Guy Cheron

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Guy Cheron
Born1er juillet 1955
NationalityBelgian
FieldsNeurophysiologist
InstitutionsUniversité Libre de Bruxelles, Université de Mons
PatronsLawrence Stark, JE Desmedt
Alma materUniversité Libre de Bruxelles

Guy Cheron (born 1 July 1955) is a professor of neurophysiology and movement biomechanics.[1] He works at the Faculty of Motor Science in the Université Libre de Bruxelles and is a professor of neuropsychology at the Faculty of Psychology and Education Sciences in the University of Mons.[2][3] He is the co-founder of the spinoff Human Waves.[4]

Training[edit]

Born in Halle, Belgium, Guy obtained a MS degree in motor sciences and his PhD under the supervision of Prof. JE Desmedt at the Brain Research Unit of the Université Libre de Bruxelles where he defended an Aggregation Thesis in Neuroscience.[1] He was visiting professor (OTAN-fellow) at the Department of Engineering of the University of California, Berkeley.[5] Thereafter he joined the University of Mons as Assistant Professor before becoming head of the Laboratory of Neurophysiology and Movement Biomechanics at the Université Libre de Bruxelles in 1992.[6]

Expertise[edit]

He is a neurophysiologist author or co-author of more than 200 papers in international journals,[7] and one book.[8][9] In 1986, he has discovered, together with E. Godaux, the localization of the oculomotor neural integrator (NI) in the nucleus prepositus of the cat. The NI is the neural structure responsible of the gaze holding. This discovery demonstrated for the first time the biological recognition that a brainstem neural network is able to perform mathematical integration.[10][11] From 1986 to 1997, he revealed the physiological properties of the NI. During the last 20 years, he worked conjunctly in mouse and human neurophysiology.[12][13] He was also the first to demonstrate since 2004 the emergence of 160-200 Hz oscillation in the cerebellum of different mouse models presenting neurological diseases ranging from cerebellar ataxia, Angelman syndrome, FAS and Steinert disease.[14] He also actively participate to numerous neuroscience space experiences realized on board of the International Space Station (NeuroCog,[15][16] NeuroSpat,[17][18] and Adriadna ESA missions[19][16]) where his group demonstrated with EEG dynamics the alteration of top-down signals in visual perception in weightlessness environment. This neurophysiological expertise was also applied in the field of non-invasive BCI (Mindwalker, FP7 project[20][21]) and in the search of the cerebral oscillations linked to the psychological flow in the top performance.[22]

Scientific societies, international scientific commissions, and editorial assignments[edit]

He is active member of the European Neuroscience Association, the Society for Neuroscience, the American Association for the Advancement of Science[citation needed]

He is specialty Chief Editor at Frontiers in Psychology, Movement Sciences and Sport Psychology[23] and a guest editor in Frontiers in Neuroscience (Topics Neurology) and of Diseases, Section Neuro-Psychiatric Disorders,[24] and member of the editorial boards of Scientific World JOURNAL,[25] Open Journal of Neuroscience, Brain Sciences, and Neural Plasticity.[26]

He also reviewed articles for around 50 international research journals including: J. Neurophysiol[27].- J. Neurosci.- Brain. - J. Physiol. (Lond) - Neuroscience - NeuroImage.- PlosOne - Cerebral Cortex.- Nature Communication- Hum. Brain Mapp-Scientific Reports.[citation needed]

Honours and awards[edit]

  • Officer of the Order of Leopold II for outstanding research activities[citation needed]
  • Prix de Biomécanique, Paris, 1987[28]
  • Prix MAAF Santé, Montréal, 2000.[28]
  • Prix Science & Innovation, 2015, Comité Olympique Interfédéral Belge.[29]

Bibliography[edit]

