Gustavus Adolphus Day
|Gustavus Adolphus Day|
|Observed by||Sweden, Finland, Estonia|
|Significance||Anniversary of the death of King Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden at the Battle of Lützen (1632)|
|Related to||Finnish Swedish Heritage Day|
Gustavus Adolphus Day (Swedish: Gustav Adolfsdagen) is celebrated in Sweden and some other countries on 6 November in memory of King Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden, who was killed on that date (old style) in 1632 at the Battle of Lützen in the Thirty Years' War. The day is named for the king and is a general flag day in Sweden and in Finland. The day was formerly celebrated with torchlight processions and patriotic speeches. Today what remains is mainly the consumption of the Gustavus Adolphus pastry (Gustav Adolfsbakelse in Swedish) on this day, with a chocolate or marzipan relief of that king on top.
According to the Gregorian calendar, the king died on 16 November, but the Julian calendar ("old style") was still used in Protestant Sweden at the time and that date – 6 November – is still used now.
Gustavus Adolphus Day has been celebrated since the early 19th century and became especially popular after the 200th anniversary celebration of the king's death in 1832. In Sweden, the day is especially observed in Gothenburg, which was founded by the king, but also in cities with old educational traditions, such as Uppsala, where he donated considerable funding to the university, and in cities where the military traditionally has been based.
The day has been celebrated in Finland since 1908 by the Swedish speakers as Svenska dagen, Finnish Swedish Heritage Day. In Estonia, which like Finland was a part of Sweden during the reign of Gustavus Adolphus, the day is known as Gustav Adolfi päev. In all three countries, 6 November is the name day for Gustav Adolf, Gustavus Adolphus' name in Swedish, or Kustaa Aadolf, the name in Finnish.
- Nationalencyklopedin, Gustav Adolfsdagen.
- Nationalencyklopedin, Gustav II Adolf.
- "Gustav Adolfs-bakelsens historia" (in Swedish). Danska wienerbageriet. Retrieved 5 February 2014.
- "Flag days - Sweden". Flags of the World. Retrieved 20 February 2014.
- "Flying the Flag". Finnish Ministry of the Interior. Archived from the original on 11 November 2015. Retrieved 20 February 2014.
- "Swedish namedays in Finland". Vardsvenska. Retrieved 20 February 2014.
- "Finnish namedays". Vardsvenska. Retrieved 20 February 2014.