Guru Har Krishan

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Guru Harkrishan
ਗੁਰੂ ਹਰਿਕ੍ਰਿਸ਼ਨ ਜੀ
A fresco of Guru Har Krishan ca. 1745
A fresco of Guru Har Krishan ca. 1745
Born July 23, 1656 (1656-07-23)
Kiratpur Sahib, Rupnagar, Punjab, Mughal Empire (Present day India)
Died March 30, 1664 (1664-03-31) (aged 7)
Delhi, Mughal Empire (Present day India)
Other names

The Eighth Master

The Child Guru
Years active 1656–1664
Known for Helping patients at Delhi
Predecessor Guru Har Rai
Successor Guru Tegh Bahadur
Spouse(s) 0
Children 0
Parent(s) Guru Har Rai and Mata Krishen

Guru Har Krishan ([ɡʊru həɾ kɾɪʃən]; 23 July 1656 – 30 March 1664) was the eighth of the ten Sikh Gurus. At the age of 5, he became the youngest Guru in Sikhism on 7 October 1661, succeeding his father, Guru Har Rai.[1]

He is also known as Bal Guru (Child Guru).[1] He died at age eight during an epidemic in Delhi, and his granduncle Guru Tegh Bahadur became the next Guru of the Sikhs.[1] He had the shortest tenure as Guru, lasting only 2 years, 5 months and 24 days.

Early days[edit]

Har Krishan was born in Kiratpur Sahib, Rupnagar, Punjab, Mughal Empire (Present day India) to Guru Har Rai and Kishan dei (Mata Sulakhni).[2]

Before His death in October 1661, Guru Har Rai designated his younger son Har Krishan as the next Guru. Guru Har Rai chose Har Krishan, rather than his elder son Ram Rai, because Ram Rai was in collusion with the Mughal Empire. Har Krishan was only five years old when he succeeded his father as Guru.

Attainment of Guruship[edit]

It is said that when Guru Har Rai was asked which of his two sons Ram Rai and Har Krishan would be the next guru, he said that although both of them followed the same religion and recited the same bani, there was softness in the heart of Har Krishan and Ram Rai was rough from the heart.

For the enlightenment of any person or to be named as the guru, softness was of prime importance. Thus, the next Guru came to be Guru Har Krishan at the age of 5, the youngest guru in Sikh history.

Notable Incidents[edit]

At Panjokhra Sahib, near Ambala, Haryana, there stands a magnificent gurudwara in memory of the miracle done by Guru Har Krishan. It is told [3] that doubting the abilities of a small child to be a Guru, a local pandit (learned man) challenged him to translate and explain the Sanskrit verses of Bhagvad Gita.

At that time, Sanskrit was read & studied only by literatre people. He brought with him a completely illiterate man with limited mental ability named Gangu Jheevar. Guruji pointed a stick on Gangu's head as a blessing and that disabled illiterate man started uttering the sermons of the sacred text to the perfection.

Final Days[edit]

When they reached Delhi, Guru Har Krishan and his party were the guests of Raja Jai Singh II. Every day, large numbers of Sikh devotees flocked to see the Guru.

An epidemic was then raging in Delhi. Guru Har Krishan helped to heal many sick people. Guru Har Krishan, being soft and kind hearted, served the ill and is said to have taken smallpox upon himself.

On March 30, 1664, Guru Har Krishan decided to name his successor. He called for five coins and a coconut. He took them, and being too weak to move, waved his hand three times in the air, and said Baba Bakala(Punjabi: ਬਾਬਾ ਬਕਾਲੇ), meaning his successor was to be found in Baba Bakala town. Guru Har Krishan then died of at the age of 8, as he had refused treatment.

One of the historic gurdwaras in India, the Bangla Sahib in Delhi, was built on the site where Guru Har Krishan helped the sick. Guru Har Krishan died at Gurudwara Bangla Sahib, Delhi.



  1. ^ a b c HS Singha (2009), The Encyclopedia of Sikhism, Hemkunt Press, ISBN 978-8170103011, pages 96-97
  2. ^
  3. ^ Photo: History of Gurudwara Panjokhra Sahib, Haryana 01.jpg

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Guru Har Rai
Sikh Guru
6 October 1661 - 30 March 1664
Succeeded by
Guru Teg Bahadur