Gurren Lagann

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"Lagann" redirects here. It is not to be confused with Lagaan.
Gurren Lagann
275
The logo of Gurren Lagann
天元突破グレンラガン
(Tengen Toppa Guren Ragan)
Genre Action, Adventure, Comedy-drama, Mecha
Anime television series
Directed by Hiroyuki Imaishi
Written by Kazuki Nakashima
Music by Taku Iwasaki
Studio Gainax
Licensed by
Anime Limited
Network TXN (TV Tokyo), BS Japan, AT-X
English network
Original run April 1, 2007September 30, 2007
Episodes 27 (List of episodes)
Manga
Written by Kazuki Nakashima
Illustrated by Kotaro Mori
Published by ASCII Media Works
English publisher
Demographic Shōnen
Magazine Dengeki Comic Gao! (former)
Dengeki Daioh
Original run June 2007July 2013
Volumes 10
Light novel
Written by Kurasumi Sunayama
Illustrated by Hiroki Shinagawa
Published by Shogakukan
Demographic Male
Imprint Gagaga Bunko
Original run August 17, 2007December 19, 2008
Volumes 4
Game
Developer Konami
Publisher Konami
Platform Nintendo DS
Released October 25, 2007
Manga
Tengen Toppa Gurren Lagann: Gurren Gakuen-hen
Written by Ashi Zaitsu
Illustrated by Kabao Kikkawa
Published by Kadokawa Shoten
Demographic Seinen
Magazine Comp Ace
Original run August 26, 2008January 26, 2009
Volumes 1
Anime film
Gurren Lagann The Movie: Childhood's End
Directed by Hiroyuki Imaishi
Studio Gainax
Licensed by
Anime Limited
Released September 6, 2008
Runtime 112 minutes
Anime film
Gurren Lagann The Movie: The Lights in the Sky are Stars
Directed by Hiroyuki Imaishi
Studio Gainax
Licensed by
Anime Limited
Released April 25, 2009
Runtime 126 minutes
Portal icon Anime and Manga portal

Gurren Lagann, known in Japan as Tengen Toppa Gurren Lagann (天元突破グレンラガン Tengen Toppa Guren Ragan?, lit., "Pierce the heavens Gurren Lagann"), is a Japanese mecha anime television series animated by Gainax and co-produced by Aniplex and Konami. It ran for twenty-seven episodes on Japan's TV Tokyo between April 1, 2007 and September 30, 2007. It was directed by Hiroyuki Imaishi, written by veteran playwright Kazuki Nakashima and had been in development since the participation of the famed animator in the Abenobashi mecha themed episodes by the same studio. Gurren Lagann takes place in a fictional future where Earth is ruled by the Spiral King, Lordgenome, who forces mankind to live in isolated subterranean villages. The plot focuses on two teenagers living in a subterranean village, Simon and Kamina, who wish to go to the surface. Using a mecha known as Lagann, Simon and Kamina reach the surface and start fighting alongside other humans against Lordgenome's forces.

Although initially announced to be licensed in North America by ADV Films in 2007, the license was transferred to Bandai Entertainment in 2008,[1] and then Aniplex of America later acquired the North American license in 2013. The series was also announced for a UK release by ADV Films in 2007, followed by Beez Entertainment holding the UK distribution rights in 2008, and finally Anime Limited in 2013 for the television series, with the films and Parallel Works also included. It was also announced by ADV Films Germany for a summer 2008 release. The Sci Fi Channel acquired the broadcasting rights of Gurren Lagann, and began airing the anime on July 28, 2008 as part of Sci Fi's Ani-Monday anime block.[2][3] The anime won several awards at the Tokyo International Anime Fair[4] and the Animation Kobe[5] and Japan Media Arts Festivals.[6]

A manga adaptation was published by ASCII Media Works between 2007 and 2013. Bandai Entertainment licensed the manga and released it in English in North America. A series of four light novels were published by Shogakukan between 2007 and 2008. A Nintendo DS video game was released in October 2007, bundled with a special episode of the anime series.[7] Two animated film versions were produced; the first premiered in Japanese theaters on September 6, 2008, and the second premiered on April 25, 2009.[8]

Plot[edit]

Story[edit]

