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Hasford during his time in Vietnam
|Born||Jerry Gustave Hasford|
November 28, 1947
Russellville, Alabama, U.S.
|Died||January 29, 1993 (aged 45)|
|Resting place||Haleyville, Alabama|
|Pen name||Gustav Hasford|
|Occupation||Writer, military veteran|
Jerry Gustave Hasford (November 28, 1947 – January 29, 1993), also known under his pen name Gustav Hasford was an American novelist, journalist and poet. His semi-autobiographical novel The Short-Timers (1979) was the basis of the film Full Metal Jacket (1987). He was a United States Marine Corps veteran, who served during the Vietnam War.
Born in Russellville, Alabama, Hasford joined the United States Marine Corps in 1966 and served as a combat correspondent during the Vietnam War. As a military journalist, he wrote stories for Leatherneck Magazine, Pacific Stars and Stripes, and Sea Tiger. During his tour in Vietnam, Hasford was awarded the Navy & Marine Corps Achievement Medal with Valor Device, during the Battle of Huế in 1968.
Early literary career
Hasford associated with various science fiction writers of the 1970s, including Arthur Byron Cover and David J. Skal. He had works published in magazines and anthologies such as Space and Time and Damon Knight's Orbit series. He also published the poem "Bedtime Story" in a 1972 edition of Winning Hearts and Minds, the first anthology of writing about the war by veterans. The poem was reprinted in Carrying the Darkness in 1985.
First novel and film
In 1978, Hasford attended the Milford Writer's Workshop and met veteran science fiction author Frederik Pohl, who was then an editor at Bantam Books. At Pohl's suggestion, Hasford submitted The Short-Timers, and Pohl promptly bought it for Bantam.
The Short-Timers was published in 1979 and became a best-seller, described in Newsweek as "[t]he best work of fiction about the Vietnam War". It was adapted into the feature film Full Metal Jacket (1987), directed by Stanley Kubrick. The screenplay by Hasford, Kubrick, and screenwriter Michael Herr was nominated for an Academy Award. Hasford's actual contributions were a subject of dispute among the three, and ultimately Hasford chose not to attend the Oscar ceremonies.
Library books theft charges
In 1985, Hasford had borrowed 98 books from the Sacramento, California public library and was wanted for grand theft there. Then, in 1988, shortly before the Oscars ceremony, he was charged with theft after campus police from California Polytechnic State University in San Luis Obispo, California, found nearly 10,000 library books in his rented storage locker. At that time, he had 87 overdue books and five years of Civil War Times magazine issues checked out from the Cal Poly-SLO library; the materials were valued at over $20,000.
Hasford's book collection included books borrowed (and never returned) from dozens of libraries across the United States, from libraries in Australia and the United Kingdom, and, allegedly, books taken from the homes of acquaintances. Among them were 19th-century books on Edgar Allan Poe and the American Civil War. Hasford had obtained borrowing privileges at Cal Poly-SLO as a California resident, using a false address and Social Security number.
Hasford initially denied the charges, but he eventually admitted possession of several hundred stolen books and pleaded nolo contendere ("no contest") to possession of stolen property. He was sentenced to six months' imprisonment (of which he served three months) and promised to pay restitution from the royalties of his future works.
Hasford claimed that he wanted the books to research a never-published book on the Civil War. He described his difficulties as "a vicious attack launched against me by Moral Majority fanatics backed up by the full power of the Fascist State."
Second and third novels
In 1990, he published a second novel, The Phantom Blooper: A Novel of Vietnam, a sequel to The Short-Timers. The sequel was supposed to be the second of a "Vietnam Trilogy", but Hasford died soon after completing The Phantom Blooper and before writing the third installment. Hasford's final novel is A Gypsy Good Time (1992), a hardboiled, noir detective story set in Los Angeles.
Later life and death
Hasford, impoverished and suffering from untreated diabetes, moved to the Greek island of Aegina and died there of heart failure on 29 January 1993, aged 45. He is interred at Winston Memorial Cemetery in Haleyville, Alabama.
- Vietnam Trilogy
- The Short-Timers (1979) ISBN 0-553-23945-7
- The Phantom Blooper: A Novel of Vietnam (1990) ISBN 0-553-05718-9
- Standalone novel
- Lewis, Grover (June 4–10, 1993). "The Killing of Gus Hasford". LA Weekly. BronxBanter blog. Retrieved March 16, 2014.
- Lewis, Grover (June 28, 1987). "The Several Battles of Gustav Hasford: A Candid Conversation With the Co-Writer and Fierce, Real-Life Protagonist of Full Metal Jacket". Los Angeles Times Magazine. Archived from the original on November 3, 2012. Retrieved August 2, 2012.
- Barry, Jan Barry & Paquet, Basil T. & Rottmann, Larry (Editors) (1972). "Bedtime Story". gustavhasford.com. Winning Hearts and Minds. 1st Casualty Press. Archived from the original on September 1, 2011. Retrieved 2 August 2012.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
- Ehrhart, W.D. (Editor) (1985). "Bedtime Story". Carrying the Darkness. Texas Tech University Press. Retrieved August 2, 2012.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
- Pohl, Frederik (January 26, 2010). "Gus Hasford: The Libraries' Very Best Customer". The Way The Future Blogs. Archived from the original on January 29, 2011. Retrieved January 26, 2010.
- "Book theft articles".
- Hasford, Gustav (January 1, 1990). The Phantom Blooper: A Novel of Vietnam (1st ed.). Bantam Books. ISBN 978-0553057188.
- Salzberg, Charles (1990). "IN SHORT; FICTION: THE PHANTOM BLOOPER. By Gustav Hasford. (Bantam, $17.95.)". The New York Times. Retrieved April 10, 2018.
- Ross, Matthew Samuel (2010). "An Examination of the life and work of Gustav Hasford, Paper 236". UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones.
- "Jerry Gustave 'Gus' Hasford". Findagrave.
- Bierce, Ambrose. "Unpublished: The Vietnam Trilogy". gustavhasford.com. Archived from the original on 2011-03-04. "Apparently by the time he'd finished The Phantom Blooper, Gus was already planning to write a third Viet Nam novel. Apparently, not much work was ever completed on this book, which had many possible titles, one of them Exit Wounds. The story involved Private Joker taking a job as a reporter in Los Angeles in the years after the war."
- "Author Information for Gustav Hasford". This Goodly Land: Alabama's Literary Landscape. Alabama Center for the Book. Archived from the original on 2008-05-13.