Guy Severin

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Guy Ilyich Severin
Severin Guy Illich.png
Guy Severin in 2001 on his 75th birthday
Born (1926-07-24)July 24, 1926
Chudovo, Leningrad Oblast (currently in Novgorod Oblast), USSR
Died February 7, 2008(2008-02-07) (aged 81)
Moscow Oblast, Russia
Occupation General Director and General Designer of the JSC NPP Zvezda
Children 2

Guy Ilyich Severin (Russian: Гай Ильи́ч Севери́н, Gay Ilyich Severin; July 24, 1926 – February 7, 2008) was an academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, full member of the International Academy of Astronautics, who contributed a significant number of publications about life rescue systems and space-suits. Severin was also General Director of JSC NPP Zvezda and the company's General Designer.


In 1949, he graduated from Moscow Aviation Institute (МАI). From 1947, Severin worked in Flight Research Institute named after Michail Gromov (LII) in Zhukovsky, where he was occupied with researches and flight tests of the aircraft crew rescue systems and in-flight refueling systems.

A collective of engineers led by Severin worked out some major principles and working prototypes of landing systems and rocket emergency escape slides for Vostok spacecraft.

From 1964, Severin served as Chief Designer, General Designer and, eventually, General Director of the joint-stock company NPP Zvezda, located in Tomilino.

Under his direction, the company developed space-suits, life support systems and rocket emergency escape slides for all USSR/Russia spacecraft and orbiting space stations, starting from Vostok 1, including the special inflatable EVA airlock of the Voskhod 2, an open space manoeuvring unit, etc.

He participated in preparations for Yuri Gagarin's and other Soviet cosmonauts space flights on Vostok, Voskhod and Soyuz spacecraft.

He was married and had two children. He was also twice champion of the USSR in mountain skiing.

Guy Severin died at a hospital after breaking both legs while skiing on a mountain ski lodge imitation near Moscow owned by Zvezda factory on February 7, 2008. The civil funeral was held at the House of Culture Zvezdniy in Tomilino on February 11, 2008. Present among the attendees was Boris Chertok, last remaining colleague of Sergei Korolev.

Bronze bust of Guy Severin

On July 24, 2008 a memorial to Severin was opened on the territory of the NPP Zvezda in Tomilino - a bronze bust. A number of local officials appeared for the opening ceremony.[1]


References and sources[edit]

  1. ^ (in Russian) Конструктор Северин увековечен в бронзе,, 24.07.2008
  2. ^ a b Severin, Guy Ilich at online dictionary (in Russian)
  3. ^ a b c Severin, Guy Ilich at the Russian Academy of Sciences website (in Russian)
  • (in Russian) Space-suits of Russia by I.P.Abramov, M.N.Doodnik, V.I. Svershek, G.I.Severin, A.I.Skoog and A.Yu. Stoklitskiy, JSC NPP Zvezda, Moscow 2005, ISBN 5-7368-0285-6
    • (in English) Russian Spacesuits (Springer Praxis Books / Space Exploration) by Isaac Abramov, Ingemar Skoog, Mikhail N. Doodnik, Anatoly Yu. Stoklitsky, Vitaly I. Svertshek and Guy I. Severin (Paperback, 366 pages - Aug 27, 2003), ISBN 1-85233-732-X