Gurren Lagann takes place in a fictional future where Earth is ruled by the Spiral King, Lordgenome, who forces mankind to live in isolated subterranean villages. These villages have no contact with the surface world or other villages, and are under constant threat of earthquakes. Selected villagers called diggers are conscripted to expand their homes deeper underground. Simon, a meek young digger ostracized by his peers, finds solace in his best friend and older brother figure, an eccentric delinquent named Kamina. Kamina encourages Simon to join his gang, Team Gurren, to help him achieve his dream of visiting the surface world. One day, Simon unearths a drill-shaped key called a Core Drill, followed by a small mecha resembling a face called a Gunmen.[9][10] Shortly thereafter, a giant Gunmen crashes through the ceiling and begins attacking the village, followed by a girl named Yoko who attempts to repel the Gunmen. Simon uses his Core Drill to activate the smaller Gunmen (which Kamina names Lagann), and it is used to destroy the larger Gunmen and break through to the surface world.

Simon and Kamina learn from Yoko that humans on the surface are attacked each day by Gunmen piloted by beastmen, humanoid creatures who serve as Lordgenome's army. Kamina hijacks a Gunmen and names it Gurren, combining it with Simon's Lagann to form the mecha Gurren Lagann. Their actions inspire other humans to steal their own Gunmen and join Team Gurren, which makes Kamina rename it Team Dai-Gurren. Eventually Team Dai-Gurren captures an enemy Gunmen fortress to use as their base of operations, though Kamina is killed in the preceding battle by one of Lordgenome's four generals. Rossiu, a boy from another village, takes over the job of piloting Gurren, but Kamina's death causes Simon to sink into depression until he meets Nia, Lordgenome's daughter. Team Dai-Gurren is initially distrustful of her, but allows her to join when it becomes apparent that she was abandoned by her father, like many that came before her. Nia helps Simon come to terms with Kamina's death, and the rest of Team Dai-Gurren prompt him to take up the role as the team's leader, leading them and other humans, who captured other Gunmen and Gunmen fortresses, to Lordgenome's palace, where they defeat Lordgenome and the Beastman army.

Over the next seven years, mankind prospers on the surface world with Simon and the members of Team Dai-Gurren serving as the world's government. As soon as the world's population reaches one million people, an alien race called the Anti-Spirals emerges and uses Nia to announce the moon's collision with Earth, which will wipe out all life on the planet and prevent them from evolving to such an extent that they will risk destroying the universe in a cataclysmic event called the Spiral Nemesis. With guidance from a resurrected Lordgenome, who had hidden mankind underground to protect them from the Anti-Spirals, Team Dai-Gurren prevents the moon's collision, rescues Nia, and destroys the Anti-Spirals. This, however, causes Nia to fade away and die as her own existence is tied to that of the Anti-Spirals. Simon spends the rest of his life wandering the planet as a nameless vagrant while his comrades set out to contact other races throughout the galaxy to help prevent the Spiral Nemesis and ensure the safety of the universe.

Main characters[edit]

