Guwahati

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For northern areas, see North Guwahati.
Guwahati
গুৱাহাটী
Pragjyotishpura (Ancient), Gauhati (Modern)
Metropolitan city
Guwahati sg.png
Guwahati is located in Assam
Guwahati
Guwahati
Location of Guwahati in Assam
Coordinates: 26°11′N 91°44′E / 26.183°N 91.733°E / 26.183; 91.733Coordinates: 26°11′N 91°44′E / 26.183°N 91.733°E / 26.183; 91.733
Country India
State Assam
Region Lower Assam
District Kamrup Metropolitan district
Government
 • Type Republic
 • Body Guwahati Municipal Corporation
 • Mayor Abir Patra
(Indian National Congress)
 • Deputy Commissioner Dr. M Angamuthu, IAS[1]
Elevation 55.5 m (182.1 ft)
Population
 • Rank 48th
 • Metro 960,787
Languages
 • Official Assamese, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 781 XXX
Telephone code +91 - (0) 361 - XX XX XXX
Vehicle registration AS-01 (Kamrup Metro) / AS-25 (Kamrup Rural)
Planning agency Guwahati Metropolitan Development Authority
Climate Cwa (Köppen)
Website www.gmcportal.in

Guwahati (Listeni/ɡʊwəˈhɑːti/; Pragjyotishpura in ancient Assam, Gauhati in the modern era) is the largest city of Assam and one of the fastest growing cities in India.[2]

The ancient cities of Pragjyotishpura and Durjaya (North Guwahati) were the capitals of the ancient state of Kamarupa under the Varman and Pala dynasties.[3][4][5][6][7] Many ancient Hindu temples are in the city, giving it the name "City of Temples". Dispur, the capital of Assam, is in the circuit city region located within Guwahati and is the seat of the Government of Assam.

Guwahati lies between the banks of the Brahmaputra River and the foothills of the Shillong plateau, with LGB International Airport to the west and the town of Narengi to the east. It is gradually being expanded as North Guwahati to the northern bank of the Brahmaputra. The noted Madan Kamdev is situated 30 kilometres (19 mi) from Guwahati. The Guwahati Municipal Corporation (GMC), the city's local government, administers an area of 216 square kilometres (83 sq mi), while the Guwahati Metropolitan Development Authority (GMDA) planning and development body administers an area of 360 square kilometres (140 sq mi). Today the city is the second largest metropolitan area in eastern India after Kolkata.[8]

The Guwahati region hosts diverse wildlife including rare animals such as Asian elephants, pythons, tigers, rhinoceros, gaurs, primate species, and endangered birds.[9][10]

History[edit]

Ancient History[edit]

Epigraphic sources place the capitals of many ancient kingdoms in Guwahati. It was the capital of the kings Narakasura and Bhagadatta according to the Mahabharata.[11] Located within Guwahati is the ancient sakti temple of Goddess Kamakhya in Nilachal hill (an important seat of Tantric and Vajrayana Buddhism), the ancient and unique astrological temple Navagraha in Chitrachal Hill, and archaeological remains in Basista and other archaeological locations of mythological importance.

A view of Kamakhya Temple

The Ambari[12][13] excavations trace the city to the 4th century AD. During earlier periods of the city's history it was known as Pragjyotishpura, and was the capital of Assam under the Varman Dynasty of the Kamarupa kingdom. Descriptions by Xuanzang (Hiuen Tsang) reveal that during the reign of the Varman king Bhaskar Varman (7th century AD) the city stretched for about 30 li (15 km)[14][citation needed] and according to Xuanzang was a principal base for a strong naval force of 30,000 war-boats, with officers who were experts in sea-routes from the Indian Ocean to China.[citation needed] The city remained as the capital of Assam until the 10th-11th century AD under the rule of the Pala dynasty. Archaeological evidence by excavations in Ambari, and excavated brick walls and houses discovered during construction of the present Cotton College's auditorium suggest the city was of economic and strategic importance until the 9th-11th century AD.[citation needed]

Medieval Era[edit]

