Guy Spitaels

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Guy Spitaels
Minister-President of Wallonia
In office
7 January 1992 – 25 January 1994
Preceded by Bernard Anselme
Succeeded by Robert Collignon
Leader of the Party of European Socialists
In office
February 1989 – May 1992
Preceded by Vítor Constâncio
Succeeded by Willy Claes
Leader of the Socialist Party
In office
1981–1992
Preceded by André Cools
Succeeded by Philippe Busquin
Personal details
Born (1931-09-03)3 September 1931
Ath, Belgium
Died 21 August 2012(2012-08-21) (aged 80)[1]
Uccle, Belgium
Nationality Belgian
Political party Socialist Party
Alma mater Catholic University of Leuven

Guy Gustave Arthur Ghislain Spitaels (3 September 1931 – 21 August 2012) was a Belgian politician of the Socialist Party. He was Minister-President of Wallonia from 1992 to 1994 and president of his party for thirteen years, until he was succeeded by Philippe Busquin.

Career[edit]

Spitaels graduated in 1957 in political and social sciences at the Universite Catholique de Louvain (UCL), and attended the College of Europe in Bruges 1957–1958. He became a professor in labout law at the Université libre de Bruxelles (ULB).

In the early 1970s Spitaels was chief of staff to various Belgian socialist ministers. After the elections of 1974 Spitaels became a senator. He became mayor of Ath in 1977, an office he held for twenty years. The same year he became minister of Labour under Prime Minister Paul Vanden Boeynants. From 1979 to 1981 Spitaels was deputy prime minister under the governments of Wilfried Martens. He cocurrently served as minister of the budget (1979–1980) and minister of transport (1980–1981). After the electoral defeat at the elections of 1981, the PS was relegated to the opposition and Guy Spitaels became party chairman of the PS (1981–1992). In the general elections of 1987 he led his party to electoral victory and back to power.

With him and André Cools, the PS played a leading role in transformation the unitary structures of the Belgian state into a federalist system. The transformation was largely accomplished by 1989 and completely formalized in 1993.[2]

In 1992 Spitaels arranged that he would become Minister-President of the Walloon Government. Along with other politicians from his party, he was involved in the Agusta scandal, which caused his resignation in 1994. In 1995 he was elected President of the Walloon Parliament but he had to resign from this office due to the scandal in 1997. Spitaels was convicted for passive bribery by the Court of Cassation in 1998. His political career would never recover from this scandal.

Before the Agusta scandal he was nicknamed Dieu (French for God), a reference to his great influence within the Parti Socialiste, which was the most powerful party of French-speaking Belgium in those days.

Spitaels died of a brain tumor on 21 August 2012 at age 80.[3]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Guy Spitaels, Belgian Socialist Leader, Has Died - ABC News". Abcnews.go.com. Retrieved 21 August 2012. 
  2. ^ David Wilsford,Political leaders of contemporary Western Europe: a biographical dictionary, Greenwood Press, Westport, 1995, p. 75. ISBN 0-313-28623-X [It is important to say this transformation continue after 1993]
  3. ^ "Guy Spitaels, Belgian Socialist Leader, Dead at 80". AP. Retrieved 21 August 2012. 

Sources[edit]

Party political offices
Preceded by
André Cools
Leader of the Socialist Party
1981–1992
Succeeded by
Philippe Busquin
Preceded by
Vítor Constâncio
Leader of the Party of European Socialists
1989–1992
Succeeded by
Willy Claes
Political offices
Preceded by
Bernard Anselme
Minister-President of Walloonia
1992–1994
Succeeded by
Robert Collignon