Guyra, New South Wales
New South Wales
Main street of Guyra
|Population||1,947 (2011 census)|
|Elevation||1,330 m (4,364 ft)|
|LGA(s)||Armidale Regional Council|
|State electorate(s)||Northern Tablelands|
|Federal Division(s)||New England|
Guyra is a town situated midway between Armidale and Glen Innes on the Northern Tablelands in the New England region of New South Wales, Australia. It is within Armidale Regional Council and at the 2011 census, it had a population of 1,947.
Guyra is located to one side of the Mother of Ducks Lagoon which is contained within the crater of an extinct volcano. The Mother of Ducks Lagoon Nature Reserve has been placed on the Register of the National Estate. The golf course, picnic areas and a walkway to a viewing platform are situated on the shores of the lagoon.
The Anaiwan group of Indigenous Australians were the inhabitants of the region surrounding Guyra. It was originally known as Hillgo'el or Illgoel, an Aboriginal word of the Yukambal meaning a "swamp" and was later changed to the name of Marsh's run, "Guyra". The name Guyra is said to originate from the language of the Anaiwan people; meaning 'white cockatoo' or 'fishing place'. The Gumbayniggir group of Indigenous Australians were the inhabitants of eastern Guyra surrounding area. Guyra was known to the Gumbayniggir people as Black Cockatoo which can be found in the Kumbangirir Language booklet. Settlement by European farmers began in the 1835 when Alexander Campbell took up Guyra Station, which encompassed the present town area. Ollera Station was settled in 1838 and had the first church in the Guyra district when it was built in 1876. In 1840 Donald McIntyre was recorded as the lessee of "Gyra"; and in 1848 ‘Guyra’ then 15,000 acres (61 km2), was leased by Charles William Marsh. The Great Northern Railway was extended through Guyra in 1884. Guyra was proclaimed as a village on 20 March 1885. Dairying was an important industry during the 1890s after which potato growing became more popular. Guyra Post Office opened on 1 May 1877. The railway was officially opened on 19 August 1884, as part of the Great Northern Railway extension from Armidale to Glen Innes.
Guyra became the focus of national attention on 5 February 1960 when a four-year-old boy named Steven Walls wandered off from his father on a property north of the town and became lost for four days. Hundreds of volunteers searched the bush for the boy until he was discovered asleep against a log. His immediate question to searchers was 'Where's my daddy, where's my daddy?'; which gave rise to a hit song by singer Johnny Ashcroft, entitled 'Little Boy Lost'. A film of the events was later commercially made using many of the local people of Guyra and shown across Australia. Steven still lives in the local area.
Geography and climate
Located on a volcanic uplift of the Northern Tablelands, the town is one of the highest in Australia at 1,330 metres (4,364 feet) above sea level. The town is known for its very cold winters, by Australian standards, with an average of 42 frosty nights having subzero temperatures each year and some snowfalls. Owing to Guyra's position on a high plateau, it rarely gets above 30 °C (86 °F) during summer, which is unusual for any Australian town. The record high temperature is 34.4 °C (93.9 °F) on the 3 January 2014 and the record low temperature is -7.1 °C (19.2 °F) on the 19 July 2007.
|Climate data for Guyra Hospital (1981-2014)|
|Record high °C (°F)||34.4
|Average high °C (°F)||24.1
|Average low °C (°F)||12.1
|Record low °C (°F)||1.4
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||115.9
|Average rainy days (≥ 0.2mm)||11.7||11.4||10.2||8.9||10.3||11.4||11.5||9.2||8.5||10.2||11.8||11.9||127|
|Source: Bureau of Meteorology|
On 3–4 July 1984, an intense and widespread cold snap produced moderate to heavy snowfalls throughout the Northern Tablelands, including Guyra. During the event, Guyra recorded a maximum temperature of −0.3 °C (31.5 °F) on 3 July and 0.5 °C (32.9 °F) on 4 July. The maximum for 3 July is the most northerly sub-zero maximum temperature recorded in Australia. On one of the days during the event, Guyra recorded a 3pm temperature of −3.2 °C (26.2 °F), possibly the coldest mid-afternoon temperature outside the Snowy Mountains. On 12 October 2012, widespread snowfalls unusually late in the year were recorded over the Northern Tablelands, including Guyra, which recorded 17 centimetres (6.7 in) at 9am that day.
At the 2011 census, 7.0% of employed people in Guyra worked in Sheep, Beef Cattle and Grain Farming. Other major industries of employment included Mushroom and Vegetable Growing 6.5%, School Education 4.1%, Local Government Administration 3.8% and Cafes, Restaurants and Takeaway Food Services 3.6%..
The principal industries include fine wool and prime lambs, beef cattle, potatoes and tomatoes. A 20 ha green house has been built at Guyra which will employ up to 240 workers and produce 12 million kg of tomatoes making them the largest tomato producer in Australia. Top of the Range Tomatoes, Guyra won the Northern Inland Development Innovation Award for Agriculture and also the Innovator of the Year Award in 2007.
The main annual celebration is the Lamb and Potato Festival held in January. Other events are the Guyra Show, held in February each year, the Rotary Christmas Carnival in December and in 2009 the first Mountain Bike Challenge was held on 14 March as a fundraiser for the Westpac Rescue Helicopter service.
Trout fishing is a popular past-time with local streams stocked yearly. Laura Creek flowing from Guyra to the west is popular and is accessed via Balderseigh Road. Fishing cabins and cottages are available for accommodation at 26 km.
The local bowling club boasts of being the highest (elevation above sea level) bowling green in the southern hemisphere, which is in fact not correct as there are several lawn bowling clubs in Johannesburg, South Africa, which is at several hundred metres higher elevation than Guyra.
There are many local organisations such as Lions and Rotary. The town also has a strong sporting background with football, polocrosse, soccer and cricket teams. Guyra also has bowling greens, tennis courts, a cricket field, hockey fields and a gun and rifle range.
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- New England Holiday, New England Tourist Zone Association, n.d.
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- "Guyra (2365)". OKtravel. Retrieved 21 March 2013.
- Donald, J.Kay, Exploring the North Coast and New England, Kangaroo Press, Kenthurst, 1987.
- Guyra Guide 2008, Guyra Argus, Guyra, 2008
- Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Premier Postal Auctions. Retrieved 26 May 2011.
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- "Opening of the Great Northern Railway Extension to Glen Innes.". The Maitland Mercury & Hunter River General Advertiser (NSW : 1843 - 1893). NSW: National Library of Australia. 21 August 1884. p. 4. Retrieved 21 March 2013.
- Shoebridge, Joanne (12 October 2003). "Guyras comeback faces further hurdles". Landline. www.abc.net.au: Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 9 October 2016.
- "Guyra Hospital". Climate statistics for Australian locations. Bureau of Meteorology. March 2014. Retrieved 22 March 2014.
- "Stormy Weather - A Century of storms, fire, flood and drought in NSW" (PDF). Bureau of Meteorology. p. 38. Retrieved 21 March 2013.
- "Daily Maximum Temperature - Guyra Hospital, 1984". Climate Data Online. Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 21 March 2013.
- "Picture perfect Oct-snow-ber day". The Guyra Argus. 19 October 2012. Retrieved 21 March 2013.
- Northern Inland Innovation Awards 2007 Retrieved on 2 May 2009
- Up to the challenge Retrieved on 2 May 2009