The city was the seat of the Borphukan, the civil military authority of the Lower Assam region appointed by the Ahom kings. The Borphukan's residence was in the present Fancy Bazaar area, and his council-hall, called Dopdar, was about 300 yards (270 m) to the west of the Bharalu stream. The Majindar Baruah, the personal secretary of the Borphukan, had his residence in the present-day deputy commissioner's residence.[15]

The Mughals invaded Assam seventeen times, and they were defeated by the Ahoms in Battle of Itakhuli and Battle of Saraighat. During the Battle of Saraighat, fought in Saraighat in 1671, the Mughals were overrun due to the strong leadership and hard work of Lachit Borphukan. There was an ancient boat yard in Brahmaputra, probably used by the Ahoms in medieval times.[citation needed] Medieval constructions include temples, ramparts, etc. in the city.[16][17]

Modern Era[edit]

The city experienced a brief period of Burmese rule during the Burmese invasions of Assam from 1817 to 1826. After the First Anglo-Burmese War, the city became a part of the British Indian Empire Vide Yandabo Teaty on 24th Feb 1826. Later, the city was an active site of the Indian Independence Movement, being the birthplace of many independence activists such as Tarun Ram Phukan.[18]

Panoramic view of Guwahati City

Climate[edit]

Guwahati has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cwa), falling just short of a tropical savanna climate (Köppen climate classification Aw).

Climate data for Guwahati (Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 29.6
(85.3)
35.7
(96.3)
38.6
(101.5)
40.1
(104.2)
40.3
(104.5)
38.5
(101.3)
37.5
(99.5)
38.0
(100.4)
37.8
(100)
37.0
(98.6)
33.0
(91.4)
30.9
(87.6)
40.3
(104.5)
Average high °C (°F) 23.6
(74.5)
26.0
(78.8)
29.9
(85.8)
30.7
(87.3)
31.0
(87.8)
31.9
(89.4)
31.7
(89.1)
32.1
(89.8)
31.4
(88.5)
30.2
(86.4)
27.5
(81.5)
24.4
(75.9)
29.2
(84.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 17.1
(62.8)
19.0
(66.2)
22.9
(73.2)
25.3
(77.5)
26.7
(80.1)
28.4
(83.1)
28.5
(83.3)
28.8
(83.8)
27.9
(82.2)
26.0
(78.8)
22.2
(72)
18.1
(64.6)
24.2
(75.6)
Average low °C (°F) 10.5
(50.9)
11.9
(53.4)
15.7
(60.3)
19.9
(67.8)
22.4
(72.3)
24.8
(76.6)
25.3
(77.5)
25.4
(77.7)
24.4
(75.9)
21.9
(71.4)
16.8
(62.2)
11.8
(53.2)
19.2
(66.6)
Record low °C (°F) 3.0
(37.4)
5.3
(41.5)
8.5
(47.3)
10.3
(50.5)
16.4
(61.5)
20.6
(69.1)
21.6
(70.9)
22.3
(72.1)
19.9
(67.8)
13.8
(56.8)
10.0
(50)
4.9
(40.8)
3.0
(37.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 8
(0.31)
21
(0.83)
47
(1.85)
181
(7.13)
226
(8.9)
309
(12.17)
377
(14.84)
227
(8.94)
199
(7.83)
92
(3.62)
25
(0.98)
10
(0.39)
1,722
(67.8)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 1.4 2.8 5.2 12.5 15.1 16.6 20.0 15.4 13.3 5.9 2.2 0.9 111.3
Average relative humidity (%) 79 65 57 68 75 81 83 82 83 82 82 82 77
Mean monthly sunshine hours 225.5 213.8 220.1 200.6 191.1 133.1 123.7 161.6 139.0 205.8 230.9 231.7 2,276.9
Source #1: NOAA[19]
Source #2: India Meteorological Department (record high and low up to 2010)[20]

Urban morphology[edit]

