||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (September 2012)|
|Dr Guy Scott|
|President of Zambia
29 October 2014 – 25 January 2015
|Preceded by||Michael Sata|
|Succeeded by||Edgar Lungu|
|12th Vice-President of Zambia|
23 September 2011 – 29 October 2014
|Preceded by||George Kunda|
|Succeeded by||Inonge Wina|
|Minister of Agriculture|
1 June 1944 |
Livingstone, Northern Rhodesia
|Political party||Patriotic Front (2001–present)
|Alma mater||Trinity Hall, Cambridge
University of Sussex (PhD)
Dr. Guy Lindsay Scott (born 1 June 1944) is a Zambian politician and was the Acting President of Zambia from October 2014 to January 2015. Scott served as Vice-President of Zambia from 2011 to 2014, and became acting president on the death of President Michael Sata on 28 October 2014.
Family and early life
Scott was born in 1944 in Livingstone in what was then Northern Rhodesia. His father, Alec Scott, emigrated to Northern Rhodesia from Scotland in 1927, while his mother, Grace, emigrated from England in 1940. He is the brother of Dr Alexander P Scott (published name of AP Scott), an esteemed Scientist, and the winner of the 2014 Breverton Medal https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ray_Beverton, for contributions to Fisheries Science. 
Scott completed his education at Peterhouse in Southern Rhodesia (today Zimbabwe) and the United Kingdom at Cambridge University and the University of Sussex, where he obtained a degree in economics and a PhD in cognitive science respectively. His participation in Zambian politics was inspired by his father, who was an ally of Zambian nationalists and a founder of anti-colonial government newspapers. During the 1950s, his father was a member of the Federal Parliament for Lusaka, standing on an independent ticket.
He is married and currently lives and works in Lusaka.
After graduating from Trinity Hall, Cambridge, in 1965, Scott joined the government of Zambia, where he served in the Ministry of Finance as a planner. He was also the deputy editor of The Business and Economy of East and Central Africa during this period.
In 1970, Scott set up Walkover Estates. This was an agribusiness venture, which ventured into high-value crops such as irrigated wheat, strawberries, and a wide range off-season vegetables. He then went on to study robotics at Oxford University during the 1980s.
He completed a PhD in Artificial Intelligence at the University of Sussex and was awarded the doctorate degree in 1986. Scott's research title was "Local and global interpretation of moving images".
In 1990, Scott joined the Movement for Multi-Party Democracy (MMD) where he was elected to serve as Chair of the Agriculture Committee at the first convention.
He was elected as Member of Parliament for Mpika on the MMD ticket in the National Assembly during the 1991 general election and was subsequently appointed as Minister of Agriculture, Food and Fisheries. He presided over a number of policy reforms and was responsible for managing the "drought of the century" in January and February 1992. There was no reserve maize in Zambia and none in southern Africa, so emergency arrangements had to be made to import it from overseas and move it into Zambia on dilapidated rail and road networks. He also oversaw the drought recovery "bumper harvest" of 1992–93.
In 1996, Scott resigned from the MMD to form the Lima Party together with Ben Kapita, the president of the ZNFU. He piloted the merger between the Lima Party and other parties including Dean Mungomba's ZADECO to form ZAP. In 2001, he returned to politics and joined the Patriotic Front, returning to the National Assembly after being elected MP for Lusaka Central in the 2006 general election.
A presidential election was held on 20 September 2011, and final results released on 23 September 2011 showed the Patriotic Front's presidential candidate, Michael Sata, winning over MMD's Rupiah Banda by a large margin. Guy Scott was consequently sworn in as Vice-President of the Republic of Zambia on 29 September 2011.
Shortly after his election, The Guardian quoted Scott as saying: "I have long suspected Zambia is moving from a post-colonial to a cosmopolitan condition. People's minds are changing: they are no longer sitting back and dwelling on what was wrong about colonialism". In a 2012 meeting with former US President George W. Bush (who sponsors various charity initiatives in Zambia), he said, "when they introduced me as Vice President, he thought they were kidding".
After Michael Sata's death on 28 October 2014, Scott became acting president. The constitution of Zambia requires a new election within 90 days to permanently fill the office. It was noted that he was the first white president in Africa since the last apartheid-era President of South Africa, F. W. de Klerk.
The constitution of Zambia requires that both parents of presidential candidates are "Zambian by birth or descent", thus Scott was considered ineligible to stand in the January 2015 election. The provision was put in place by President Frederick Chiluba to prevent Kenneth Kaunda – whose father was born in what became Malawi – from becoming president. However, a previous judgement by the Zambian Supreme Court, in a similar case in 1998, could have validated him as a potential candidate. Scott did not stand as a presidential candidate for the Patriotic Front.
On 3 November 2014, Scott dismissed Edgar Lungu as Secretary General of the Patriotic Front; however, he reinstated him a day later, after street protests in Lusaka. On 17 December 2014, Scott rejected calls from cabinet members asking him to resign as acting president.
Lungu, standing as the PF candidate, won the presidential by-election and succeeded Scott as President on 25 January 2015.
- Laing, Aislinn (29 October 2014). "I am Africa's first white democratic leader, says Zambian vice-president". The Daily Telegraph (Cape Town). Retrieved 29 October 2014.
- "Cabinet appoints Guy Scott as Interim President – reaction from Gen Miyanda". Lusaka Times. 29 October 2014. Retrieved 29 October 2014.
- Namwali Serpell. "Zambians don't care about our new president's skin colour". the Guardian. Retrieved 5 November 2014.
- "Zambia: ‘Guy Scott Profile’". Retrieved 23 September 2011.
- John Williams. "Informatics Resource Centre: Item 7447".
- "Dr Scott, I presume?". The Spectator. 10 March 2012. Retrieved 16 March 2013.
- Zambia's Guy Scott makes history as white president in sub-Saharan Africa, Faith Karimi, CNN, 29 October 2014.
- Al Jazeera and agencies. "Zambia's President Michael Sata dies". Retrieved 5 November 2014.
- Kim Yi Dionne (29 October 2014). "Another Zambian president dies in office. What happens now?". The Washington Post. Retrieved 29 November 2014.
- "BBC News – Guy Scott's rise to Zambia's presidency". BBC News. Retrieved 5 November 2014.
- "After the Cobra: What does the law say about Vice-President Guy Scott?". 28 October 2014. Retrieved 29 October 2014.
- Zambian President Guy Scott in row over Edgar Lungu sacking, BBC News, 4 November 2014.
- SAPA. "Zambia: Scott rescinds decision to dismiss Lungu". Mail & Guardian. Retrieved 17 December 2014.
- "Zambia Cabinet Ministers Ask President Scott to Resign". Reuters. VOA. Retrieved 17 December 2014.
- Matthew Hill, "Zambian Ruling Party's Edgar Lungu Inaugurated as President", Bloomberg, 25 January 2015.
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