Gurabo, Puerto Rico

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Gurabo
Town and Municipality
Mountains of Gurabo, Puerto Rico.jpg
Flag of Gurabo
Flag
Nicknames: 
El Pueblo de las Escaleras", "Puerta del Turismo del Sureste
Anthem: "En un valle rodeado por montañas nace un"
Location of Gurabo in Puerto Rico
Location of Gurabo in Puerto Rico
Coordinates: 18°15′16″N 65°58′23″W / 18.25444°N 65.97306°W / 18.25444; -65.97306Coordinates: 18°15′16″N 65°58′23″W / 18.25444°N 65.97306°W / 18.25444; -65.97306
Commonwealth Puerto Rico
Founded1815
Government
 • MayorRosachely Rivera (NPP)
 • Senatorial dist.7 - Humacao
 • Representative dist.31,32
Area
 • Total73.24 km2 (28.28 sq mi)
 • Land72.11 km2 (27.84 sq mi)
 • Water1.13 km2 (0.44 sq mi)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total45,369
 • Density620/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Gurabeños
Time zoneUTC-4 (AST)
Zip code
00778
Area code787, 939
Major routesPR primary 30.svg PR urban primary 189.svg PR secondary 181.svg PR secondary 203.svg
Websitegurabopr.com

Gurabo (Spanish pronunciation: [ɡuˈɾaβo]) is a municipality in eastern Puerto Rico (U.S.) located in the central eastern region, north of San Lorenzo; south of Trujillo Alto; east of Caguas; and west of Carolina and Juncos. Gurabo is spread over 9 wards and Gurabo Pueblo (the downtown area and the administrative center of the city). It is part of the San Juan-Caguas-Guaynabo Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Gurabo's history dates as far back as the 17th century, when Gurabo was actually part of Caguas. Then, the area was known as Burabo. By 1700, transportation, medical and economic trouble were crippling the population of the Burabo area; traveling to Caguas' center for business and medical help was not easy and took hours. This led to many of Burabos citizens to seek for the area to gain autonomy.

It would be long, however, before Gurabo was separated from Caguas. The separation movement was brought forward by an 1812 meeting of all 168 family leaders in Gurabo, who decided to have Luis del Carmen Echevarría lead them in their quest for autonomic independence, based on the large number of residents in Burabo.

In 1815, Gurabo became a municipality. In 1822, the first Catholic church in town was erected. In 1903, the first Baptist church opened its doors in Gurabo town.

Gurabo is also known as "La Ciudad de las Escaleras", or "city of the stairs". Located in the town center, the stairs are about twenty two floors high, and they are painted in bright colors. They cross an important business area of Gurabo. Gurabo's mayor is Rosachely Rivera Santana.[1]

Geography[edit]

Gurabo[2] is located on the east side of Puerto Rico.

Hurricane Maria[edit]

Hurricane Maria on September 20, 2017 triggered numerous landslides in Gurabo with the significant amount of rainfall.[3][4]

Bodies of water[edit]

Located in Gurabo are a number of rivers, streams, and unnamed creeks.[5] Rio Gurabo is in Gurabo and a portion of the Río Grande de Loíza runs through Gurabo.[6][7] In 2018, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers announced work would be done on Gurabo river.[1]

Barrios[edit]

Like all municipalities of Puerto Rico, Gurabo is subdivided into barrios. The municipal buildings, central square and large Catholic church are located in a small barrio referred to as "el pueblo", located near the center of the municipality.[8][9][10][11]

Economy[edit]

Agriculture[edit]

  • Dairy Farms

Industry[edit]

Manufacturing (metal, paper, plastics, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, textiles, electrical and electronic equipment, and electrical machinery)

Special Communities Program[edit]

Spearheaded by then governor Sila María Calderón, Law 1-2001 was passed in 2001,[12] to identify Puerto Rico's marginalized communities.[13] In 2017, then governor Ricardo Rosselló created a new government agency to work with the Special Communities of Puerto Rico Program.[14][15] Of the 742 places on the list of Comunidades Especiales de Puerto Rico, the following barrios, communities, sectors, or neighborhoods were in Gurabo: El Cerro, Estancias de Hato Nuevo, and Villa Alegre.[16]

Tourism[edit]

Landmarks and places of interest[edit]

Some landmarks and places of interest in Gurabo include:[17]

  • Centro de Exposición - Exhibition Center
  • El Cerro
  • Former City Hall and Clock
  • San José Parish
  • Luis Muñoz Marín Plaza
  • Hacienda Mirador - Mirador Estate
  • Loíza Lagoon
  • University of Turabo Museum
  • Cofresí Park

Culture[edit]

Festivals and events[edit]

  • San José Patron Festivities - March
  • Mapeyé Festival - October
  • El Festival del Jodío, which roughly translates to the "Festival of the person who is down on their luck". The seventh annual fair was held in May, 2017. With the assistant of a local bank, funds are collected to help a person in the community with severe medical needs.[18]

Sports[edit]

Gurabo has a baseball academy named Puerto Rico Baseball Academy and High School (PRBAHS).

