Gurdaspur district

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Gurdaspur district
Sujanpur Fort
Sujanpur Fort
Gurdaspur district
Location in Punjab
Coordinates: 31°55′N 75°15′E / 31.917°N 75.250°E / 31.917; 75.250Coordinates: 31°55′N 75°15′E / 31.917°N 75.250°E / 31.917; 75.250
Country India
StatePunjab
HeadquartersGurdaspur
Area
 • Total2,610 km2 (1,010 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[‡]
 • Total2,298,323
 • Density880/km2 (2,300/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialPunjabi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Vehicle CodePB 06,PB 18,PB 58,PB 85, PB 99
Literacy79.95%
Websitegurdaspur.nic.in

Gurdaspur district is a district in the Majha region of the state of Punjab, India. Gurdaspur is the district headquarters. It internationally borders Narowal District of the West Punjab, the East Punjab districts of Amritsar, Pathankot, Kapurthala and Hoshiarpur. Two main rivers Beas and Ravi passes through the district. The Mughal emperor Akbar is said to have been enthroned in a garden near Kalanaur, a historically important town in the district.[1] The district is at the foothills of the Himalayas.

As of 2011 it is the third most populous district of Punjab (out of 22), after Ludhiana and Amritsar.[2] Batala, with 31% of the district's population, is its largest city.

History[edit]

Coin of Dharaghosha, king of the Audumbaras, in the Indo-Greek style, from Gurdaspur district, circa 100 BC.[3]
Obv: Standing figure, probably of Vishvamitra, Kharoshthi legend, around: Mahadevasa Dharaghoshasa/Odumbarisa "Great Lord King Dharaghosha/Prince of Audumabara", across: Viçvamitra "Vishvamitra".
Rev: Trident battle-axe, tree with railing, Brahmi legend identical in content to the obverse.[3]

British Raj[edit]

Gurdwara Darbar Sahib Kartarpur, which commemorates the first Sikh commune founded by Guru Nanak on the right bank of Ravi, went to Pakistan in the Partition of India

During British Rule the district of Gurdaspur was a subdivision of Lahore Division, the district itself was administratively subdivided into four tehsils: Gurdaspur, Batala, Shakargarh and Pathankot. According to the 1881 census the population of the district was 823,695 this had risen by over 100,000 to 943,922 in the 1891 census. However the 1901 census recorded a fall in population – 940,334, this was largely due to emigration – some 44,000 settlers settling in Chenab colony. According to the 1901 census there were 463,371 Muslims (49%), 380,636 Hindus (over 40%) and 91,756 (10%) Sikhs. Mirza Ghulam Ahmad who founded the Ahmadiyya movement had followers here.[4]

During the partition of India in 1947 the future of Gurdaspur was highly contested. According to the 1941 census, the population of this district had a narrow 51.14% Muslim majority. Radcliffe Award of the boundary gave only the Shakargarh tehsil of the district to Pakistan, and the rest to India. The Muslim population of the eastern tehsils migrated to Pakistan as refugees, and the Hindus and Sikhs of Shakargarh migrated to Gurdaspur after crossing the Ravi Bridge. They settled and spread in the Gurdaspur district.

Inside India[edit]

On 27 July 2011 a part of district is carved out to form a new Pathankot district, which was earlier part of Gurdaspur. The Pathankot district comprises two sub-divisions of Pathankot and Dharkalan along with two sub-tehsils namely Narot Jaimal Singh and Bamial.

Geography[edit]

Location[edit]

The Gurdaspur district is in the north of Punjab state. It falls in the Jalandhar division and is sandwiched between rivers Ravi and Beas. The district lies between north-latitude 31°36' and 32°34' and east longitude 74°56' and 75°24' and shares common boundaries with Pathankot district in the north, Beas River in the north-east, Hoshiarpur district in the south-east, Kapurthala district in the south, Amritsar district in the south-west and Pakistan in the north-west.

Government and politics[edit]

Politics[edit]

No. Constituency Name of MLA Party Bench
4 Gurdaspur Barindermeet Singh Pahra Indian National Congress Opposition
5 Dina Nagar (SC) Aruna Chaudhary Indian National Congress Opposition
6 Qadian Partap Singh Bajwa Indian National Congress Opposition
7 Batala Amansher Singh (Shery Kalsi) Aam Aadmi Party Government
8 Sri Hargobindpur (SC) Amarpal Singh Aam Aadmi Party Government
9 Fatehgarh Churian Tripat Rajinder Singh Bajwa Indian National Congress Opposition
10 Dera Baba Nanak Sukhjinder Singh Randhawa Indian National Congress Opposition

Tehsil[edit]

Tehsil
Sr. No. Subdivision /Tehsil Inhabited Villages Uninhabited Villages Area(km2) Population Density Per km2
1. Gurdaspur 679 37 1,369 744,092 544
2. Batala 347 5 936 618,105 660
3. Dera Baba Nanak 131 6 305 115,660 379
4. Kalanaur
5. Dinanagar
Total 1,157 48 2,610 1,477,857 566

