerto Rico (Special Communities of Puerto Rico) are marginalized communities whose citizens are experiencing a certain amount of social exclusion. A map shows these communities occur in nearly every municipality of the commonwealth. Of the 742 places that were on the list in 2014, the following barrios, communities, sectors, or neighborhoods were in Gurabo: El Cerro, Estancias de Hato Nuevo, and Villa Alegre.[16]

Economy[edit]

Agriculture[edit]

  • Dairy Farms

Industry[edit]

Manufacturing (metal, paper, plastics, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, textiles, electrical and electronic equipment, and electrical machinery)

Tourism[edit]

Landmarks and places of interest[edit]

Some landmarks and places of interest in Gurabo include:[17]

  • Centro de Exposición - Exhibition Center
  • El Cerro
  • Former City Hall and Clock
  • San José Parish
  • Luis Muñoz Marín Plaza
  • Hacienda Mirador - Mirador Estate
  • Loíza Lagoon
  • University of Turabo Museum
  • Cofresí Park

Culture[edit]

Festivals and events[edit]

Gurabo celebrates its patron saint festival in March. The Fiestas Patronales de San Jose is a religious and cultural celebration that generally features parades, games, artisans, amusement rides, regional food, and live entertainment.[4][18]

Other festivals and events celebrated in Gurabo include:

  • El Festival del Jodío, which roughly translates to the "Festival of the person who is down on their luck". The seventh annual fair was held in May, 2017. With the assistance of a local bank, funds are collected to help a person in the community with severe medical needs.[19]
  • Home Garden Festival (May)
  • Youth Festival (May)
  • Mapeyé Festival (October)

Sports[edit]

Gurabo has a baseball academy named Puerto Rico Baseball Academy and High School (PRBAHS).

Colegio Bautista de Gurabo (Sports: Volleyball, Soccer, Basketball, Softball, Track and Field.) colegiobautistadegurabo.com

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
19008,700
191011,13928.0%
192012,88215.6%
193015,09517.2%
194015,8705.1%
195016,3953.3%
196016,6031.3%
197018,28910.2%
198023,57428.9%
199028,73721.9%
200036,74327.9%
201045,36923.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[20]
1899 (shown as 1900)[21] 1910-1930[22]
1930-1950[23] 1960-2000[24] 2010[10]

In 2000, Gurabo had a population of 36,743 and in 2010 it had a population of 45,369.[25]

Government[edit]

Like all municipalities in Puerto Rico, Gurabo is administered by a mayor. The current mayor is Rosachely Rivera, from the New Progressive Party (PNP). Rivera was elected at the Gurabo mayor special election, 2017.

The city belongs to the Puerto Rico Senatorial district VII, which is represented by two Senators. In 2016, Miguel Laureano and José Luis Dalmau were elected as District Senators.[26]

Transportation[edit]

There are 20 bridges in Gurabo.[5]

Symbols[edit]

Flag[edit]

With eleven stripes, six green and five yellow, alternated, the yellow with the superior (top) edge indented forming a stairway.[17][27]

Coat of arms[edit]

In a green field resides a widened gold patriarchal cross. Below the bottom arm are two shields in silver. The one on the left has a fleur de lis and the one on the right three lilies with stems in a natural way. Three towers in gold crown the shield.[17][27]

Education[edit]

