Gustav von Escherich

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Gustav Ritter von Escherich
Born 1 June 1849
Mantua, Austrian Empire
Died 28 January 1935(1935-01-28) (aged 85)
Vienna, Federal State of Austria
Residence Austria
Citizenship Austrian
Alma mater University of Vienna
(PhD, 1873)
Known for Monatshefte für Mathematik und Physik
Austrian Mathematical Society
Scientific career
Fields Mathematics
Institutions University of Vienna
University of Graz
Graz University of Technology
Doctoral advisor Johannes Frischauf
Karl Friesach
Doctoral students Johann Radon

Gustav Ritter von Escherich (1 June 1849 – 28 January 1935) was an Austrian mathematician.

Biography[edit]

Born in Mantua, he studied mathematics and physics at the University of Vienna. From 1876 to 1879 he was professor at the University of Graz. In 1882 he went to the Graz University of Technology and in 1884 he went to the University of Vienna, where he also was president of the university in 1903/04.

Together with Emil Weyr he founded the journal Monatshefte für Mathematik und Physik and together with Ludwig Boltzmann and Emil Müller he founded the Austrian Mathematical Society.

Escherich died in Vienna.

Work on hyperbolic geometry[edit]

Following Eugenio Beltrami's (1868) discussion of hyperbolic geometry, Escherich in 1874 published a paper named "The geometry on surfaces of constant negative curvature". He used coordinates initially introduced by Christoph Gudermann (1830) for spherical geometry, which were adapted by Escherich using hyperbolic functions. For the case of translation of points on this surface of negative curvature, Escherich gave the following transformation on page 510:[1]

and

which can be identified with the relativistic velocity addition formula by setting

and

or with a Lorentz boost by setting

.

These are in fact the relations between the coordinates of Gudermann/Escherich and the Weierstrass coordinates of the hyperboloid model - this relation was pointed out by Homersham Cox (1882, p. 186),[2] see History of Lorentz transformations#Escherich.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Escherich, G. von (1874). "Die Geometrie auf den Flächen constanter negativer Krümmung". Wiener Sitzungsberichte IIa. 69: 497–526. 
  2. ^ Cox, H. (1881). "Homogeneous coordinates in imaginary geometry and their application to systems of forces". The quarterly journal of pure and applied mathematics. 18 (70): 178–192. }

External links[edit]