Colegio Bautista de Gurabo (Sports: Volleyball, Soccer, Basketball, Softball, Track and Field.) colegiobautistadegurabo.com

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
19008,700
191011,13928.0%
192012,88215.6%
193015,09517.2%
194015,8705.1%
195016,3953.3%
196016,6031.3%
197018,28910.2%
198023,57428.9%
199028,73721.9%
200036,74327.9%
201045,36923.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[19]
1899 (shown as 1900)[20] 1910-1930[21]
1930-1950[22] 1960-2000[23] 2010[10]

In 2000, Gurabo had a population of 36,743 and in 2010 it had a population of 45,369.[24]

Government[edit]

Like all municipalities in Puerto Rico, Gurabo is administered by a mayor. The current mayor is Rosachely Rivera, from the New Progressive Party (PNP). Rivera was elected at the Gurabo mayor special election, 2017.

The city belongs to the Puerto Rico Senatorial district VII, which is represented by two Senators. In 2016, Miguel Laureano and José Luis Dalmau were elected as District Senators.[25]

Transportation[edit]

There are 20 bridges in Gurabo.[5]

Symbols[edit]

The symbols of Gurabo are:[17]

Flag[edit]

With eleven stripes, six green and five yellow, alternated, the yellow with the superior (top) edge indented forming a stairway.

Coat of arms[edit]

In a green field resides a widened gold patriarchal cross. Below the bottom arm are two shields in silver. The one on the left has a fleur de lis and the one on the right three lilies with stems in a natural way. Three towers in gold crown the shield.

Education[edit]

  • Turabo University
  • Puerto Rico Criminal Justice College- Gurabo campus (Puerto Rico Police Academy)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Canalizarán el Río Gurabo". Primera Hora (in Spanish). July 10, 2018. Retrieved 18 February 2019.
  2. ^ "Gurabo Municipality - Municipalities - EnciclopediaPR". Fundación Puertorriqueña de las Humanidades (FPH).
  3. ^ "Preliminary Locations of Landslide Impacts from Hurricane Maria, Puerto Rico". USGS Landslide Hazards Program. USGS.
  4. ^ "Preliminary Locations of Landslide Impacts from Hurricane Maria, Puerto Rico" (PDF). USGS Landslide Hazards Program. USGS.
  5. ^ a b "Gurabo Bridges". National Bridge Inventory Data. US Dept. of Transportation. Retrieved 19 February 2019.
  6. ^ "Rios de Puerto Rico" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on October 23, 2008.
  7. ^ "Jacksonville District Navigable Waters Lists" (PDF). saj.usace.army.mil. SAJ. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2017-01-26. Retrieved 18 February 2019.
  8. ^ Picó, Rafael; Buitrago de Santiago, Zayda; Berrios, Hector H. Nueva geografía de Puerto Rico: física, económica, y social, por Rafael Picó. Con la colaboración de Zayda Buitrago de Santiago y Héctor H. Berrios. San Juan Editorial Universitaria, Universidad de Puerto Rico,1969.
  9. ^ Gwillim Law (20 May 2015). Administrative Subdivisions of Countries: A Comprehensive World Reference, 1900 through 1998. McFarland. p. 300. ISBN 978-1-4766-0447-3. Retrieved 25 December 2018.
  10. ^ a b Puerto Rico:2010:population and housing unit counts.pdf (PDF). U.S. Dept. of Commerce Economics and Statistics Administration U.S. Census Bureau. 2010.
  11. ^ "Map of Gurabo at the Wayback Machine" (PDF). Retrieved 2018-12-29.
  12. ^ "Leyes del 2001". Lex Juris Puerto Rico (in Spanish). Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  13. ^ "Comunidades Especiales de Puerto Rico" (in Spanish). 8 August 2011. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  14. ^ "Evoluciona el proyecto de Comunidades Especiales". El Nuevo Dia (in Spanish). 24 February 2017. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  15. ^ "Ya es ley Oficina para el Desarrollo Socioeconómico y Comunitario". El Vocero de Puerto Rico (in Spanish). Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  16. ^ Rivera Quintero, Marcia (2014), El vuelo de la esperanza:Proyecto de las Comunidades Especiales Puerto Rico, 1997-2004 (Primera edición ed.), San Juan, Puerto Rico Fundación Sila M. Calderón, p. 273, ISBN 978-0-9820806-1-0
  17. ^ a b "Gurabo Municipality - Municipalities | EnciclopediaPR".
  18. ^ "Celebran "Festival del Jodío" en Gurabo". Primera Hora (in Spanish). May 26, 2017.
  19. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  20. ^ "Report of the Census of Porto Rico 1899". War Department Office Director Census of Porto Rico. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  21. ^ "Table 3-Population of Municipalities: 1930 1920 and 1910" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  22. ^ "Table 4-Area and Population of Municipalities Urban and Rural: 1930 to 1950" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 21, 2014.
  23. ^ "Table 2 Population and Housing Units: 1960 to 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  24. ^ "Gurabo". Fact Finder US Census.
  25. ^ Elecciones Generales 2016: Escrutinio General Archived 2013-01-15 at the Wayback Machine on CEEPUR

External links[edit]