Gustaf Dalman

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Gustaf Dalman.

Gustaf Hermann Dalman (9 June 1855 – 19 August 1941) was a German Lutheran theologian and orientalist. He did extensive field work in Palestine before the First World War, collecting inscriptions, poetry, and proverbs. He also collected physical articles illustrating the life of the indigenous farmers and herders of the country, including rock and plant samples, house and farm tools, small archaeological finds, and ceramics. He pioneered the study of biblical and early post-biblical Aramaic, publishing an authoritative grammar (1894) and dictionary (1901), as well as other works. His collection of 15,000 historic photographs and 5,000 books, including rare 16th century prints, and maps formed the basis of the Gustaf Dalman Institute at Ernst Moritz Arndt Universität, Greifswald, which commemorates and continues his work.

The theologian and translator Franz Delitzsch, who translated the New Testament into Hebrew, entrusted to Dalman the work of "thoroughly revising" the Hebrew text.[1]


  • Grammatik des Jüdisch-Palästinischen Aramäisch. 1894. 2nd edition. Leipzig, 1905.
  • Aramäische Dialektproben . . . mit Wörterverzeichnis. Leipzig, 1896.
  • Worte Iesu. Leipzig, 1898. English trans., T. & T. Clark, 1902.
  • Aramäisch-Neuhebräisches Handwörterbuch zu Targum, Talmud und Midrasch. 1901. 2nd revised and expanded edition. Frankfurt am Main, 1922.
  • Jesus-Jeschua. Leipzig, 1922. English trans., Jesus-Jeshua. Studies in the Aramaic Gospels. London, 1929.
  • Arbeit und Sitte in Palastina. [Work and Customs in Palestine] 1937. Reprinted 1964.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Dalman, G., "The Hebrew New Testament of Franz Delitzsch", The Old and New Testament Student, Vol. 15, No. 3/4 (Sep. - Oct., 1892), pp. 145-150, available at

External links[edit]

  • Friedrich Wilhelm Bautz (1975). "Dalman, Gustaf". In Bautz, Friedrich Wilhelm. Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon (BBKL) (in German). 1. Hamm: Bautz. cols. 1197–1198. ISBN 3-88309-013-1.
  • Marcel Serr: Gustaf Dalman's Palestine. Jerusalem 2016.
  • Marcel Serr: Understanding the Land of the Bible: Gustaf Dalman and the Emergence of the German Exploration of Palestine. In: Near Eastern Archaeology, Vol. 79, No. 1 (2016), pp. 27–35.