Guy Besse

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Guy Besse (25 November 1919 – 16 February 2004) was a French philosopher and politician, a member of the executive of the French Communist Party (PCF).


A member of the Responsible du Front National while a student in Lyon under the pseudonym of César,[1] he was part of the Mouvement Jeunes Communistes de France during the Resistance, and was the national secretary of the Union of Communist Students from 1944 to 1945.

Agrégé professor of philosophy, he graduated from lycée in Bourges, then studied at the University of Caen Lower Normandy, the Sorbonne and the French National Centre for Scientific Research.

He published a number of socialist texts for many years, and in March 1970, replaced Roger Garaudy as the head of the Centre d’études et de recherches marxistes.

A member of the Central Committee of the PCF from 1956, he joined its Political Bureau 11 years later as an alternate member, and was its head in 1970.

He withdrew from the PCF in February 1985.[2]


  • Principes fondamentaux de philosophie, with Georges Politzer and Maurice Caveing, Éditions sociales, 1954
  • Helvétius. De l'Esprit, introduction and notes by Guy Besse, Éditions sociales, 1959
  • Pratique sociale et théorie, Éditions sociales, 1963
  • La morale selon Kant et selon Marx, Centre d'études et de recherches marxistes, s.d.
  • Lénine: la philosophie et la culture, with Jacques Milhau and Michel Simon, Éditions sociales, 1971
  • Problèmes de la révolution socialiste en France: Semaine de la pensée marxiste (22-29 avril 1971), with Gérard de Bernis and François Billoux, Éditions sociales, 1971
  • Jean-Jacques Rousseau, l'apprentissage de l'humanité, Éditions sociales, 1988
  • La philosophie des Lumières, Éditions sociales, 1990


Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ Pierre Maury, La résistance communiste en France, 1940-1945: mémorial aux martyrs communistes, Le Temps des Cerises, 2006
  2. ^ Guy Besse, philosophe et militant, L'Humanité, 18 February 2004 [1]