Guwahati's urban morphology
Rush Hour at Guwahati Club

Guwahati's 'urban form' radiates from a central core with growth corridors radiating and extending towards the south, east and west. With a core in the central areas, the city has tentacles extending in the form of growth corridors towards south, east and west. In the past few decades, southern Guwahati areas such as Ganeshguri, Beltola, Panjabari, etc. began forming a southern sub-center surrounding the capital complex at Dispur. The core area[21] consists of the old city with Pan Bazaar, Paltan Bazaar, Fancy Bazaar and Uzan Bazaar, with each area facilitating unique urban activities. While Paltan Bazaar is the hub for transportation and hotels, Pan Bazaar is centered on educational, administrative, cultural activities, offices and restaurants. Fancy Bazaar is the hub for retail and wholesale commercial activities, and Uzan Bazaar mainly contains administrative, retail and residential areas. With these bustling areas, the city core is a busy and lively part of Guwahati. Ulubari, Lachit Nagar, Chandmari and Zoo Road (R.G. Baruah Road), which have a mix of retail-commercial and residential areas, can be considered as additional parts of the core.[22][23]

Among the city corridors, the most important is the corridor formed along the Guwahati-Shillong (GS) Road towards the south (almost 15 km from the city-center). The GS Road corridor is an important commercial area with retail, wholesale and commercial offices developed along the main road; it is also a densely-built residential area in the inner parts. The capital complex of Assam at Dispur is situated in this corridor. This corridor has facilitated the growth of a southern city sub-center at Ganeshguri, along with other residential areas to the south developed during the past few decades.[24][25]

The corridor extending towards the west (around 30 km from the city-center) contains a rail-road linking not only Guwahati but also other parts of the North Eastern Region east of Guwahati to western Assam and the rest of India. The corridor links residential and historically important areas such as Nilachal Hill (Kamakhya), Pandu, and Maligaon (headquarters of Northeast Frontier Railways) before it separates into two - one towards North Guwahati via the Saraighat Bridge and the other continuing west towards LGB International Airport via the University of Gauhati (Jalukbari). There are also many river ports/jetties along this corridor.[26][27]

The third major corridor extends towards the east (around 15 km from the city-center) linking Noonmati (Guwahati Oil Refinery - IOC Ltd.) and Narengi, and has facilitated residential growth along it. Highway NH 37, which encircles the city's southern parts and links the southern corridor in Noumile to the western corridor in Jalukbari is currently supporting rapid development. Similarly, the VIP Road linking Zoo Road with the eastern corridor and recently completed Hengerabari-Narengi Road are also supporting massive residential development to the east.[28][29]

Guwahati is one among the 98 Indian cities which will be upgraded to Smart Cities under a project embarked on by Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India. With the grade of a Smart city, Guwahati will have highly up-to-date and radical provisions like regular and continuous electric supply, first-rate traffic and transport system, superior health care and many other prime utilities. Under this scheme, the city will use digital technology that will act as the integral mechanism of the aforesaid facilities and thereby elevate the lifestyle of the citizens of Guwahati.[30][31]

Governance[edit]

Guwahati Municipal Corporation (GMC) is the local body responsible for governing, developing and managing the city. GMC is further divided into 60 municipal wards.[32] Guwahati Metropolitan Development Authority (GMDA) is an agency responsible for planning and development of the greater Guwahati Metropolitan Area, which is revising the Guwahati Master Plan and Building Bylaws. Guwahati Development Department, a special department of the Government of Assam, was formed for Guwahati's overall development.

Guwahati consists of four assembly constituencies: Jalukbari, Dispur, Gauhati East and Gauhati West,[33] all of which are part of Gauhati (Lok Sabha constituency).[34]

Infrastructure[edit]

Although a medium sized city, ranking 48th in terms of population in India according to the 2011 census, the city's quality of life is comparatively high.[35] A 2006 survey ranked Guwahati 17th among all the major and medium sized Indian cities.[36] The city provides competitive residential and working environments with beautiful landscapes, pleasant climate, modern shopping areas, modern apartments and bungalows, and considerably developed social infrastructure. A centrally funded four-lane, ambitious East-West Corridor will pass through Guwahati and connect all the North-Eastern state capitals. Completion of the project will boost the vital upliftment of the whole North-Eastern region.[37]

The city still needs attention to improve its infrastructure. Funding from the Asian Development Bank is providing assistance to improve Guwahati's transportation infrastructure along with a substantial amount from JNNURM (Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission) for its development.[38]

Demographics[edit]

Religions in Guwahati
Religion Percent
Hindus
  
80%
Muslims
  
13%
Christians
  
5%
Others†
  
2%
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (0.2%), Buddhists (<0.2%).

