Guy Armoured Car

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Guy Armoured Car
Tanks and Afvs of the British Army 1939-45 MH3699.jpg
Guy Mk I
Place of originUK
Service history
WarsSecond World War
Production history
Designed1938
ManufacturerGuy Motors
Produced1939-1940
No. built101
Specifications (Mark I)
Mass5.2 long tons (5.3 t)[1]
Length13 ft 6 in (4.12 m)[1]
Width6 ft 9 in (2.06 m)[1]
Height7 ft 6 in (2.29 m)[1]
Crew3

Armourup to 15 mm (0.59 in)
Main
armament
.5 inch Vickers machine gun
Secondary
armament
.303 inch Vickers machine gun
EngineMeadows 4ELA 4-cyl petrol engine
55 hp (41 kW)
Power/weight10.6 hp/tonne
Transmission4 forward, 1 reverse gear
Suspension4 x 4 wheel
Operational
range
210 mi (340 km)[1]
Speed40 mph (64 km/h)[1]

The Guy Armoured Car was a British armoured car produced in limited numbers during Second World War. The car saw limited action during the Battle of France.

The manufacturer had insufficient capacity for production of the armoured car alongside their artillery tractors, so the design and construction techniques were passed to Rootes and used as a basis for the Humber Armoured Car

Development[edit]

In 1938, Guy Motors built five Guy Quad armoured car prototypes to a design by the Woolwich Arsenal based on the Quad-Ant artillery tractor chassis.[2] In early 1938, a number of different 4x4 chassis from British and foreign manufacturers had been tested to see which was the best for development of a new line of armoured cars to replace those older designs in use.[1] By September, three armoured cars had been built by Guy. While chassis with more advanced features were seen as having better potential, it was decided that in order to get production under way the Guy chassis was preferred.

The vehicles successfully completed troop trials and from 1939-1940 a further 101 of the armoured cars - initially designated "Tank, Light, (Wheeled) Mark I"- were produced. While the contract specification had been for riveted construction, they were actually welded following Guy's suggestion that this would be more suitable and effective.[2] To that end, they developed the necessary techniques including rotating jigs, which meant the bodies and turrets could be produced quicker and cheaper. The Royal Commission for Awards to Inventors recognised this after the war.[1]

The vehicle had a welded hull (making it the first British armoured car with an all-welded construction) with a sloped glacis plate. Above the centre of the hull was mounted a turret with two Vickers or Besa machine guns. The engine was located at the rear. The vehicle carried a No. 19 radio set.

The body of the Guy vehicle formed the basis of the later Humber Armoured Car, which employed a new chassis.

Service history[edit]

Six cars were sent to France with the British Expeditionary Force (BEF), but were lost when France fell to the Germans. Four cars, two each with the 12th Lancers and 2nd Northamptonshire Yeomanry, had their guns removed and additional seats fitted in 1940 for use in the Coats Mission to evacuate King George VI, Queen Elizabeth, Princess Elizabeth and Princess Margaret in the event of German invasion.[3] The rest served with different British Army, Belgian Army, Danish and Dutch units stationed in Britain. By 1943, they were replaced by more modern vehicles.

Variants[edit]

  • Mk I - original version. 50 units built.
  • Mk IA - was armed with Besa 15 mm and 7.92 mm Besa air-cooled machine guns instead of the Vickers. 51 units built.
Guy Mk IA during anti-invasion exercises in Southern Command, 7 May 1941. Note the longer barrel of the 15 mm Besa MG.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h B T White
  2. ^ a b Accession Record
  3. ^ Julian Paget (2000). Second to None: The History of the Coldstream Guards 1650 - 2000. Casemate Publishers. p. 488. ISBN 1783379391.

Sources[edit]

  • White, B T Armoured Cars - Daimler, Guy, Daimler, Humber, AEC AFV Profile No 21, Profile Publishing, Windsor
  • George Forty - World War Two Armoured Fighting Vehicles and Self-Propelled Artillery, Osprey Publishing 1996, ISBN 1-85532-582-9.
  • I. Moschanskiy - Armored vehicles of the Great Britain 1939-1945 part 2, Modelist-Konstruktor, Bronekollektsiya 1999-02 (И. Мощанский - Бронетанковая техника Великобритании 1939-1945 часть 2, Моделист-Конструктор, Бронеколлекция 1999-02).
  • Armoured Car, Guy Mark 1 (E1965.44) - Accession record at Tank Museum

External links[edit]