  • Turabo University
  • Puerto Rico Criminal Justice College- Gurabo campus (Puerto Rico Police Academy)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Canalizarán el Río Gurabo". Primera Hora (in Spanish). July 10, 2018. Archived from the original on 19 February 2019. Retrieved 18 February 2019.
  2. ^ "Preliminary Locations of Landslide Impacts from Hurricane Maria, Puerto Rico". USGS Landslide Hazards Program. USGS. Archived from the original on 2019-03-03. Retrieved 2019-03-03.
  3. ^ "Preliminary Locations of Landslide Impacts from Hurricane Maria, Puerto Rico" (PDF). USGS Landslide Hazards Program. USGS. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2019-03-03. Retrieved 2019-03-03.
  4. ^ a b "Gurabo Municipality". enciclopediapr.org. Fundación Puertorriqueña de las Humanidades (FPH).
  5. ^ a b "Gurabo Bridges". National Bridge Inventory Data. US Dept. of Transportation. Archived from the original on 20 February 2019. Retrieved 19 February 2019.
  6. ^ "Rios de Puerto Rico" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on October 23, 2008.
  7. ^ "Jacksonville District Navigable Waters Lists" (PDF). saj.usace.army.mil. SAJ. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2017-01-26. Retrieved 18 February 2019.
  8. ^ Picó, Rafael; Buitrago de Santiago, Zayda; Berrios, Hector H. Nueva geografía de Puerto Rico: física, económica, y social, por Rafael Picó. Con la colaboración de Zayda Buitrago de Santiago y Héctor H. Berrios. San Juan Editorial Universitaria, Universidad de Puerto Rico,1969. Archived from the original on 2018-12-26. Retrieved 2019-01-04.
  9. ^ Gwillim Law (20 May 2015). Administrative Subdivisions of Countries: A Comprehensive World Reference, 1900 through 1998. McFarland. p. 300. ISBN 978-1-4766-0447-3. Retrieved 25 December 2018.
  10. ^ a b Puerto Rico:2010:population and housing unit counts.pdf (PDF). U.S. Dept. of Commerce Economics and Statistics Administration U.S. Census Bureau. 2010. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2017-02-20. Retrieved 2019-01-04.
  11. ^ "Map of Gurabo at the Wayback Machine" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2018-03-24. Retrieved 2018-12-29.
  12. ^ "US Census Barrio-Pueblo definition". factfinder.com. US Census. Archived from the original on 13 May 2017. Retrieved 5 January 2019.
  13. ^ "Agencia: Oficina del Coordinador General para el Financiamiento Socioeconómico y la Autogestión (Proposed 2016 Budget)". Puerto Rico Budgets (in Spanish). Retrieved 28 June 2019.
  14. ^ Rivera Quintero, Marcia (2014), El vuelo de la esperanza: Proyecto de las Comunidades Especiales Puerto Rico, 1997-2004 (first ed.), San Juan, Puerto Rico Fundación Sila M. Calderón, ISBN 978-0-9820806-1-0
  15. ^ "Leyes del 2001". Lex Juris Puerto Rico (in Spanish). Retrieved 24 June 2020.
  16. ^ Rivera Quintero, Marcia (2014), El vuelo de la esperanza:Proyecto de las Comunidades Especiales Puerto Rico, 1997-2004 (Primera edición ed.), San Juan, Puerto Rico Fundación Sila M. Calderón, p. 273, ISBN 978-0-9820806-1-0
  17. ^ a b c "Gurabo Municipality - Municipalities | EnciclopediaPR".
  18. ^ J.D. (2006-05-02). "Gurabo". Link To Puerto Rico.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 2020-07-18.
  19. ^ "Celebran "Festival del Jodío" en Gurabo". Primera Hora (in Spanish). May 26, 2017. Archived from the original on October 29, 2019. Retrieved October 29, 2019.
  20. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  21. ^ "Report of the Census of Porto Rico 1899". War Department Office Director Census of Porto Rico. Archived from the original on July 16, 2017. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  22. ^ "Table 3-Population of Municipalities: 1930 1920 and 1910" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on August 17, 2017. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  23. ^ "Table 4-Area and Population of Municipalities Urban and Rural: 1930 to 1950" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on August 30, 2015. Retrieved September 21, 2014.
  24. ^ "Table 2 Population and Housing Units: 1960 to 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on July 24, 2017. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  25. ^ "Gurabo". Fact Finder US Census. Archived from the original on 2020-02-12. Retrieved 2006-07-16.
  26. ^ Elecciones Generales 2016: Escrutinio General Archived 2013-01-15 at the Wayback Machine on CEEPUR
  27. ^ a b "GURABO". LexJuris (Leyes y Jurisprudencia) de Puerto Rico (in Spanish). 19 February 2020. Archived from the original on 19 February 2020. Retrieved 17 September 2020.

External links[edit]