Guwahati is one of the fastest growing cities in India.[39] The city's population grew from just 200,000 in 1971 to more than 500,000 in 1991. In the 2001 census, the city's population was 808,021. By 2012, the population of the rapidly growing metropolitan area had risen to 1.5 million. It is estimated that Guwahati metropolis will house 2.8 million residents by 2025.[40]

In 2011, males constituted 55 percent and females 45 percent of Guwahati's residents while nearly 9.1 percent of the population was under 6 years of age. Guwahati has an average literacy rate of 91 percent, with male literacy at 92% and female literacy 89%. The sex ratio of Guwahati city is 918 per 1000 males. Child sex ratio of girls is 1009 per 1000 boys. The major religion followed is Hinduism, closely followed by Islam. While there is a sizeable population of Christians, Sikhs and Jains. Assamese and Bengali are the most widely understood languages. Hindi is also spoken and understood by a huge portion of the population. Nepali, Khasi, Garo, Bodo, Manipuri and several other minority languages exist.


Economy[edit]

Guwahati metropolis has a GDP of more than $1 billion. Important economic activities of the place include transportation, commerce, trade and services. Guwahati is the major retail and marketing hub of the region and also a wholesale distribution center. Some of the essential industries and sectors influencing the economy are oil (Guwahati Refinery), tea (Guwahati Tea Auction Centre), tourism, hospitality, banking and financial services, real estate, pharmaceuticals, electronics, textiles and handicrafts, print and electronic media.[41]

Education and health facilities[edit]

Main article: Education in Assam

The city is home to Gauhati University in Jalukbari. Gauhati University was the first university in Assam to be set up in 1948. It was also the first premier educational institute to be set up in the North-East India. Gauhati University was recently ranked among the top 26 universities of India according to a survey by India Today.

The century-old Cotton College is one of the most reputed colleges in eastern India and possesses great scholastic and cultural value. The Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati is the sixth member of IITs in India. Since its establishment in 1994, IIT Guwahati has proven itself as an institution for research and education. The Assam Engineering College and the Gauhati Medical College and Hospital which include Regional Dental College and Regional College of Nursing are two important institutions for science and technology and medical education. The institute for Pharmaceutical Education and Research, under the mentorship of GMCH, started functioning from September 2008.[42] National Law University and Judicial Academy, Assam which is one of the fourteen National Law Universities of India was established in 2010 and is in the field of legal education in North East India.[43]

Guwahati has a branches of top law colleges in North East India are BRM Govt. Law College, NEF Law College, J.B. Law College, Dispur Law College.

Among the city's many other institutions of higher learning are the Gauhati Commerce College, College of Veterinary Science under AAU, Government Ayurvedic College, Arya Vidyapeeth College, B. Borooah College, Handique Girls College (they all have both Arts and Science streams), Assam Engineering Institute (engineering diploma courses), Icon Commerce College), Narangi Anchalik Mahavidyalaya, Pandu College, LCB College, West Guwahati Commerce College, K.C. Das Commerce College, Dispur College, Swadeshi College of Commerce, and Pragjyotish College. The Guwahati campus of TISS was also established here in 2010.

Some other professional courses like the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI), Institute of Company Secretaries of India (ICSI) and Institute of Cost and Works Accountants of India (ICWAI). Apart from those, Assam Institute of Management, North Eastern Regional Institute of Management (NERIM), Royal Group of Institutions, Asian Institute of Management and Technology, Darwin School of Business, Girijananda Chowdhury Institute of Management and Technology, Azara, NETES Institute of Technology and Science Mirza, Institute of Strategic Business Management (ISBM), Guwahati Institute of Technology (GIT), NEF College of Management & Technology, Hindustan College,and Central IT College are notable institutes of higher education. Guwahati College of Architecture offers Bachelor in Architecture (B.Arch) and Masters in Architecture (M.Arch). The city has Don Bosco University, the first state-approved private university in Assam and North East India at Azara, outskirts of the city . The Kamrup College of Vocational Training provides education and training on vocational and professional management courses. It is home to many good schools like Asom Jatiya Vidyalaya, Sanskriti The Gurukul(First Day-Boarding School in North-East) located at Gorchuk, Gurukul Grammar, Little Flower School, South Point School, DPS Guwahati, Don Bosco School, Holy Child School, Maharshi Vidya Mandir, Royal Global School, Faculty Higher Secondary School, Kendriya Vidyalayas and Miles Bronson Residential School.