Simon (シモン Shimon?)
Voiced by: Tetsuya Kakihara (Japanese), Yuri Lowenthal (English)
Simon is the main protagonist of Gurren Lagann. He is introduced as a fourteen-year-old digger from Giha village who is looked down upon by many of his peers for his timid and weak character. He greatly admires Kamina, one of his few friends in the village, and refers to him as his brother despite them not being related by blood. Simon spends much of the first quarter of the series following after Kamina, but gradually acquires his own fighting spirit and determination over the course of the series, acting on his own more often until his personality mirrors that of Kamina. His discovery of the Core Drill and the Gunmen Lagann are what set the events of the series in motion. Throughout the series, Simon primarily pilots Lagann, which is capable of producing drills from any part of its body when it reacts to Simon's Spiral energy. He uses this ability to combine with Kamina's Gunmen, Gurren, to form Gurren Lagann. He can also take control of other Gunmen using this ability.
Team Dai-Gurren
Kamina (カミナ?)
Voiced by: Katsuyuki Konishi (Japanese), Kyle Hebert (English)
Kamina is a refractory youth from Giha village who dreams of leaving his underground home and going to the surface world, which he saw as a child. His extremely passionate and self-confident personality causes him to act as a foil for the more timid and weak-willed Simon, and serves to instill courage within Simon. His actions greatly influence the entire series, as he forms Team Dai-Gurren and acts as its leader to combat the threat of Lordgenome and the beastmen. Early in the series, Kamina hijacks a Gunmen he names Gurren, which he pilots while combined with Simon's Lagann to form Gurren Lagann.
Yoko Littner (ヨーコ・リットナー Yōko Rittonā?)
Voiced by: Marina Inoue (Japanese), Michelle Ruff (English)
Yoko is a young woman from Littner, a village neighboring Giha, and is introduced as a member of a small resistance against the beastmen. She helps introduce Simon and Kamina to the surface world, and becomes a member of Team Gurren soon after. She falls in love with Kamina early in the series, and thinks little of Simon until he begins showing signs of self-confidence. After Kamina's death, she tries to help Simon cope and forms a sisterly relationship with him. Instead of piloting a Gunmen, she wields a high-powered energy rifle and uses her superb marksmanship and wise council to help her teammates.
Nia Teppelin (ニア・テッペリン Nia Tepperin?)
Voiced by: Yukari Fukui (Japanese), Hynden Walch (episodes 9-15), Bridget Hoffman (episodes 17-27) (English)
Nia is a major character introduced later on in the series. Having lived a sheltered life as the daughter of Lordgenome, the main antagonist of the first half of the series, she is ignorant of the war between the humans and Lordgenome until she is abandoned by her father and discovered by Simon. She is a very polite and naive girl who is curious about the world, and acts as a soothing influence for Simon following his depression caused by Kamina's death. The two fall in love and become engaged at the start of the second half of the series, after which she is discovered to be an agent of the Anti-Spirals. During this time, Nia is taken over by a cold and uncaring personality called "Messenger Nia" and forced to fight Simon against her will until Simon rescues her. Because her existence is tied with that of the Anti-Spirals, however, she fades away with them after they are defeated, but keeps herself alive long enough to marry Simon.

Production[edit]

Gurren Lagann was first announced in July 2007 with Aniplex and Konami assisting Gainax in its making. Konami director Koichi Natsume suggested possibilities of the series getting multiple sequels.[11] The series was directed by Hiroyuki Imaishi who was a fan of the mecha genre and ever since he started working he has wanted to work in a mecha series.[12] After working on Re: Cutey Honey with Kazuki Nakajima, Imaishi appointed him as the writer, believing him to be the best choice. Imaishi was surprised with how much material Nakajima could condense into 27 episodes. Imaishi had finished writing the main storyline long before the reaching the end which facilitated the staff in making the episodes.[12] According to Gainax president Hiroyuki Yamaga the series was in planning phases for a long time. Producer Yasuhiro Takeda used the time to research how would the characters live underground although this aspect is briefly used. Once the series started production, the team did not have much time to research materials.[13]

In contrast to other popular series, Imaishi decided to include drills as the robot's main weapons despite its impact on the suspension of disbelief.[12] Imaishi also wanted the series to only have robots. The robots were made organic so that they would be easier to animate.[13] Nevertheless, animating episode 15 was challenging to the staff due to the several amount of shots it required. Its animator Sushio called himself the "super animator" for his work.[14] Deciding the design of the Gurren Lagann was complicated since it was the basis for the other mechas appearing in the story.[14]

In the making of the series, the team wanted to focus more on the underground life and Simon's imprisonment but their ideas could not be used.[14] In the eighth episode Kamina dies in order to provide Simon character development and make him become the main character.[12] Simon's development kept on going until the final arc when staff planned ideas to make him surpass Kamina. The ending was written to finalize Simon's growth and not leave signs of a sequel. The final had the pre-planned tragic event of Nia's death which left several staff members saddened. While the staff acknowledged how people were not satisfied with the sad conclusion, they noted that there were still issues that made her survival difficult for the characters.[15] Once the series ended, Yamaga had the idea of releasing a film that retells the events of the series to expand the audience.[13]

Influences[edit]

In an interview, the writer Kazuki Nakashima cites Ken Ishikawa, co-creator of Getter Robo, as one of Gurren Lagann's influences.[16] Gurren Lagann occasionally pays homage to Ishikawa's Getter Robo, particularly towards the end of the series, where the scale becomes absurd, with the robots steadily becoming bigger and bigger, much like Getter Robo more specifically, the manga version of Getter Robo Go. The final enemy also bears a striking resemblance to La Gooth of Records of Nothingness, another work by Ishikawa.[17] Nakashima, however, wanted to conclude the story of Gurren Lagann in a more reasonable fashion than what Ishikawa usually does in his works.[16] According to Jason Green from Anime News Network, the anime was influenced by previous Gainax anime, particularly in the character development of the protagonist Simon, who goes through three stages in his character development during the three arcs of the series. Each of these stages in his development were influenced by protagonists from several previous Gainax anime: Shinji Ikari from the Neon Genesis Evangelion franchise, Noriko Takaya from Gunbuster, and Ken Kubo from Otaku no Video.[18] The animation on the show pays special tribute to the animation and character designs of Yoshinori Kanada.