Sub Tehsils (Total : 7)[edit]

Sub-Tehsil
Sr. No. Sub Tehsil Name
1. Kahnuwan
2. Sri Hargobindpur
3. Qadian
4. Fatehgarh Churian
5. Dhariwal
6. Naushera Majha Singh
7. Dorangla

C.D. Blocks (Total : 11)[edit]

C.D. Blocks
Sr. No. Block Name
1. Gurdaspur
2. Kalanaur
3. Dhariwal
4. Kahnuwan
5. Dinanagar
6. Batala
7. Fatehgarh Churian
8. Dera Baba Nanak
9. Sri Hargobindpur
10. Qadian
11. Dorangla

Municipal Corporation (Nagar Nigam)[edit]

Municipal Corporation Name
Sr. No. Corporation Name
1. Batala

Municipal Councils[edit]

Municipal Name
Sr. No. Municipal Name
1. Gurdaspur
2. Dhariwal
3. Dinanagar
4. Sri Hargobindpur
5. Dera Baba Nanak
6. Fatehgarh Churian
7. Qadian

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901702,372—    
1911622,008−1.21%
1921634,394+0.20%
1931718,523+1.25%
1941854,968+1.75%
1951851,140−0.04%
1961980,868+1.43%
19711,229,464+2.28%
19811,513,435+2.10%
19911,756,732+1.50%
20012,103,455+1.82%
20112,298,323+0.89%
source:[5]

Languages of Gurdaspur (First Language) (2011)[6][7]

  Punjabi (98.27%)
  Others (1.73%)

Population[edit]

According to the 2011 census Gurdaspur district has a population of 2,298,323,[2] roughly equal to the nation of Latvia[8] or the US state of New Mexico.[9] This gives it a ranking of 196th in India (out of a total of 640).[2] The district has a population density of 649 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,680/sq mi).[2] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 9.3%.[2] Gurdaspur has a sex ratio of 895 females for every 1000 males,[2] and a literacy rate of 79.95%.[2]

After the separation of the Pathankot tehsil into a separate district in 2011, the residual district has a population of 1,621,725 of which 1,260,572 were rural and 361,153 were urban. Scheduled Castes have a population of 373,544 which is 23.03% of the population.

Languages[edit]

At the time of the 2011 census 98.27% of the population spoke Punjabi as their first language.[10]

Religion[edit]

Sikhism is the largest religion in the residual district with 950,016 (58.58%), while Hinduism is the second-largest with 476,095 (29.36%). Christians are the third-largest community with 169,295 (10.44%), the highest share of Christians in the state, and Muslims 13,350 (0.82%).[11] Before Partition, Gurdaspur had a Muslim plurality with a large Hindu minority and small Sikh and Christian population.

Religions in Gurdaspur district (2011)[11]
Religion Percent
Sikhism
58.58%
Hinduism
29.36%
Christianity
10.44%
Islam
0.82%
Other or not stated
0.80%
Religion in Gurdaspur District [a]
Religion Population (1941)[12]: 42  Percentage (1941) Population (2011)[11] Percentage (2011)
Islam 589,923 51.14% 27,667 1.2%
Hinduism 290,774 25.21% 1,074,332 46.74%
Sikhism 131,561 11.41% 1,002,874 43.64%
Christianity 50,262 4.36% 176,587 7.68%
Others [b] 90991 7.89% 16,863 0.73%
Total Population 1,153,511 100% 2,298,323 100%

Politics[edit]

Gurdaspur district is part of the Gurudaspur Assembly constituency.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "About District". gurdaspur.nic.in. Archived from the original on 2 August 2005. Retrieved 29 March 2018.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  3. ^ a b Ancient India, from the earliest times to the first century, A.D by Rapson, E. J. p.154 [1]
  4. ^ "Imperial Gazetteer2 of India, Volume 12, page 395 -- Imperial Gazetteer of India -- Digital South Asia Library". dsal.uchicago.edu. Retrieved 29 March 2018.
  5. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  6. ^ "Language – India, States and Union Territories" (PDF). Census of India 2011. Office of the Registrar General. pp. 13–14. Retrieved 19 October 2018.
  7. ^ "C-16 Population By Mother Tongue - Punjab". censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  8. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Archived from the original on 27 September 2011. Retrieved 1 October 2011. Latvia 2,204,708 July 2011 est.
  9. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 23 August 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011. New Mexico – 2,059,179
  10. ^ 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue
  11. ^ a b c "C-1 Population By Religious Community Data - Census 2011 - Punjab". censusindia.gov.in. Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India.
  12. ^ "CENSUS OF INDIA, 1941 VOLUME VI PUNJAB PROVINCE". Retrieved 21 July 2022.
  1. ^ 1941 and 2011 district borders are not an exact match as bifurcations created new districts that took into account population increases during the timeframe. This discrepancy can be seen in the district population history table which has taken into account the various bifurcations since 1941.
  2. ^ Including Jainism, Buddhism, Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Ad-Dharmis, or not stated

External links[edit]