Transport[edit]

GS Road, the main commercial hub of Guwahati at night

Air[edit]

Guwahati is served by the Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport, situated at Borjhar, about 20 km west from the heart of the city. Air connectivity has improved in the last couple of years with all major domestic airlines flying into Guwahati.[44]

Inside the LGB International Airport

Rail[edit]

Guwahati Railway station

Guwahati hosts the Headquarters of Northeast Frontier Railway zone of the Indian Railways. Guwahati Junction and Kamakhya Junction are two major stations of Guwahati provide railway services to the entire India.[citation needed]

The city lacks direct rail connectivity to Bhopal Junction, Indore Junction BG, Gwalior, Pune and many central and western cities of India.[citation needed]

Road[edit]

From the footbridge of Bharalumukh

National Highway 31 connects Guwahati with the states Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal. National Highway 37 from Goalpara in Assam to Dimapur in Nagaland traverses the entire length of Assam and connects Guwahati with almost all the major cities of Assam including the cities of Jorhat, Dibrugarh and Bongaigaon.

Local transport

Guwahati has a good public transit system. The government agency - Assam State Transport Corporation (ASTC) and many private operators provide a good city-bus system. It requires further modernization and integration with city planning and management initiatives. Guwahati is the first city in the North-east where low-floored buses were introduced. The length of surfaced road within the city is presently at 218 km (ARSAC).

A metro rail project has also been planned to relieve the chaotic traffic conditions on the streets.[45][46]

Three-wheeler auto rickshaws are available on metered fare basis.[47]

Growth issues[edit]

Increase in population[edit]

Guwahati has seen an alarmingly high rise in population in the past few years. People from other parts of the state and the region routinely migrate to the city chiefly for education and occupation resulting in undesirable expansion of population in the city, which further brings with it many collateral problems in the city.[48]

Price rise[edit]

One of the economic problems that the citizens of Guwahati have to put up with is the hike in prices of many essentials, chiefly vegetable, poultry and fish. The prices of these commodities keep escalating at an inordinate rate because of which the buyers find it difficult to buy these items. Vegetables are transported into Assam from West Bengal, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Delhi, Maharashtra and Meghalaya and the truckers en route have to pay considerable amount of money as tax at various check posts.[49][50] It is one of the causes of rise in prices of vegetables in the markets of Guwahati. The prices of locally available vegetables and fruits undergo large markup because of transportation expenses grounds, besides intra-State check posts taxes. In addition to these, the wholesale dealers as well as the retail sellers augment the prices of the commodities according to their own desires. The prices of poultry, mainly chicken that reach the city markets from places like Chaygaon and Barpeta have been soaring rapidly because of similar factors. There has been steep rise in the prices of fishes as well, the prominent varieties of which being Rohu (“Rou”), Catla (“Bahu”), Walking catfish (“Magur”) and Monopterus (“Kuchia”) among many others.[51][52]

Sports[edit]

Rongmon Statue at Sarusajai Stadium

Guwahati features the multi purpose Nehru Stadium, hosts mainly cricket and football; while the Kanaklata Indoor Stadium in the R.G. Baruah Sports Complex (in the Ulubari locality) is older sports complex of the city. There are smaller stadiums in Maligaon (the N.F. Railway Stadium) and in Paltan Bazaar area where the Sports Authority of India (SAI) complex is located.

