|Guy Ilyich Severin|
Guy Severin in 2001 on his 75th birthday
July 24, 1926|
Chudovo, Leningrad Oblast (currently in Novgorod Oblast), USSR
|Died||February 7, 2008
Moscow Oblast, Russia
|Occupation||General Director and General Designer of the JSC NPP Zvezda|
Guy Ilyich Severin (Russian: Гай Ильи́ч Севери́н, Gay Ilyich Severin; July 24, 1926 – February 7, 2008) was an academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, full member of the International Academy of Astronautics, who contributed a significant number of publications about life rescue systems and space-suits. Severin was also General Director of JSC NPP Zvezda and the company's General Designer.
In 1949, he graduated from Moscow Aviation Institute (МАI). From 1947, Severin worked in Flight Research Institute named after Michail Gromov (LII) in Zhukovsky, where he was occupied with researches and flight tests of the aircraft crew rescue systems and in-flight refueling systems.
A collective of engineers led by Severin worked out some major principles and working prototypes of landing systems and rocket emergency escape slides for Vostok spacecraft.
Under his direction, the company developed space-suits, life support systems and rocket emergency escape slides for all USSR/Russia spacecraft and orbiting space stations, starting from Vostok 1, including the special inflatable EVA airlock of the Voskhod 2, an open space manoeuvring unit, etc.
Guy Severin died at a hospital after breaking both legs while skiing on a mountain ski lodge imitation near Moscow owned by Zvezda factory on February 7, 2008. The civil funeral was held at the House of Culture Zvezdniy in Tomilino on February 11, 2008. Present among the attendees was Boris Chertok, last remaining colleague of Sergei Korolev.
- Lenin Prize (1965)
- two Orders of Lenin (1966 and 1971)
- Order of October Revolution (1971)
- USSR State Prize (1978)
- Hero of Socialist Labor title (1982)
References and sources
- (in Russian) Space-suits of Russia by I.P.Abramov, M.N.Doodnik, V.I. Svershek, G.I.Severin, A.I.Skoog and A.Yu. Stoklitskiy, JSC NPP Zvezda, Moscow 2005, ISBN 5-7368-0285-6