  1. Desmedt JE, Cheron G (1980). "Central somatosensory conduction in man: Neural generators and interpeak latencies of the far-field components recorded from neck and right or left scalp and earlobes". Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology. 50 (5–6): 382–403. doi:10.1016/0013-4694(80)90006-1. PMID 6160982.
  2. Cheron G, Godaux E, Laune JM, Vanderkelen B (1986). "Lesions in the cat prepositus complex: Effects on the vestibulo-ocular reflex and saccades". The Journal of Physiology. 372: 75–94. doi:10.1113/jphysiol.1986.sp015998. PMC 1192752. PMID 3487644.
  3. Cheron G, Godaux E (1987). "Disabling of the oculomotor neural integrator by kainic acid injections in the prepositus-vestibular complex of the cat". The Journal of Physiology. 394: 267–290. doi:10.1113/jphysiol.1987.sp016870. PMC 1191961. PMID 3443967.
  4. Godaux E, Mettens P, Cheron G (1993). "Differential effect of injections of kainic acid into the prepositus and the vestibular nuclei of the cat". The Journal of Physiology. 472: 459–482. doi:10.1113/jphysiol.1993.sp019956. PMC 1160496. PMID 8145154.
  5. Cheron G, Godaux E (1987). "Disabling of the oculomotor neural integrator by kainic acid injections in the prepositus-vestibular complex of the cat". The Journal of Physiology. 394: 267–290. doi:10.1113/jphysiol.1987.sp016870. PMC 1191961. PMID 3443967.
  6. Servais L, Hourez R, Bearzatto B, Gall D, Schiffmann SN, Cheron G (2007). "Purkinje cell dysfunction and alteration of long-term synaptic plasticity in fetal alcohol syndrome". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 104 (23): 9858–9863. doi:10.1073/pnas.0607037104. PMC 1887541. PMID 17535929.
  7. Cheron G, Cebolla A, Petieau M, Bengoetxea A, Palmero-Soler E, Leroy A, Dan B (2009). Chapter 13 Adaptive Changes of Rhythmic EEG Oscillations in Space. International Review of Neurobiology. 86. pp. 171–187. doi:10.1016/S0074-7742(09)86013-3. ISBN 9780123748218. PMID 19607999.
  8. Cheron G, Márquez-Ruiz J, Cheron J, Prigogine C, Ammann C, Lukowski R, Ruth P, Dan B (2018). "Purkinje cell BKchannel ablation induces abnormal rhythm in deep cerebellar nuclei and prevents Ltd". Scientific Reports. 8 (1): 4220. doi:10.1038/s41598-018-22654-6. PMC 5845018. PMID 29523816.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Cheron, Guy. "Guy Cheron". ResearchGate.
  2. ^ "Colloquium by Guy Cheron, Thursday October 18,16.00-17.00, HG 08A20".
  3. ^ "Electrophysiologie".
  4. ^ "Les neurosciences au service du sport, de la santé ... et de la musique.Dossier de presse réalisé avec le soutien d'InnovaTech ASBL" (PDF).
  5. ^ Guy Chéron (1985). "Effects of applied vibration on triphasic electromyographic patterns in neurologically ballistic head movements". Experimental Neurology. 88 (2): 447–460. doi:10.1016/0014-4886(85)90206-7.
  6. ^ Cheron Guy. "LNMB".
  7. ^ "ResearchGate".
  8. ^ Godaux Cheron, Emile Guy (1989). Le mouvement Broché – 1989. Medsi-McGraw-Hill.
  9. ^ "Scholar le mouvement Emile Godaux guy Chéron".
  10. ^ Cheron, G.; Godaux, E.; Laune, J. M.; Vanderkelen, B. (2 January 1985). "Lesions in the cat prepositus complex : effects on the vestibulo-ocular reflex and saccades". The Journal of Physiology. Great Britain. 372: 75–94. doi:10.1113/jphysiol.1986.sp015998. PMC 1192752. PMID 3487644.
  11. ^ D. A. Robinson (1989). "INTEGRATING WITH NEURONS". Annual Review of Neuroscience. 12: 33–45. doi:10.1146/annurev.ne.12.030189.000341. PMID 2648952.
  12. ^ Cheron, G.; Godaux, E. (1 December 1987). "Disabling of the oculomotor neural integrator by kainic acid injections in the prepositus‐vestibular complex of the cat". The Journal of Physiology. 394 (1): 267–290. doi:10.1113/jphysiol.1987.sp016870. PMC 1191961. PMID 3443967.
  13. ^ Roger D. Traub, Miles A. Whittington (2010). Cortical Oscillations in Health and Disease. ISBN 9780195342796.
  14. ^ Cheron, G.; Gall, D.; Servais, L.; Dan, B.; Maex, R.; Schiffmann, S. N. (2004). "Inactivation of Calcium-Binding Protein Genes Induces 160 Hz Oscillations in the Cerebellar Cortex of Alert Mice" (PDF). Journal of Neuroscience. 24 (2): 434–441. doi:10.1523/JNEUROSCI.3197-03.2004. PMID 14724241.
  15. ^ G Chéron, A Leroy, C De Saedeleer, A Bengoetxea. "Effect of gravity on human spontaneous 10-Hz electroencephalographic oscillations during the arrest reaction". Cite journal requires |journal= (help)CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  16. ^ a b "Mission Odissea Présentation des résultats scientifiques".
  17. ^ AM Cebolla, M Petieau, B Dan, L Balazs, J McIntyre. "Cerebellar contribution to visuo-attentional alpha rhythm: insights from weightlessness". Cite journal requires |journal= (help)CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  18. ^ "Effect of Gravitational Context on EEG Dynamics: A Study of Spatial Cognition, Novelty Processing and Sensorimotor Integration".
  19. ^ S Fattinger, M Petieau, L Summerer, G Cheron. "Local sleep-like events during wakefulness and their relationship to decreased alertness in astronauts on ISS". Cite journal requires |journal= (help)CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  20. ^ Zanow, Frank; Ivanenko, Y.; Cheron, Guy. "Mindwalker: A Brain Controlled Lower Limbs Exoskeleton for Rehabilitation. Potential Applications to Space". Robotics.estec.esa.int.
  21. ^ "Mindwalker, l'exosquelette contrôlé par la pensée".
  22. ^ Cheron, Guy (2016). "How to Measure the Psychological "Flow"? A Neuroscience Perspective". Frontiers in Psychology. 7: 1823. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01823. PMC 5138413. PMID 27999551.
  23. ^ "Editorial Board".
  24. ^ "Guy Cheron".
  25. ^ "Editorial Board: Neurology".
  26. ^ "Editorial Board".
  27. ^ "Acknowledgment of Reviewers 2018".
  28. ^ a b "Guy CHERON".
  29. ^ "Le Professeur Guy Chéron reçoit le Trophée CIO 'Sport et innovation'".