Conflicts[edit]

Takami Akai, the producer of the series and a co-founder of Gainax, announced that he would resign his position effective episode five, which aired on April 29, 2007, over comments that he made regarding posts on the Japanese textboard 2channel. Akai and another Gainax employee, Keiko Mimori, made disparaging remarks about comments criticizing the animation style of the fourth episode of Gurren Lagann, which was completely directed by guest and friend Osamu Kobayashi. With regard to reading the fan criticisms, Akai stated that it was "like putting [his] face next to an anus and breathing deeply." Fans later became aware of his comments, and he announced his departure from the company he helped found.[19]

As a result of the series airing at a child-friendly time slot, the staff members had problems with episode 6. Although that episode had a subplot involving peeking into the women's bath, the television stations believed it was suitable when reading the script. Once they completed the animation footage, the station said they could not air that.[14]

Media[edit]

Anime series[edit]

Produced by the animation studio Gainax and directed by Hiroyuki Imaishi, Gurren Lagann aired in Japan on TXN stations between April 1 and September 30, 2007. The anime has twenty-seven episodes plus two specials, the first being the uncensored version of the sixth episode, and the second is episode 5.5, a bonus that came with the Nintendo DS game.

The English version had been previously licensed by ADV Films, but was later acquired by Bandai Entertainment. A subtitle-only version was released in three volumes in July 2008, and an official English dub with the first two volumes released on November 18, 2008 called "Gurren Lagann Set 01".[citation needed] The show premiered on the Sci Fi Channel on July 28, 2008 as part of Sci Fi's Ani-Monday anime block, airing two episodes each week (and three the final week).[2] The European distribution branch of Bandai, Beez Entertainment, distributed the series in the UK and Europe but has gone out of print since January, 2012.[20] However, Anime Limited announced that they have the distribution license for Gurren Lagann in the UK and have slated a DVD complete collection for Q1 2014 and two Blu-ray Disc releases later, each containing 13 episodes. The English version also aired on Animax across its English-language networks in Southeast Asia and South Asia starting on May 22, 2009. It was broadcast in Italy on Rai 4 between September 24, 2009 and April 1, 2010. Aniplex of America re-released the series in a limited edition DVD box set on May 9, 2013. A Blu-ray Disc box set, which includes both the television series and the two film adaptations, was released on June 26, 2013.[21]

Music[edit]

Taku Iwasaki composed the shows main background music. Four theme songs are used for the episodes; one opening theme and three ending themes. The opening theme is "Sorairo Days" (空色デイズ Sorairo Deizu?, lit. "Sky-Blue Days") by Shoko Nakagawa. Starting from episode seventeen, the second verse and chorus was used, as compared to the first verse and chorus used in the previous episodes. For episodes one through fifteen the ending theme is "Underground" by High Voltage. "Happily Ever After" by Shoko Nakagawa was used in episode sixteen. "Minna no Peace" (みんなのピース Minna no Pīsu?, "Everyone's Peace") by Afromania was used for episodes seventeen to twenty-seven.

Tengen Toppa Gurren Lagann Character Song was released on July 25, 2007 by Aniplex, including image songs by the main voice cast, with songs sung by Tetsuya Kakihara (Simon), Katsuyuki Konishi (Kamina), and Marina Inoue (Yoko), the latter of which is a playable song in Dance Dance Revolution SuperNOVA 2. In addition, several music compilation albums have been released, most consisting of background music.

