Venezuela claimed more than half of the territory of the British colony of Guyana at the time of the Latin American wars of independence, a dispute that was settled by arbitration in 1899 after the Venezuela Crisis of 1895. In 1962 Venezuela declared that it would no longer abide by the arbitration decision, which ceded mineral-rich territory in the Orinoco basin to Guyana. The disputed area is called Guayana Esequiba by Venezuela. A border commission was set up in 1966 with representatives from Guyana, Venezuela and Great Britain, but failed to reach agreement. Venezuela vetoed Guyana's bid to become a member of the Organization of American States (OAS) in 1967. In 1969 Venezuela backed an abortive uprising in the disputed area.
Under intense diplomatic pressure, Venezuela agreed in 1970 to a 12-year moratorium on the dispute with the Protocol of Port-of-Spain. In 1981, Venezuela refused to renew the protocol. However, with changes to the governments of both countries relations improved, to the extent that Venezuela sponsored Guyana's 1990 bid for OAS membership.
In 2013 the Venezuelan navy seized an oil exploration vessel operating in disputed waters claimed as Exclusive Economic Zones by both Venezuela and Guyana.
This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (June 2009) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
- "Relations with Venezuela". U.S. Library of Congress. Retrieved 2009-06-09.
- "The Trail Of Diplomacy". Guyana News and Information. Retrieved 2009-06-09.
- SANCHEZ, FABIOLA (13 October 2013). "http://bigstory.ap.org/article/venezuela-navy-escorts-seized-oil-vessel-port". ap.org. Associated Press. Retrieved 13 October 2013. External link in
- Tim Johnson (November 27, 1999). "Tensions rising in Venezuela-Guyana territorial dispute". Miami Herald. Retrieved 2009-06-09.
- Gordon French (October 11, 2006). "Guyana/Venezuela teams meet as police release interim report on miner's killing". Caribbean Net News. Retrieved 2009-06-09.
- "Venezuela's Claim to Most of Guyana Is Alive Again as Moratorium Ends". New York Times. June 21, 1982. Retrieved 2009-06-09.
- "Venezuela and Guyana". Federal Research Division of the Library of Congress. December 1990. Retrieved 2009-06-09.
- "Guyana Claims Venezuela Blew Up Dredges". San Francisco Chronicle. November 16, 2007. Retrieved 2009-06-09.[dead link]
- Jacqueline Anne Braveboy-Wagner (1984). The Venezuela-Guyana border dispute: Britain's colonial legacy in Latin America. Westview Press. ISBN 0-86531-953-7.
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