The sporting infrastructures specially constructed for the 33rd National Games in 2007 include a large stadium at Sarusajai—the Indira Gandhi Athletic Stadium, the Dr. Zakir Hussain Aquatic Complex, and the Karmabir Nabin Chandra Bordoloi A.C. Indoor Hall. Other new sports structures include the Maulana Md. Tayabullah Hockey Stadium at Bhetapara, the Deshbhakta Tarun Ram Phookan Indoor Stadium at Ulubari, Rajiv Gandhi Indoor Stadium at Amingaon, Chachal Tennis Complex and Tepesia Sports Complex. The other renovated sports complexes include Ganesh Mandir Indoor Stadium, Khanapara, Rudra Singha Sports Complex, Dispur and Gauhati University sports stadium.

Guwahati is home to the Indian Super League club NorthEast United FC. The city hosts the very prestigious football tournament Bordoloi Trophy organized by Assam Football Association every year. Club like GTC: Gauhati Town Club, a very old and prestigious club of the state at Pan Bazar provides good sports facilities. The club has a football academy, cricket centre, chess foundation and a swimming centre where the prime thrust is given to groom the young and budding talents of the region.

Barsapara Cricket Stadium, a new cricket stadium is built at the suburbs of Guwahati, located in Barsapara. The stadium is being constructed by the Assam Cricket Association (ACA). With a seating capacity of 60,000 people and world class infrastructure it is pipped to be the 2nd home ground for Kolkata Knight Riders in IPL.

City based clubs
Club Sport League Stadium
NorthEast United FC Football ISL Indira Gandhi Athletic Stadium,Sarusajai
Gauhati Town Club Football I-League 2nd Division Judges Field
Green Valley F.C. Football I-League 2nd Division Nehru Stadium

Media[edit]

The popular Assamese daily newspapers published from the city are Dainik Agradoot, Asomiya Pratidin, Asomiya Khobor, Amar Asom, Dainik Janambhumi, Janasadharan, Niyamiya Barta, Dainik Asam, Ajir Asom and Gana Adhikar. English dailies are The Assam Tribune, The Sentinel, The Telegraph, The Times of India and Eastern Chronicle.

Doordarshan Kendra Guwahati provides composite satellite television services to north east region. The Guwahati-based 24 hour regional news channels include Focus NE, News Live, DY 365, Frontier TV, News Time Assam, Prag and News Network.

In FM Radio, All India Radio, 92.7 BIG FM, Radio Gup-Shup 94.3 FM, and Red FM 93.5 are FM stations of the city. Telecom services are BSNL, Aircel, Airtel, Vodafone, Reliance and Idea Cellular.

Places of interest[edit]

Dona Planet
Spanish Garden
Shine Towers

Shopping centres[edit]

The city has several shopping malls:[53]

  • Shine Towers[54]
  • Eastrends
  • The HUB
  • Ohio Shopping
  • Fort mall
  • Sohum Shoppe
  • Sohum Emporia
  • The Cube
  • Dona Planet
  • Westside
  • Pantaloons
  • Spanish Garden
  • Dihang Arcade
  • Big Bazaar
  • Metro Bazar
  • Vishal Megamart
  • Reliance Trendz
  • Megha Plaza
  • Anil Plaza
  • Shoppers Point
  • Fashion at Big Bazaar (FBB)
  • Anmol Bazar
  • Daily Bazar

Vishal megha mart

  • V2


Notable places in Guwahati[edit]