Manga[edit]

The Tengen Toppa Gurren Lagann manga, illustrated by Kotaro Mori, started serialization in the June 2007 issue of MediaWorks' magazine Dengeki Comic Gao!. The manga ended serialization in Dengeki Comic Gao! with the April 2008 issue when the magazine was discontinued, but continued serialization in ASCII Media Works' manga magazine Dengeki Daioh with the June 2008 issue and continued until the July 2013 issue. Ten tankōbon volumes were published between September 27, 2007 and June 27, 2013 in Japan under ASCII Media Works' Dengeki Comics imprint. Bandai Entertainment licensed the manga and released it in English in North America (although only as far as the sixth volume before ceasing operations).[22] The story of the manga follows the same plotline as the anime, however, there are several changes to the layout of events, and the addition of backstories that essentially fills in gaps from the anime, such as the relationship between Dayakka and Kiyoh.

A spin-off manga entitled Tengen Toppa Gurren Lagann: Gurren Gakuen-hen (天元突破グレンラガン −紅蓮学園篇−?) was serialized in Comp Ace between August 26, 2008 and January 26, 2009; a single tankōbon volume was released on March 26, 2009. The manga takes the characters from the original story and puts them in a school in a parallel world. In the manga, Simon attends Dai-Gurren Academy (ダイグレン学園 Dai Guren Gakuen?) with his friend Kamina, and childhood friend Yoko. Simon, who lives in a run down apartment building, wishes for a normal life, and meets the mysterious Nia one day when she trips down the stairs. She immediately takes a liking to Simon and declares him her husband. Kamina finds another "aniki" in Nia, who shares his hot-blooded style. She enrolls in Dai-Gurren Academy, and all three must deal with the threat of students from Teppelin Academy, who wish to bring Nia back to her father, the principal. Another spin-off manga titled Tengen Toppa Gurren Lagann 4-koma Kingdom: Yoko no Oheso-hen (天元突破グレンラガン4コマKINGDOM ヨーコのおヘソ編 Tengen Toppa Gurren Lagann 4-panel Kingdom: Yoko's Belly Button Chapter?) was published by Futabasha in 2008 as a compilation of various short stories.

Video games[edit]

An online video game was developed by Konami called Tengen Toppa Gurren Lagann Chōzetsu Hakkutsu ONLINE (天元突破グレンラガン 超絶発掘ONLINE?, literally "Tengen Toppa Gurren Lagann: Superior Excavation Online"). Beta testing had ended on April 16, 2007. The player takes up the role of a driller and drills for treasures in first person view. There is a shop to purchase drills—the shopkeeper is an original character named Asaki. The player can also collect digital trading cards. The game was canceled at the closed beta stage, as installing the game crashed Windows indefinitely. Konami even had to send out 500GB external hard drives to beta users so that they could back up files while reinstalling their operating systems.[23][24]

A game for the Nintendo DS was released October 25, 2007, not only featuring the characters from the series, but also containing a special episode set in the early stages of the story as a pre-order bonus. In June 2010, Gainax re-acquired the video game rights to the series from Konami, which allowed Banpresto to include it in the latest installment of its storied Super Robot Wars franchise, 2nd Super Robot Wars Z: Destruction Chapter, released in April 2011.

Anime films[edit]

An animated film entitled Gurren Lagann The Movie: Childhood's End (劇場版 天元突破グレンラガン 紅蓮篇 Gekijōban Tengen Toppa Gurren Lagann Gurren-Hen?, Tengen Toppa Gurren Lagann The Movie: The Crimson Lotus Chapter), once again directed by Hiroyuki Imaishi, and written by Kazuki Nakashima, was produced by Gainax and released on September 6, 2008 in Japanese theaters and the DVD was released on April 22, 2009.[25][26][27] The film is a compilation of the events of the first arc of the series (episodes one through fifteen) with around 20 minutes of newly animated scenes. In conjunction with the release of the film, Gainax has released series of music videos entitled Gurren Lagann Parallel Works which contains alternative stories of Gurren Lagann set to songs from the original soundtrack.[28] The film had its first official English release at the Viz Pictures cinema in San Francisco, California on September 8, 2009.

A second film, Gurren Lagann The Movie: The Lights in the Sky are Stars (劇場版 天元突破グレンラガン 螺巌篇 Gekijōban Tengen Toppa Guren Lagann Lagann-Hen?, Tengen Toppa Gurren Lagann The Movie: The Spiral Stone Chapter) was released in Japanese theaters on April 25, 2009.[8] It focuses on the second half of the series, contributing more new animation than the first film. The Japanese DVD for The Lights in the Sky are Stars was released on January 27, 2010. For both films, Shoko Nakagawa sang the theme songs: "Tsuzuku Sekai" (続く世界?, "Continuing World") for Childhood's End and "Namida no Tane, Egao no Hana" (涙の種、笑顔の花?, "Seed of Tears, Flower of Smiles") for The Lights in the Sky are Stars. Taku Iwasaki returned to compose the films' scores.

