Gurupi Biological Reserve
|Gurupi Biological Reserve|
|Reserva Biológica do Gurupi|
|Area||271,197 hectares (670,140 acres)|
|Created||12 January 1988|
The Gurupi Biological Reserve covers parts of the municipalities of Centro Novo do Maranhão and Bom Jardim in the state of Maranhão. It has an area of 271,197 hectares (670,140 acres). Elevations range from 27 to 316 metres (89 to 1,037 ft) above sea level. The reserve covers parts of the watersheds of the Gurupí and Pindaré rivers. Average annual rainfall is 2,169 millimetres (85.4 in). Temperatures range from 22 to 32 °C (72 to 90 °F) with an average of 27 °C (81 °F). The vegetation is dense Amazon rainforest within the Centro de Endemismos Belém ecoregion, and is rich in species of flora.
The Gurupi Biological Reserve reserve was created on 12 January 1988. The reserve is administered by the Chico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity Conservation. The Biological Reserve is a "strict nature reserve" under IUCN protected area category Ia. The purpose is full preservation of biota and other natural attributes without human intervention. Specifically the reserve maintains a representative sample of the Amazon rainforest in Maranhão. The reserve is supported by the Amazon Region Protected Areas Program. The proposed South Amazon Ecological Corridor would link the reserve to other protected areas and indigenous territories in the region.
Studies with plants, butterflies and birds classify this biological reserve as one of the 12 pleistocenic refuges in the Brazilian Amazon rainforest. It has lost more than half of its forest due to logging since its creation. Protected species are Kaapori capuchin (Cebus kaapori), oncilla (Leopardus tigrinus), ocelot (Leopardus pardalis), jaguar (Panthera onca), bare-faced curassow (Crax fasciolata), Amazonian barred woodcreeper (Dendrocolaptes certhia), black-spotted bare-eye (Phlegopsis nigromaculata), red-necked aracari (Pteroglossus bitorquatus), dark-winged trumpeter (Psophia viridis) and pearly parakeet (Pyrrhura lepida).
- Ayres, José Márcio; Da Fonseca, Gustavo A. B.; Rylands, Anthony B.; Queiroz, Helder L.; Pinto, Luiz Paulo; Masterson, Donald; Cavalcanti, Roberto B. (2005), Os Corredores Ecológicos das Florestas Tropicais do Brasil (PDF) (in Portuguese), Sociedade Civil Mamirauá, retrieved 2016-10-28
- Chape, Stuart; Spalding, Mark; Jenkins, Martin (2008), The world's protected areas: status, values and prospects in the 21st century, University of California Press, ISBN 0-520-24660-8
- Full list: PAs supported by ARPA, ARPA, retrieved 2016-08-07
- Reserva Biológica do Gurupi (in Portuguese), Chico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity Conservation, retrieved 2016-04-15
- Unidade de Conservação: Reserva Biológica do Gurupi (in Portuguese), MMA: Ministério do Meio Ambiente, retrieved 2016-04-26