Guru (1997 film)
|Directed by||Rajiv Anchal|
|Written by||C. G. Rajendra Babu|
|Story by||Rajiv Anchal|
|Edited by||B. Lenin|
V. T. Vijayan
Janasammathi Creations Pvt Ltd.
|Distributed by||Janasammathi Release|
Guru (literally: The Teacher / Spiritual Guide) is a 1997 Indian Malayalam-language fantasy film directed by Rajiv Anchal and written by C. G. Rajendra Babu from a story by Anchal. Mohanlal played the lead role in the film, while Nedumudi Venu, Srinivasan, Suresh Gopi, Sithara, Kaveri Muralidharan and Sreelakshmi appeared in supporting roles and Shankar (actor) in a cameo appearance. A highly metaphorical movie with multiple layers of meaning, the story bears some thematic resemblance with Plato's Allegory of The Cave. The movie makes a strong statement on various extreme divisions in the society, and the resulting conflicts and violence; evils which lie deep within one's own mind and reflected in the world. The movie portraits this human predicament as a result of the ignorance into the true nature of things. Guru himself can be regarded as a symbol of the manifestation of the supreme liberating knowledge.
The original musical score and songs were composed by Ilaiyaraaja. His symphonic score was conducted and performed by the Budapest Symphony Orchestra, Hungary. This was the first time in Indian cinema, the background score of a film was recorded completely outside the country. Guru was selected as India's official entry to the Oscars for the Best Foreign Language Film category.
Raghuraman (Mohanlal) is the son of a local Hindu temple's priest in an idyllic village. The people, Hindus and Muslims, live in harmony. When an ambitious politician's (NF Varghese) goons, disguised as Muslims, cause trouble at the local temple, tensions breaks out between the two communities leading to widespread religious riots. Raghurāman, after his family is killed, joins a Hindu extremist gang to take revenge by attacking a group of Muslims who have taken refuge in a Guru's Ashram (a place where a holy Guru lived and worked). After infiltrating the Ashram, he meets Vaidehi who suggests him to meditate for a few moments. During meditation, he experiences an altered state of consciousness and perceives being transported into another world.
In this new world, everyone is blind . They believe the sense of sight to be a lie and that is blasphemous to even talk about it. Children are taught from a very young age that sight does not exist. Raghurāman befriends Ramanagan, a man he saves from death. Raghurāman tries to tell them that there is a world of sight and that he can see, but they refuse to believe him and warn him that such talk will get him killed by the king and the elders.
Living with the man, he learns of their daily life and culture. He notices that they have built a world where sight is not required for anything. He observes when a baby is born in the valley, the juice of a special fruit is given to the infant by the midwives immediately. Ramanagan informs Raghuraman this is the fruit of the sacred tree which was given to them by a goddess when the infants of the valley started to die upon being born. Intrigued by this Raghuraman climbs the tree eats the tasty and highly addictive fruit which is called Ilama pazham (Ilama fruit) by the valley people, the seeds of which are extremely poisonous, which is a common delicacy among them. After eating it, he turns blind and helpless. He is captured by the king’s soldiers and is ordered to be executed by forcing him to eat the seeds of Ilama pazham, a very rare and cruel punishment.
After the soldiers follow the orders, he is left to die and is surprised when he wakes up hours later having gotten his sight back. He uses his newfound knowledge to spread the truth about their blindness and the cure. He convinces Ramanagan and family to trust him and eat the seeds and they too gain their eyesight. The news spreads like wildfire and more and more people begin to eat the seeds and follow Raghuraman.
When the king and advisers learn of this, they arrest Raghuraman. The people respond by starting a rebellion. They storm the palace with weapons where Raghuraman begs them not to use violence and that it achieves nothing. At the same time, in the real world, Raghuraman drops his weapon and wakes up. The extremist group begins their assault on the refugees in the Ashram but Raghuraman rushes to save them, irrespective of their religion.
- Mohanlal as Raghuraman
- Sithara as Vaidehi
- Sreelakshmi as Sitalakshmi
- Charuhasan as Raghuraman's father
- Suresh Gopi as King Vijayanta
- Madhupal as Ramanagan
- Kaveri (actress) as Princes Syamantaga
- Murali as Sahib Abdullah
- Srinivasan as Sravanan
- Nedumudi Venu as teacher
- Shankar as Singer (cameo appearance)
- Nassar as The culprit (cameo appearance)
- Captain Raju as Old King (King Vijayanta's father)
- Reena as Old Queen (King Vijayanta's mother)
- Mohan Raj as Senadhipan
- N. F. Varghese
- Kochu Preman
- Chandni Shaju
- K. B. Ganesh Kumar
Rajiv Anchal cite his influence for the film to H. G. Wells's short story The Country of the Blind, which tells the story of a man who finds himself in a valley of blind men. Anchal first read the book during his college education. He was awestruck by its story and the description of the valley of the blind. He used the Wellsian theme in the film to picturise the human condition, that of "darkness overpowering the soul". Anchal is a disciple of the spiritual leader Karunakara Guru, founder of Santhigiri Ashram in Pothencode, Thiruvananthapuram. The idea for the film came when he met Guru seven years ago (since the release). The film is based on the Guru and tells the message Guru strive to convey to the materialistic world. The fund for the film was raised by 60 of the disciples in the Santhigiri Ashram, including Anchal. The film was made on a production cost of ₹30 million.
The film's soundtrack contains 6 songs, all composed by Ilaiyaraaja and Lyrics by S. Ramesan Nair. The orchestration for the film's songs and background score were composed and conducted by Ilaiyaraaja, and performed by Hungary's Budapest Symphony Orchestra.
|1||"Aruna Kirana Deepam"||K. J. Yesudas|
|2||"Deva Sangeetham"||K. J. Yesudas|
|3||"Deva Sangeetham"||K. J. Yesudas, Radhika Thilak|
|4||"Guru Charanam"||G. Venugopal, Chorus|
|5||"Minnaram Manathe"||Sujatha Mohan|
|6||"Thathaaram"||M. G. Sreekumar|
- Best Cinematography (South) – S. Kumar
- Best Director (Malayalam) – Rajiv Anchal
- Best Actor (Malayalam) – Mohanlal
- List of submissions to the 70th Academy Awards for Best Foreign Language Film
- List of Indian submissions for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film
- "Guru goes in search of the Oscar". The Hindu. cscsarchive.org. 2 November 1997. Retrieved 15 March 2011.
- Margaret Herrick Library, Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences
- "44 Countries Hoping for Oscar Nominations". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. 24 November 1997. Archived from the original on 13 February 1998. Retrieved 13 October 2015.
- Jose, D (16 March 1998). "Blind man's buff". Rediff.com. Retrieved 4 August 2016.
- "And the Winners Are...". Screen India. 17 April 1998. Retrieved 10 April 2011.