Pan Bazaar (Pron
pʌn bəˌzɑ:) :A lively part of the city center on the southern bank of the Brahmaputra. Cotton College, Digholy Pukhury (Dighalipukhuri), The State Museum, RBI, District Court (Kamrup District), etc. are all major landmarks. Moreover, the area also possesses many libraries, major government offices, and a shopping district. Restaurants and bookshops in the area provide a unique environment. It also contains a major wholesale market for drugs and pharmaceutical products, and a hub for printing and publication. Close to Digholy Pukhury, there are many stores with traditional arts and crafts from Assam and other parts of the NER. Kachari Ghat, next to the district court is an important local river port. It is also known for its sports market.
Fancy Bazaar (Pron
ˈfænsi bəˌzɑ:) :In the western part of the city-center is a busy commercial district for wholesale and retail. Originally called Fansi Bazaar after the district jail that executed criminals/freedom fighters by British by hanging (fansi, in the local language), the name has slowly transformed to Fancy Bazaar to denote the retail stores for clothes and garments. The place is also the hub for wholesale products ranging from food and beverages, garments, to hardware and building materials.
Paltan Bazaar (Pron
ˈpʌltən bəˌzɑ:) :In the central part of the city-center is the hub for transportation and hotels. With Guwahati railway station, the regional bus stand (ASTC), numerous hotels, restaurants and offices and stops of numerous private regional bus service providers, this area is the busiest and most congested. There are many small shops selling traditional garments from parts of the NER. After the start of operations at ISBT for Intra and Inter state bus service, bus services from Paltan Bazaar have been prohibited by authorities to ease traffic congestion in the area. Now the ASTC Bus stand and various private bus operators only run shuttle services from Paltan Bazar to ISBT.
Ganeshguri (Pron
gəˈneɪʃˌgʊri) :A developed commercial area in the south, outside of the city-center. Its proximity to the state capital complex and rapidly growing southern residential areas have made it an important city sub-center. Ganeshguri is a busy part of the city with retail shopping areas, hotels and restaurants, and small businesses. It is named after the popular Ganesh Mandir situated in the area.
Hatigaon  
A developed commercial cum residential area outside of the city-center. Its proximity to the state capital complex and rapidly growing southern residential areas have made it an important city sub-center. Hatigaon is a busy part of the city with retail shopping areas, hotels and restaurants, and small businesses.[55]
Beltola Bazaar (Pron
.belˈtəʊlə bəˌzɑ:)  :A traditional weekly fruits and vegetables market with historic importance. The market is an important traditional trading point between the people from the Khasi hills (Meghalaya) and local people. It is a rich market with local food products. It is in Beltola, a predominantly residential area in the south.
Guwahati War Cemetery 
A World War II war cemetery, maintained by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission[56] This is the one cemetery among the nine cemeteries in India which has war graves of Japanese soldiers. The cemetery has 521 graves, including 316 known and 18 unknown graves of soldiers from the United Kingdom, 136 known and seven unknown Indian soldiers, four from Canada, four from South Africa, one from New Zealand, two graves of soldiers whose nationality is unknown, 11 graves of Japanese soldiers and 24 graves of Chinese Army soldiers.[57]
Noonmati 
A place located near Chandmari and is a suburb of Guwahati and also home to the Guwahati's first oil refinery commissioned by then by the Indian Oil Corporation Limited on 1 January 1962. It has many temples, of which three are famous; one of them is the Sai Baba Mandir near the Noonmati over-bridge which is located on top of a hill and has scenic beauty. The second one is known as Ganesh Mandir devoted to Hindu Gods & Goddess it is located on Ganesh Mandir Path and is decorated with white marbles among lush green trees in a residential area called New Guwahati. The third temple is known as Hanuman Mandir and is devoted to Hindu God Lord Hanuman(The monkey God who helped Lord Ram to fight against the evil king of Lanka "Ravana")and is located on the main Maniram Dewan Road near FCI(Food Corporation of India), Guwahati. The other places of interest are the Refinery Sectors which are constructed with recreational centers. "Sneh Bandhan" in New Guwahati was the former residence of Dr. Himanta Biswa Sarma which is now converted to Children's Activity Center and has a library, a movie hall, a game parlour, an outdoor park with a garden, a computer lab with a teacher, music classes, dance classes, and singing classes. Another, beautiful place is Kharguli, a 15-minute drive from New Guwahati from where the Brahmaputra River in its full flow can be viewed and is also famous for picnic spots along the banks of the river. The Food Corporation Of India godowns are also located near this place.
Kahilipara 
A place located to the west of capital, Dispur. Surrounded by localities of Ganeshguri and Lalganesh, it is a residential area. Most educational department offices of state government are located here. The Regional Government Film and Television Institute(formerly Jyoti Citraban Film Studio) is also located here.

