Guyanese in the United Kingdom
||This article's lead section may not adequately summarize key points of its contents. (August 2014)|
|(20,872 Guyanese-born (2001 Census)
21,417 Guyanese-born (2011 Census))
|Regions with significant populations|
|London, Birmingham, Manchester|
|English (British English, Guyanese Creole), Akawaio, Hindi, Macushi, Wai-Wai, Arawakan, Cariban|
|Hinduism, Pentecostalism, Roman Catholic, Islam, Anglicanism|
|Related ethnic groups|
|Guyanese people, British African-Caribbean community, British Indo-Caribbean community, Black British, Black African, Multiracial, Indo-Caribbean, Indo-Guyanese, Amerindian|
* Please note that in 2001 only 40.4% of Afro-Caribbeans in the UK were actually born in the Caribbean, 59.6% were born elsewhere (of which 57.9% of the total ethnic groups population was born in the UK)
At the time of the 2001 UK Census there were 20,872 Guyanese-born people in the UK. In 2001, Guyana was the sixth most common birthplace within the Americas for people in the UK and on a global scale ranked as the 51st most common birthplace of people resident in the UK. Estimates published by the Office for National Statistics suggest that the Guyanese-born population of the UK was 24,000 in 2009.
Culture and community
Guyanese immigrants have had an influence on recent literature in the UK, and significant numbers of writers and poets have made their footprint on current British culture and have become everyday household names. It is, however, claimed that this trend of success in the field has not continued through to the second- and third-generation Guyanese Britons. The late Beryl Gilroy was a significant figure within the Afro-Caribbean diaspora in the UK. This highly respected Guyanese-born novelist became the first black headteacher of any school in the country. Another important literary figure of the Guyanese British community in the UK as a whole is John Agard, who is probably the most famous Black British poet and has been recognised with many awards. Pauline Melville's output of work has led to such awards as Guardian Fiction Prize, the Macmillan Silver Pen Award and the Commonwealth Writers' Prize for best first book. Wilson Harris, who received the first ever Guyana Prize for Literature, has like many other Guyanese writers in the UK has been heavily influenced and inspired by the culture and history of his homeland. Indo-Guyanese writer David Dabydeen, a UK resident, has interests that encompass the slave-trading history of Guyana as well as contemporary Caribbean culture in the UK. Other writers, including Roy Heath and Michael Abbensetts, have helped create a greater knowledge of Guyanese culture in the UK, and they are among the most successful literary diaspora communities as a whole in recent British history. Other UK-based writers of Guyanese origin include Fred D'Aguiar, Mike Phillips, and Jan Shinebourne.
The pioneering black publishing company Bogle-L'Ouverture was founded in London in the late 1960s by Jessica and Eric Huntley from Guyana, their first publication being Walter Rodney's The Groundings with My Brothers (1969).
The music of Guyana is a mix of Indian, African, European and native elements. It is similar to the music of various other Caribbean nations, where reggae, soca and calypso prove the most popular. These forms of music have worked their way into British life by the Guyanese community of the UK and even by several famous Guyanese musicians who have migrated to the UK. The influence of Caribbean music in the United Kingdom is evident in many walks of life; the work of many contemporary artists is based in the reggae and calypso styles. Eddy Grant, a Guyanese-born immigrant to the UK, helped popularise such genres as reggae through his global hits such as "Electric Avenue" and "I Don't Wanna Dance". Reggae has proven the most successful sub-category of Guyanese music (and Caribbean music in general) in the UK and Grant himself is noted as saying: "in my heart, I know that Soca and Ringbang have the same potential as reggae to achieve great popularity… but there has never been any proper commitment to marketing these artists and their music. We are not Sony, and the artists on board realise it will take time. It is an upliftment process." Despite this, as the Guyanese community in the UK has advanced into its second and third generations, evidence of traditional Guyanese elements in the music has begun to decrease. British-born individuals of Guyanese origin have in particular become more mainstream and modernised. The most recent success story of a British singer of Guyanese origin is Leona Lewis, the Londoner whose music is largely Pop and R&B won series three of the talent contest The X Factor. She has attained three number one hits in the UK and it the only solo British female in over two decades to have reached the top spot on the Billboard Hot 100. Traditional Guyanese acts and British acts influenced by such genres as reggae, soca and calypso can be found in festivals across the country, the most famous being the Notting Hill Carnival (the world's second largest street festival).
- Black British
- British Mixed
- British African-Caribbean community
- British Indo-Caribbean community
- Guyanese Canadians
- Demographics of Guyana
- National Statistics 2006
- "Country-of-birth database". Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Retrieved 2009-10-04.
- "Estimated population resident in the United Kingdom, by foreign country of birth (Table 1.3)". Office for National Statistics. September 2009. Retrieved 8 July 2010.
- "Guyanese Writers in England". John Mair. Retrieved 2009-07-29.
- "David Dabydeen > Biography". Humboldt. Archived from the original on July 16, 2007. Retrieved 2009-07-29.
- Petamber Persaud, "Bogle-L’Ouverture: A story in Black publishing", Guyana Chronicle, 7 January 2012.
- "Guyanese Music". Georgetown, Guyana. Retrieved 2009-07-30.
- "Eddy Grant". Caribbean Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2009-07-30.
- "Winner Leona proud to be Hackney girl". Hackney Gazette, 22 December 2006.
- Sky News.