Guru Nanak Gurpurab

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Guru Nanak Gurpurab
Akal Takht illuminated, in Harmandir Sahib complex, Amritsar.jpg
Akal Takht illuminated on Guru Nanak's Birthday, in Harmandir Sahib complex, Amritsar.
Official nameGuru Nanak Jayanti
Also calledParkash Guru Nanak Dev Ji
Observed bySikhs, Nanakpanthis
SignificanceGuru Nanak's Birth Anniversary
ObservancesFestival
DateKatak Pooranmashi
2018 dateNovember 23[1]
2019 dateNovember 12[1]
2020 dateNovember 30[1]

Guru Nanak Gurpurab, also known as Guru Nanak's Prakash Utsav and Guru Nanak Jayanti, celebrates the birth of the first Sikh Guru, Guru Nanak.[3] This is one of the most sacred festivals in Sikhism, or Sikhi.[4]

The festivities in the Sikh religion revolve around the anniversaries of the 10 Sikh Gurus. These Gurus were responsible for shaping the beliefs of the Sikhs. Their birthdays, known as Gurpurab, are occasions for celebration and prayer among the Sikhs.

Guru Nanak, the founder of Sikhism, was born on Vaisakhi Day, April 5, 1469 [O.S. March 27, 1469][3] (Vaisakh 1, 1526 Bikrami)[5] in Rai-Bhoi-di Talwandi in the present Shekhupura District of Pakistan, now Nankana Sahib.[6] It is a Gazetted holiday in India.

According to the controversial Bhai Bala Janamsakhi, it claims Guru Nanak was born on the Full Moon (Pooranmashi) of the Indian Lunar Month Katik.[7] The Sikhs have been celebrating Guru Nanak's Gurpurab around November for this reason and has it been ingrained in Sikh Traditions.[3][1]

However, some scholars and organizations believe the Birthday should be celebrated on Vaisakhi, which falls on April 14 according to the original Nanakshahi Calendar passed by Sri Akal Takht in 2003. However, many people and organizations would like to keep the traditional date by celebrating on the Full Moon Day (Pooranmashi or Purnima) of the Lunar Month Kartik. The original Nanakshahi Calendar follows the tradition and celebrates it on Kartik Purnima due to demands by various Sikh Saints. [8]

The festival[edit]

Gurdwara Nankana Sahib, Pakistan, the birthplace of Guru Nanak

The celebration is generally similar for all Sikhs; only the hymns are different. The celebrations usually commence with Prabhat Pheris. Prabhat Pheris are early morning processions that begin at the Gurudwaras and proceed around the localities singing hymns. Generally, two days before the birthday, Akhand Path (a forty-eight-hour non-stop reading of the Guru Granth Sahib, the holy book of the Sikhs) is held in the Gurdwaras.

The day prior to the birthday, a procession, referred to as Nagarkirtan,[9] is organised. This procession is led by the Panj Pyaras (Five Beloved Ones).[10][11] They head the procession carrying the Sikh flag, known as the Nishan Sahib and the Palki (Palanquin) of Guru Granth Sahib. They are followed by teams of singers singing hymns[11] and devotees sing the chorus. There are brass bands playing different tunes and 'Gatka' teams display their swordsmanship through various martial arts and as mock battles using traditional weapons.[10][9] The procession pours into the streets of the town. The passage is covered with banners and gates decorated flags and flowers, for this special occasion.[10][9] The leaders spreading the message of Guru Nanak.[10]

Guru Nanak Jayanti 2010 at Pune, Maharashtra, India

On the day of the Gurpurab, the celebrations commence early in the morning at about 4 to 5 a.m.[9][10] This time of the day is referred to as Amrit Vela. The day begins with the singing of Asaa-Ki-Vaar (morning hymns).[9][10] This is followed by any combination of Katha[9] (exposition of the scripture) and Kirtan (hymns from the Sikh scriptures), in the praise of the Guru.[10] Following that is the Langar, a special community lunch, which is arranged at the Gurudwaras by volunteers. The idea behind the free communal lunch is that everyone, irrespective of caste, class or creed,[12] should be offered food in the spirit of seva (service) and bhakti (devotion).

Night Prayer sessions are also held in some Gurudwaras, which begin around sunset when Rehras(evening prayer) is recited, followed by Kirtan till late at night.[10] The congregation starts singing Gurbani at about 1:20 a.m., which is the actual time of birth of Guru Nanak. The celebrations culminate at around 2 a.m.[10]

Guru Nanak Gurpurab is celebrated by the Sikh community all over the world and is one of the most important festivals in the Sikh calendar. The celebrations are especially colorful in Punjab, Haryana, and Chandigarh and many more locations. Even some Sindhis celebrate this festival.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Singh Purewal, Pal. "Movable Dates of Gurpurbs" (PDF). www.purewal.biz. www.purewal.biz. Retrieved 4 November 2017.
  2. ^ "Movable Holidays - Nanakshahi". nanakshahi.sarabveer.me. nanakshahi.sarabveer.me. Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  3. ^ a b c Singh Purewal, Pal. "Birth Date of Guru Nanak Sahib" (PDF). Purewal's Page. Pal Singh Purewal. Retrieved June 16, 2017.
  4. ^ "Guru Nanak Sahib". SGPC. Archived from the original on 30 July 2012. Retrieved 4 August 2012.
  5. ^ Singh Purewal, Pal. "Vaisakhi Dates Range According To Indian Ephemeris By Swamikannu Pillai – i.e. English Date on 1 Vaisakh Bikrami" (PDF). Pal Singh Purewal. Retrieved 25 June 2017.
  6. ^ "Guru Nanak Dev ji (1469–1539)".
  7. ^ Singh Mehboob, Harinder. As the Sun of Suns Rose: The Darkness of the Creeds Was Dispelled.
  8. ^ "Sikhism Religion of the Sikh People". www.sikhs.org. sikhs.org. Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  9. ^ a b c d e f "GURPURBS". Archived from the original on 1 June 2009.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Gurpurab".
  11. ^ a b "Guru Nanak".
  12. ^ "Guru Purab".

External links[edit]