Guy Garrod

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Sir Guy Garrod
Air Marshal A G R Garrod.jpg
Garrod as the Air Member for Training at his desk at Adastral House, London.
Born (1891-04-13)13 April 1891
Died 3 January 1965(1965-01-03) (aged 73)
Allegiance United Kingdom
Service/branch British Army (1914–18)
Royal Air Force (1918–48)
Years of service 1914–48
Rank Air Chief Marshal
Commands held Mediterranean and Middle East (1945)
Air Command South East Asia (1944–45)
Air Forces in India (1943–44)
Armament Group (1937–38)
RAF North Weald (1927–28)
81st Wing (1918–19)
No. 13 Squadron (1917–18)
Battles/wars First World War
Second World War
Awards Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire
Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath
Military Cross
Distinguished Flying Cross
Mentioned in Despatches (3)
Commander of the Legion of Merit (United States)
Order of the Cloud and Banner (China)
Grand Officer of the Royal Order of George I (Greece)
Other work Chairman of Malkay Investments Ltd

Air Chief Marshal Sir Alfred Guy Roland Garrod, GBE, KCB, MC, DFC (13 April 1891 – 3 January 1965) was a senior British Royal Air Force officer.

RAF career[edit]

He was born the third eldest son of Herbert Baring Garrod, barrister-at-law and educated at Bradfield College and University College, Oxford.[1] Garrod was originally commissioned into The Leicestershire Regiment of the British Army in 1914 and only transferred to the Royal Flying Corps in 1915.[2] His younger brother Roland Perceval Garrod was killed in action the same year.[3] Garrod was given the temporary rank of major in the newly formed Royal Air Force in April 1918.[1] He joined the Directing Staff at the RAF Staff College in 1923 and then became Chief Instructor at Oxford University Air Squadron in 1928 before moving to RAF Headquarters in Iraq in 1931.[2] He was made Deputy Director of Organisation at the Air Ministry in 1934 and Air Officer Commanding the Armament Group in 1937.[2]

He served in the Second World War initially as Director of Equipment at the Air Ministry and then as Air Member for Training from 1940.[2] He continued his war service as Deputy Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief, India from May 1943 and as Deputy Allied Air Commander-in-Chief at South East Asia Command from October 1943.[2] In November 1944 he temporarily stepped up to be Allied Air Commander-in-Chief when Air Chief Marshal Sir Trafford Leigh-Mallory, the nominated successor to the then incumbent Air Chief Marshal Sir Richard Peirse, was killed in an air crash on his way to take up the appointment. Garrod held this acting appointment until February 1945 when Air Chief Marshal Sir Keith Park took up the permanent appointment.[4] In March 1945 Garrod was appointed RAF Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean and Middle East.[2]

After the war he was made Permanent RAF Representative on the Military Staff Committee of the United Nations and then Head of the RAF delegation to Washington D. C. from 1946 until he retired in 1948.[2]

Family[edit]

In 1918 he married Cicely Evelyn Bray. Following the death of his first wife in 1960, he married Doris Eleanor Baker in 1961.[1][5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Air of Authority – A History of RAF Organisation – Air Chief Marshal Sir Guy Garrod
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives
  3. ^ Commonwealth War Graves Commission
  4. ^ Woodburn Kirby, Major-General S. (2004) [1st. pub. HMSO:1965]. Butler, Sir James, ed. The War Against Japan, Volume IV: The Reconquest of Burma. History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press. pp. 118 and 119. ISBN 1-845740-63-7. 
  5. ^ M. J. Dean, ‘Garrod, Sir (Alfred) Guy Roland (1891–1965)’, rev. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, Sept 2010 accessed 8 July 2011


Military offices
New title
Post established
Air Member for Training
1940–1943
Succeeded by
Sir Peter Drummond
Preceded by
Sir Richard Peirse
Commander-in-Chief Air Forces in India
1943–1944
Succeeded by
Meredith Thomas
Preceded by
Sir Richard Peirse
Commander-in-Chief Air Command South East Asia
Temporary appointment

1944–1945
Succeeded by
Sir Keith Park
Preceded by
Sir John Slessor
Commander-in-Chief RAF Mediterranean and Middle East
March – August 1945
Succeeded by
Sir Charles Medhurst