Gustavus Hamilton, 1st Viscount Boyne

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Gustavus Hamilton, 1st Viscount Boyne PC (Ire) (1642 – 16 September 1723)[1] was an Irish peer, soldier and politician.

Background[edit]

He was the third son of Hon. Frederick Hamilton, fifth and youngest son of the 1st Lord Paisley, and his wife Sidney Vaughan, daughter of Sir John Vaughan.[2] Hamilton was educated at Trinity College, Dublin and was awarded the degree of a Doctor of Civil Law in 1677.[3]

Career[edit]

Hamilton was captain in the English Army and was sworn of the Privy Council of England on the accession of King James II of England in 1685.[2] Shortly after this he quit his service and therefore was attained.[2] In the Glorious Revolution, he was appointed colonel of the 20th Foot by William of Orange in 1689 and fought with his regiment in the Siege of Derry and then in the Storming of Athlone, becoming the town's governor.[2] In the Battle of the Boyne in the following year, his horse was shot under him and he almost killed.[2] He was promoted to brigadier-general in 1696[2] and major-general in 1704.[4] Boyne served as Vice-Admiral of Ulster from 1691 until 1710 and again from 1716 until his death in 1723.[5]

From 1692 to 1713, Hamilton sat in the Irish House of Commons for Donegal County.[6] Subsequently he was returned for Strabane until 1715,[6] when he was elevated to the Peerage of Ireland as Baron Hamilton of Stackallan, in the County of Meath.[7] On 20 August 1717, Hamilton was further honoured, when he was created Viscount Boyne, in the Province of Leinster, also in the Irish Peerage.[8] In 1710, he was invested to the Privy Council of Ireland.[9]

Family[edit]

He married Elizabeth Brooke, second daughter of Sir Henry Brooke.[10] They had three sons and a daughter.[3] Hamilton died and was buried at Stackallen in County Meath.[3] His oldest son Frederick having predeceased him in 1715, Hamilton was succeeded in his titles by his grandson Gustavus.[10] Hamilton's second son Gustavus, the father of the 3rd Viscount Boyne and 4th Viscount Boyne, represented Donegal County as well as Boyne's third son Henry.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Leigh Rayment - Peerage". Retrieved 26 April 2009. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f Lodge, John (1789). Mervyn Archdall, ed. The Peerage of Ireland or A Genealogical History of the Present Nobility of that Kingdom. vol. V. Dublin: James Moore. pp. 173–180. 
  3. ^ a b c "ThePeerage - Lt-Gen Gustavus Hamilton, 1st Viscount Boyne". Retrieved 26 April 2009. 
  4. ^ Haydn, Joseph (1851). The Book of Dignities: Containing Rolls of the Official Personages of the British Empire. London: Longman, Brown, Green and Longman's. p. 333. 
  5. ^ "Institute of Historical Research - Vice Admirals of the Coasts from 1660". Retrieved 26 April 2009. [dead link]
  6. ^ a b "Leigh Rayment - Irish House of Commons 1692-1800". Retrieved 26 April 2009. 
  7. ^ The London Gazette: no. 5368. p. 2. 27 September 1715. Retrieved 26 April 2009.
  8. ^ The London Gazette: no. 5561. p. 1. 3 August 1717. Retrieved 26 April 2009.
  9. ^ "Leigh Rayment - Privy Council of Ireland". Retrieved 26 April 2009. 
  10. ^ a b Debrett, John (1828). Debrett's Peerage of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. vol. II (17th ed.). London: G. Woodfall. p. 765. 
  11. ^ Burke, John (1832). A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Peerage and Baronetage of the British Empire. vol. I (4th ed.). London: Henry Colburn and Richard Bentley. p. 136. 
Parliament of Ireland
Preceded by
Unknown
Member of Parliament for Donegal County
1692–1713
With: Charles Hamilton 1692–1695
Henry Conyngham 1695–1707
Frederick Hamilton 1707–1713
Succeeded by
Frederick Hamilton
Sir Ralph Gore, 4th Bt
Preceded by
James Topham
Oliver McCausland
Member of Parliament for Strabane
1713–1715
With: Oliver McCausland
Succeeded by
Richard Stewart
Oliver McCausland
Military offices
Preceded by
Sir Richard Peyton
Colonel of Gustavus Hamilton's Regiment of Foot
1689–1706
Succeeded by
John Newton
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Unknown
Vice-Admiral of Ulster
1691–1710
Succeeded by
Frederick Hamilton
Preceded by
Frederick Hamilton
Vice-Admiral of Ulster
1716–1723
Succeeded by
Henry Conyngham
Peerage of Ireland
New creation Viscount Boyne
1717–1723
Succeeded by
Gustavus Hamilton
Baron Hamilton of Stackallan
1715–1723