Aniplex of America distributed both films on DVD in regular and special editions. Childhood's End was released on July 1, 2010 while The Lights in the Sky are Stars was released on July 30, 2010.[29] Aniplex of America released the films on Blu-ray Disc as part of the Gurren Lagann Blu-ray box set on June 26, 2013.[21] Aniplex of America will re-release the films in a separate Blu-ray Disc set on July 15, 2014.[30]

Reception[edit]

Western critical reception[edit]

Gurren Lagann has received widespread critical acclaim since its release. Anime News Network gave Gurren Lagann a full 'A' rating, with reviewer Theron Martin describing it as "one of the liveliest series of the decade" and concluding that "Gainax's paean to boisterous, macho mecha action delivers in triumphant fashion."[31] Anime News Network also gave the dubbed version of the first volume an 'A' rating.[32] IGN gave the series a score of 9.7 out of 10, with reviewer Ramsey Isler describing it as "an inspiring story" and concluding that "overall it succeeds at being a great tale of the indomitable spirit of determined people."[33] Anime World Order also gave the series a positive review, noting that it has become one of the most popular mecha anime on the internet, which reviewer Clarissa Graffeo ascribes to its crossover appeal among various audiences who do not usually watch giant robot anime, by combining aspects from a number of different anime genres, including elements of the Super Robot, Real Robot, Shōnen, Shōjo, Seinen and Josei genres.[34]

THEM Anime Reviews gave the anime a score of 4 out of 5 stars, with reviewer Tim Jones describing it as "Almost five-star material," and stating that it is "chuck full of action, comedy, drama, adventure, and sci-fi elements, managing to even entertain a person who couldn't care less about mecha in the process."[35] UK Anime Network gave the first third of the series a score of 8/10, with reviewer Ross Liversidge noting that from episode 7 onwards, "the show's newfound edge makes it far more gripping," and concludes that it is a "high quality release" and "a fun, punchy series that stands out from the crowd."[36] On the review website Mania.com, reviewer Chris Beveridge gave the first two-thirds of the series a full 'A' grade. He described the first third as "chaotic, magical and engaging,"[37] and then described the second third as captivating "with non-standard storytelling ideas for an anime series" and concluded that it was "fun, exciting, unpredictable and filled with the usual positive messages but done without any serious preaching."[38]

Awards[edit]

The Gurren Lagann anime series received an Excellence Prize at the 2007 Japan Media Arts Festival.[6] Its director Hiroyuki Imaishi received an individual award for "Personal Best" at the 12th Animation Kobe Festival that same year for his work on the series.[5]

In 2008, during the 7th annual Tokyo Anime Awards held at the Tokyo International Anime Fair, Gurren Lagann won the "Best Television Production" award. In addition, the "Best Character Design" award was given to the character designer Atsushi Nishigori for his work on the anime.[4]

Popular culture[edit]

Influences from and references to Gurren Lagann can be found in several areas of recent popular culture, ranging from Japanese anime and video games, to American comics and animation, to politics in Europe. During a political debate over whether the British Union Flag should be updated by incorporating the Welsh Dragon, The Daily Telegraph newspaper held a contest for readers to submit their designs and have other readers vote for the winning design. On December 11, 2007, a Gurren Lagann-based design submitted from Norway won The Daily Telegraph's contest, winning by a wide margin of 55% of the votes.[39][40] Gurren Lagann has had an influence on the Transformers franchise, with the creators of Transformers Animated citing it as an inspiration. The art director and lead character designer Derrick Wyatt stated that, while he "hadn't seen Gurren Lagann until after" they "had finished most of the first season of TFA," he confirmed that the creators have "definitely been inspired" by it ever since, particularly during the second and third seasons of Transformers Animated.[41]

The Gurren mecha made a cameo appearance in an issue of DC Comics' Countdown to Final Crisis, appearing as a Green Lantern construct of Kyle Rayner's.[citation needed][volume & issue needed] The fifth episode of the 2010 anime series Baka to Test to Shōkanjū makes a reference to Gurren Lagann when the protagonist Yoshi shouts "Pierce the heavens, Problem Break" and throws his pencil like a drill.

