Gurmukhi (Unicode block)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Gurmukhi
RangeU+0A00..U+0A7F
(128 code points)
PlaneBMP
ScriptsGurmukhi
Major alphabetsPunjabi
Assigned80 code points
Unused48 reserved code points
Source standardsISCII
Unicode version history
1.0.074 (+74)
1.0.175 (+1)
4.077 (+2)
5.179 (+2)
11.080 (+1)
Note: [1][2][3]

Gurmukhi is a Unicode block containing characters for the Punjabi language, as it is written in India. In its original incarnation, the code points U+0A02..U+0A4C were a direct copy of the Gurmukhi characters A2-EC from the 1988 ISCII standard. The Devanagari, Bengali, Gujarati, Oriya, Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, and Malayalam blocks were similarly all based on their ISCII encodings.

Block[edit]

Gurmukhi[1][2]
Official Unicode Consortium code chart (PDF)
  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F
U+0A0x
U+0A1x
U+0A2x
U+0A3x ਿ
U+0A4x
U+0A5x
U+0A6x
U+0A7x
Notes
1.^ As of Unicode version 12.0
2.^ Grey areas indicate non-assigned code points

History[edit]

The following Unicode-related documents record the purpose and process of defining specific characters in the Gurmukhi block:

Version Final code points[a] Count UTC ID L2 ID WG2 ID Document
1.0.0 U+0A02, 0A05..0A0A, 0A0F..0A10, 0A13..0A28, 0A2A..0A30, 0A32..0A33, 0A35..0A36, 0A38..0A39, 0A3C, 0A3E..0A42, 0A47..0A48, 0A4B..0A4C, 0A59..0A5C, 0A5E, 0A66..0A74 74 UTC/1991-056 Whistler, Ken, Indic Charts: Devanagari, Bengali, Gurmukhi, Gujarati, Oriya, Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Malayalam
UTC/1991-057 Whistler, Ken, Indic names list
UTC/1991-048B Whistler, Ken (1991-03-27), "III. L. Walk In proposals", Draft Minutes from the UTC meeting #46 day 2, 3/27 at Apple
L2/01-303 Vikas, Om (2001-07-26), Letter from the Government from India on "Draft for Unicode Standard for Indian Scripts"
L2/01-304 Feedback on Unicode Standard 3.0, 2001-08-02
L2/01-305 McGowan, Rick (2001-08-08), Draft UTC Response to L2/01-304, "Feedback on Unicode Standard 3.0"
L2/01-430R McGowan, Rick (2001-11-20), UTC Response to L2/01-304, “Feedback on Unicode Standard 3.0”
L2/05-371R Sidhu, Sukhjinder (2005-11-30), Gurmukhi annotations
1.0.1 U+0A4D 1 (to be determined)
4.0 U+0A01, 0A03 2 L2/01-431R[b] McGowan, Rick (2001-11-08), Actions for UTC and Editorial Committee in response to L2/01-430R
L2/01-405R Moore, Lisa (2001-12-12), "Consensus 89-C19", Minutes from the UTC/L2 meeting in Mountain View, November 6-9, 2001, Accept the twelve Indic characters with names and coding positions as documented in L2/01-431R
L2/02-117 N2425 McGowan, Rick (2002-03-21), Additional Characters for Indic Scripts
L2/03-102 Vikas, Om (2003-03-04), Unicode Standard for Indic Scripts
L2/03-101.4 Proposed Changes in Indic Scripts [Gurmukhi document], 2003-03-04
5.1 U+0A51 1 L2/05-088R Sidhu, Sukhjinder (2005-04-21), Proposed Changes to Gurmukhi
L2/05-167 Sidhu, Sukhjinder (2005-08-01), Proposed Changes to Gurmukhi 2
L2/05-344 Sidhu, Sukhjinder (2005-10-27), Proposed changes to Gurmukhi 3
L2/05-384 Sidhu, Sukhjinder (2005-12-18), Proposal to encode Gurmukhi 3
L2/06-020 McGowan, Rick (2006-01-25), Public Review Issue #82: Representation of Gurmukhi Double Vowels
L2/06-030 Sidhu, Sukhjinder (2006-01-27), "E", Proposed Changes to Gurmukhi 4
U+0A75 1 L2/06-037 Sidhu, Sukhjinder (2006-04-07), Proposal to encode Gurmukhi Sign Yakash
L2/16-294 Singh, Sarabveer (2016-10-27), Changes to Gurmukhi 10
L2/16-302 Sharma, Shriramana (2016-10-28), Feedback on L2/16-294 on Gurmukhi
L2/16-327 McGowan, Rick (2016-11-07), "Feedback on L2/16-294 (Gurmukhi)", Comments on Public Review Issues (July 27 - Nov 7, 2016)
L2/16-325 Moore, Lisa (2016-11-18), "D.4 (later rescinded)", UTC #149 Minutes
L2/16-380 Singh, Manvir (2016-12-09), Feedback on L2/16-294
L2/16-384 Singh, Sarabveer (2016-12-13), Feedback on L2/16-380
L2/17-037 Anderson, Deborah; Whistler, Ken; Pournader, Roozbeh; Glass, Andrew; Iancu, Laurențiu; Moore, Lisa; Liang, Hai; Ishida, Richard; Misra, Karan; McGowan, Rick (2017-01-21), "5. Gurmukhi", Recommendations to UTC #150 January 2017 on Script Proposals
11.0 U+0A76 1 L2/16-209R A, Srinidhi; A, Sridatta (2016-07-25), Proposal to Encode an Abbreviation Sign for Gurmukhi
  1. ^ Proposed code points and characters names may differ from final code points and names
  2. ^ See also L2/01-303, L2/01-304, L2/01-305, and L2/01-430R

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Unicode 1.0.1 Addendum" (PDF). The Unicode Standard. 1992-11-03. Retrieved 2016-07-09.
  2. ^ "Unicode character database". The Unicode Standard. Retrieved 2016-07-09.
  3. ^ "Enumerated Versions of The Unicode Standard". The Unicode Standard. Retrieved 2016-07-09.