Gustave Achille Guillaumet

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Gustave Guillaumet
Born Puteaux
Died Paris
Nationality French
Field Painting, Writing
Training École des Beaux-Arts
Movement Orientalism

Gustave Achille Guillaumet (1840–1887) was a French artist. He is best known for his paintings of north Africa.

Early life[edit]

Gustave Guillaumet was born in 1840 in Puteaux (now in the Hauts-de-Seine, Paris).

Career[edit]

Le Sahara

Guillaumet was initially a student of François-Edouard Picot[1][2] and Félix-Joseph Barrias.[3][4] In 1857 he joined the École nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts in Paris[5] where he became a student of Alexandre Abel de Pujol.[6][7]

In 1861 Guillaumet entered the Historical Landscape category of the Prix de Rome[citation needed] for a scholarship to study at the Academy of France in Rome. On failing to win, he instead travelled across the Mediterranean to Algeria, in north Africa. While there he contracted malaria and had to spend three months at the military hospital in Biskra[citation needed].

Guillaumet visited Algeria ten times between 1861 and 1867.[8] He preferred to travel in the south[citation needed] and many of his works depict the life of the people of the desert.

Whereas Orientalism generally gave a deliberately idealised or anecdotal picture of north Africa, Guillaumet's work was notable for portraying the harshness of life in a desert region. The Sahara features the carcass of a camel in the foreground with a caravan - or mirage of one - on the horizon and empty desert in-between. It was first exhibited to considerable success at the Salon of 1868. Paul de Saint-Victor and Théophile Gautier particularly praised the still life quality of the work.[9][10]

Between 1879 and 1884 La Nouvelle Revue published tableaux of Algerian scenes collected together by Guillaumet. These were later published as a book, Tableaux Algériens. It includes twelve echings by Guillaumet, Courtry, Paul Edmé Le Rat, Adolphe-Alphonse Géry-Bichard, August Müller and Toussaint; six photogravures by Dujardin and one hundred and twenty-eight engravings in relief from drawings and sketches by Guillaumet, himself. The book was published in 1888, after Guillaumet's death and is prefaced by a note on his life by Eugène Mouton.[11][12]

In 1878, Guillaumet was made a Knight of the Legion of Honour, the highest decoration in France.[13]

Personal life[edit]

His son Gustave Guillaume (whose family name was changed), born in 1883, became a famous linguist.

Death[edit]

Model for the sculpture on Guillaumet's tomb.

Guillaumet died in Paris in 1887. Speculation about the circumstances of his death, supposedly of peritonitis, was published in The New York Times on April 6. The article claimed that Guillaumet had left his wife and son to live with "a lady who was his senior by many years" but that a few weeks before his death he had shot himself following an argument with his mistress.

"The bullet lodged in his intestines, and he lingered from that moment in the agonies of a painful illness, terminated by death. His last words after the bullet had entered his body were for his wife and son, who, on being informed of the tragical occurrence, came and nursed him until his death. The painter died in his studio, whither he was carried at his own request. He wanted to see his Oriental sketches for the last time."

—unattributed, The New York Times, April 6, 1887[14]

Guilaumet is buried in Montmartre cemetery. His tomb bears a sculpture by Louis-Ernest Barrias of a Young girl from Bou Saâda, dropping flowers onto a portrait of Guillaumet embossed on a medallion.[15]

Paintings[edit]

Selected works[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gustave Guillaumet. In 'Art Experts, Inc.'. Retrieved 08:54, April 2, 2012, from http://www.artexpertswebsite.com/pages/artists/guillaumet.php
  2. ^ Gustave Achille Guillaumet. In 'Art Renewal Center Museum'. Retrieved 09:04, April 2, 2012, from http://www.artrenewal.org/pages/artist.php?artistid=293
  3. ^ Gustave Guillaumet. In 'Art Experts, Inc.'. Retrieved 08:54, April 2, 2012, from http://www.artexpertswebsite.com/pages/artists/guillaumet.php
  4. ^ Gustave Achille Guillaumet. In 'Art Renewal Center Museum'. Retrieved 09:04, April 2, 2012, from http://www.artrenewal.org/pages/artist.php?artistid=293
  5. ^ Gustave Guillaumet. In 'The National Gallery'. Retrieved 19:13, April 1, 2012, from http://www.nationalgallery.org.uk/artists/gustave-guillaumet
  6. ^ Gustave Guillaumet. In 'Art Experts, Inc.'. Retrieved 08:54, April 2, 2012, from http://www.artexpertswebsite.com/pages/artists/guillaumet.php
  7. ^ Gustave Achille Guillaumet. In 'Art Renewal Center Museum'. Retrieved 09:04, April 2, 2012, from http://www.artrenewal.org/pages/artist.php?artistid=293
  8. ^ Mountains in North Africa, with a Bedouin Camp. In National Gallery. Retrieved 18:45, April 2, 2012, from http://www.nationalgallery.org.uk/paintings/gustave-guillaumet-mountains-in-north-africa-with-a-bedouin-camp
  9. ^ Boer, Ingrid E. Uncertain Territories: Boundaries in Cultural Analysis. Rodopi, 2006. pp.109-11
  10. ^ Le Sahara also called Le désert. In 'Musée d'Orsay'. Retrieved 09:35, April 2, 2012, from http://www.musee-orsay.fr/en/collections/works-in-focus/painting/commentaire_id/the-sahara-3070.html?tx_commentaire_pi1[pidLi]=509&tx_commentaire_pi1[from]=841&cHash=49c94776ae
  11. ^ GUILLAUMET (Gustave). In 'Librería Anticuaria Comellas'. Retrieved 22:51, April 2, 2012, from http://www.livres-rares.com/livres/GUILLAUMET_Gustave-_Tableaux_Algeriens_Ouvrage_illustre_de_douze_eaux-fortes_par_Guillaumet_Co-95885.asp
  12. ^ "La Nouvelle Revue - 1875-1879." Wikisource. 28 juil 2007, 10:05 UTC. 28 juil 2007, 10:05 <//fr.wikisource.org/w/index.php?title=La_Nouvelle_Revue_-_1875-1879&oldid=307351>
  13. ^ Norman, Geraldine. Nineteenth-century Painters and Paintings: A Dictionary. University of California Press, 1978, p102
  14. ^ Painter Guillaumet's tragic death. The New York Times, April 6, 1887. Retrieved 00:34, April 3, 2012, from http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=F20E11F6355A1A738DDDAF0894DC405B8784F0D3
  15. ^ P1070012 by jimread99. In 'Flickr'. Retrieved 17:15, April 2, 2012, from http://www.flickr.com/photos/zeppo2/6289618787/

External links[edit]