The song "Heaven-Piercing Giga Drill" by the British gaijin rock band Area 11 is based on Gurren Lagann. Their album title, All the Lights in the Sky is another such reference.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bandai Entertainment Gets Gurren Lagann TV Anime". Anime News Network. April 18, 2008. Retrieved 2008-04-18. 
  2. ^ a b "Gurren Lagann Listed on America's Sci-Fi Channel on July 28". Anime News Network. May 19, 2008. Retrieved 2008-05-19. 
  3. ^ "'Gurren Lagann' on Sci Fi Channel". ICv2: Inside Pop Culture. May 19, 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-12. 
  4. ^ a b "Eva 1.0 Wins Tokyo Anime Fair's Animation of the Year". Anime News Network. February 26, 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-26. 
  5. ^ a b "Gurren Lagann's official blog" (in Japanese). Gainax. Retrieved 2007-12-18. 
  6. ^ a b "Coo, Gurren-Lagann, 'Kafka' Win Media Arts Awards". Anime News Networks. Retrieved 2007-12-11. 
  7. ^ "Gainax Announces New Anime". Anime News Network. July 11, 2006. Retrieved 2007-04-04. 
  8. ^ a b "Two Gurren Lagann Movies Confirmed". Anime News Network. May 23, 2008. Retrieved 2008-05-23. 
  9. ^ "Gurren Lagann the Movie - Childhood's End - - The Lights in the Sky are Stars - ON DVD!". Gurren Lagann Movie Committee. Retrieved May 22, 2012. "Gozu: "A giant Gunmen"; Enki: "Viral's Gunmen"" 
  10. ^ "ガンメン" [Gunmen]. Sony Music Entertainment Japan. Retrieved May 22, 2012. 
  11. ^ "Gainax Announces New Anime". Anime News Network. July 11, 2006. Retrieved October 13, 2013. 
  12. ^ a b c d "グレンラガン:ヒロインの悲劇は「ハッピーエンドのつもり」 今石洋之監督語る" (in Japanese). November 10, 2007. Archived from the original on December 25, 2007. Retrieved October 12, 2013. 
  13. ^ a b c Yeh, Jason (August 26, 2008). "Interview with Gainax / Gurren Lagann Staff". Mania Entertainment. Retrieved October 13, 2013. 
  14. ^ a b c d Loo, Egan (July 28, 2008). "Interview: Gainax on Gurren Lagann". Anime News Network. Retrieved October 12, 2013. 
  15. ^ "The secrets of Gurren Lagann answered!". Japanator. Retrieved October 12, 2013. 
  16. ^ a b "Interview with Kazuki Nakajima". Retrieved July 8, 2010. 
  17. ^ Ishikawa, Ken (December 23, 2008). "天元突破グレンラガン" [Tengen Toppa Gurren Lagann] (in Japanese). Hamazo. Retrieved July 13, 2010. 
  18. ^ Jason Green (September 7, 2008). "Dig For Fire: The Roots of Gurren Lagann". Anime News Network. Retrieved 2008-09-09. 
  19. ^ "Co-Founder Takami Akai Steps Down From Gainax's Board". Anime News Network. April 27, 2007. Retrieved 2007-05-01. 
  20. ^ "Play.com (UK): Gurren Lagann: Part 1". Play.com. Retrieved 2009-03-26. 
  21. ^ a b "Aniplex USA Adds Valvrave the Liberator, Gurren Lagann TV Series". Anime News Network. March 29, 2013. Retrieved March 29, 2013. 
  22. ^ "Bandai Entertainment Picks Up Gurren Lagann Manga". Anime News Network. September 26, 2008. Retrieved 2008-09-27. 
  23. ^ "Konami Hits the Brakes on Gurren Lagann MMO". Archived from the original on 2008-02-21. Retrieved 2007-09-15. 
  24. ^ "Tengen Toppa Gurren Lagann game online service suspension notification" (in Japanese). Retrieved 2007-09-15. 
  25. ^ "Gurren Lagann film official website" (in Japanese). Gainax. Retrieved 2008-03-10. 
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Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]