The most important economic activities are cattle raising, commerce, and agriculture. The GDP in 2005 was R$72,537,000. Gurinhatã is in the top tier of municipalities in the state with regard to economic and social development. It is in a region of good soils, adequate rainfall, and abundance of surface water. As of 2007[update] there was 1 banking agency in the town. There was a small retail commerce serving the surrounding area of cattle and agricultural lands. In the rural area there were 1,014 establishments employing about 2,900 workers. 331 of the farms had tractors. There were 567 automobiles in all of the municipality. There were 148,000 head of cattle in 2006. The crops with a planted area of more than 100 hectares were rice, sugarcane, soybeans, and corn. 
Health and education
In the health sector there were 08 clinics and one hospital with 27 beds. In the educational sector there were 05 primary schools and 02 middle schools.
- Municipal Human Development Index: 0.758 (2000)
- State ranking: 230 out of 853 municipalities as of 2000[update]
- National ranking: 1,657 out of 5,138 municipalities as of 2000[update]
The highest ranking municipality in Minas Gerais in 2000 was Poços de Caldas with 0.841, while the lowest was Setubinha with 0.568. Nationally the highest was São Caetano do Sul in São Paulo with 0.919, while the lowest was Setubinha. In more recent statistics (considering 5,507 municipalities) Manari in the state of Pernambuco has the lowest rating in the country—0,467—putting it in last place.