Gustave Boulanger

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Gustave Boulanger
Gustave Clarence Rodolphe Boulanger (1824-1886).jpg
Gustave Clarence Rodolphe Boulanger

25 April 1824
DiedOctober 1888
EducationPierre-Jules Jollivet; Delaroche; École de Rome
MovementAcademic art, Orientalist themes

Gustave Clarence Rodolphe Boulanger (25 April 1824 – October 1888) was a French figure painter known for his classical and Orientalist subjects.

Life and career[edit]

The Harem

Boulanger was born at Paris in 1824. He was orphaned at age 14, and his uncle and guardian subsequently sent him to the studio of Pierre-Jules Jollivet and then to Delaroche in 1840. In 1849 took the Prix de Rome with his painting, Ulysses, a work which combined a classical approach with Orientalist overtones.[1]

In 1845, he first visited Algeria and this gave him an interest in Orientalist themes, which was taken up later by his friend Jean-Léon Gérome. Boulanger's knowledge of Pompeii, which he visited while studying at the École de Rome, also gave him ideas for many future pictures. His paintings are prime examples of academic art of the time, particularly history painting. Boulanger had visited Italy, Greece, and North Africa, and his paintings reflect his attention to culturally correct details and skill in rendering the female form.[2] His works include a Moorish Cafe (1848), Cæsar at the Rubicon (1865), the Promenade in the Street of Tombs, Pompeii (1869), and The Slave Market (1888). The recipient of many medals, he became a member of the Institut de France in 1882.[1]

He began teaching at the Institut de France in 1882 and was an influential teacher, noted for his dislike of the Impressionism.


Boulanger taught at Académie Julian,[3] among his students were :


See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Boulanger, Gustave". New International Encyclopaedia. 3. Dodd, Mead and Company. 1906. pp. 861–62. Retrieved 7 July 2011.
  2. ^ Masler, Marilyn (2009). "Embracing the Academic Tradition". In Masler, Marilyn; Pacini, Marina (eds.). Carl Gutherz: Poetic Vision and Academic Ideals. Jackson, Tennessee: University Press of Mississippi. pp. 38–39. ISBN 978-0-915525-11-9.
  3. ^ (fr) Gallica . French archives
  4. ^ a b Waller, S. (ed.), Foreign Artists and Communities in Modern Paris, 1870-1914: Strangers in Paradise, Routledge, 2017, p. 119
  5. ^ Ernst Friedrich von Liphart, RusArtnet, retrieved 1 January 2014
  6. ^ "Calton Gallery - Alexander Ignatius Roche RSA NEAC RP (1861-1921)".
  7. ^ "biography of Elmer Boyd SMITH (1860-1943)". artprice. Retrieved Oct 7, 2018.
  8. ^ "Biography of Albert Beck Wenzell".
  9. ^ "Willard L. Metcalf | Smithsonian American Art Museum".
  10. ^ Levy, Florence N., editor. American Art Annual, 1903-1904, vol. IV, part II, p. 78.


wikisource-logo.svg This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainGilman, D. C.; Peck, H. T.; Colby, F. M., eds. (1905). "Gustave Boulanger". New International Encyclopedia (1st ed.). New York: Dodd, Mead.