Key attractions[edit]

  • River Cruise: One of the major attractions of Guwahati is a cruise on the Brahmaputra river.[58] On board these luxurious cruise vessels tourists can relax and enjoy the beautiful view of the sunset.
  • Umananda Temple: On the Peacock Island in the middle of the Brahmaputra, this Shiva temple was built in 1664. It is believed that Lord Shiva by using his third eye burnt Kamdeva at this place. Every year Shivaratri is celebrated in this temple in a great way. The island is believed to be the world's smallest human inhabited one. The world's largest river island is Majuli.
  • Srimanta Sankaradeva Kalakshetra: Shankardev Khalakshetra's name is synonymous with the Vaishnava saint and scholar of Assam Srimanta Shankardeva. It is a multipurpose cultural complex that has fulfilled its aim in protecting, promoting and preserving the cultural heritage of the communities and tribes of Assam and the country.
  • Guwahati Planetarium: In Uzanbazar, this planetarium is the only one of its kind in the North-Eastern region and a center of astronomical research. For visitors, mysterious aspects of the universe are brought alive by audio-video technique and explained in the dark domed structure.
  • Assam State Museum is near Dighalipukhuri. It houses many rare, specimen of the Ahom Dynasty. Many articles of equipment and dress materials belonging to the glorious past of Assam are found here. Many antiques, statues, manuscripts, written on Shashi-paat and other valuable articles are preserved and displayed.
  • Kamakhya Temple, some 5 km from the main city on the Nilachal Hill, is one of the most sacred Hindu shrines of India. Goddess Kamakhya is worshiped here. Ambubachi Mela is celebrated every year in the middle of June in this temple. Many devotees from across the country gather during this mela.
  • Assam State Zoo cum Botanical Garden is the largest zoo of the North East situated at Hengerabari Reserved Forest in the city.
  • Basistha Temple[59] is on Sandhyachal Hill, on the southern part of the city; this beautiful tourist spot was once the ashram (hermitage) of sage Basistha.
  • Sukreswar Temple is an ancient Shiva temple built by Ahom king Pramatta Singha on Dakini Jogini hill by the side of river Brahmaputra.
  • Navagraha Temple or temple of nine planets is on Chitrachal Hill to the east. It was the ancient seat of study of astronomy and astrology. The nine planets are represented by the nine lingas inside the main temple. There is a stone imprint of solar system. This temple, 3 km from the railway station, is a center of astrological and astronomical research. It was for this temple Guwahati was named Pragjyotishpura.[60]
  • Dighalipukhuri is at Uzanbazar and surrounded by the High Court on the north and the State Museum and District Library on the south. This is a huge man-made tank. It was excavated by King Bhagadatta to celebrate the 'swayambar' of his daughter Bhanumati who was married to Kourava prince Druyadhana. There is a boating club on the Dighalipukhuri.
  • Ugro Tara Temple is at the heart of the city banks of Joarpukhuri (twin ponds). The Ugro Tara Temple is another shakti peeth temple where the eyes of sati were believed to have fallen.
  • Balaji Temple, Guwahati is a recent addition to the religious places of Guwahati. It is in the Betkuchi area. Balaji temple with striking South Indian architecture is unlike the other temples of this place. In the evening it is illuminated by electric lights.
  • ISKCON Temple, Guwahati belongs to the ISKCON society founded by Abhay Charanaravinda Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada. The temple's main deity is Radha-Krishna. The main emphasis of this temple's preaching lies in the teachings of Krishna and Bhagavad Gita.
  • Madan Kamdev & Gopeshwar Mandir is near to Guwahati in a village named as Deuduar.
  • Northbrook Gate was constructed to welcome British viceroy Lord Northbrook who visited Guwahati in 1874 near Sukreswar Ghat. British officials named it 'Gateway of Assam'.

Other attractions in and around the city[edit]

A Schematic Map of the city of Guwahati showing important roads and places of interest
A sculpture of some martyrs from Assam, at Bharalumukh
A view of Peacock Island, the smallest river island of the world, The Umananda temple is situated in this island
A dusk view of Guwahati, with Nehru Stadium (lit up)

See also[edit]

Notable People[edit]

References[edit]

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  55. ^ intelo solution
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Bibliography

External links[edit]