Gustav von Bunge

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Gustav von Bunge
Gustav von Bunge.jpg
Born (1844-01-19)January 19, 1844
Dorpat
Died November 5, 1920(1920-11-05) (aged 76)
Basel
Fields Physiological chemistry
Institutions University of Basel
Alma mater
Notable students Hans Hunziker
Known for Research regarding alcoholism

Gustav von Bunge (19 January 1844, Dorpat – 5 November 1920, Basel) was a German physiologist known for work in the field of nutrition physiology. He was the son of botanist Alexander Bunge (1803–1890).

In 1874 he received his degree in chemistry at the University of Dorpat, followed by a doctorate in medicine at the University of Leipzig in 1882. At Dorpat, he had as instructors, Friedrich Bidder (1810–1894) and Carl Schmidt (1822–1894). In 1885 he became an associate professor, and from 1886 until his death in 1920, he served as a professor of physiological chemistry at the University of Basel.

Among his more important studies were the interplay of potassium and sodium within the body; the association of sodium chloride with metabolism, and analytic studies of iron metabolism.[1]

He was the author of treatises on alcoholic spirits, of which he denounced as a "threat to health and heredity".[2] His name is associated with "Bunge's rule", a nutritional law based on his research of human and animal milk – "that nutrients in milk are proportional to the growth of the offspring".[3]

Works by Bunge that have been translated into English[edit]

  • "Text-book of physiological and pathological chemistry", (translated from the fourth German edition by Florence A. Starling and edited by Ernest H. Starling).[4] (Digital edition in German by the University and State Library Düsseldorf)
  • "The alcohol question", 1886.
  • "Alcoholic Poisoning and Degeneration", 1905.
  • "Text-book of organic chemistry for medical students", 1907.[5]

References[edit]