Entrance to Kibbutz Gvat
|Founded||28 November 1926|
|Founded by||Olim from Pinsk|
Gvat or Gevat (Hebrew: גְּבַת) is a kibbutz in northern Israel near Migdal HaEmek in the Jezreel Valley. It falls under the jurisdiction of Jezreel Valley Regional Council. In 2006 it had a population of 670. Gvat is the founder of Plastro, one of the world's largest drip irrigation systems manufacturers.
The kibbutz was established on November 28, 1926 by a group of Fourth Aliyah pioneers from Pinsk, Poland, on the land of the village of Jibta, which had been sold by the Sursock family and their partners to the Zionists.
In 1922, the first kibbutz members formed a Kvutza in memory of the 35 members of the Jewish community of Pinsk killed by the Polish Army on April 5, 1919 during the Pinsk massacre. The kibbutz was named after Givta, a town located near Tzippori during the period of the Second Temple. In 1931 with the help of the Jewish National Fund and donations from Pinsk's Jewish community, a forest commemorating the victims of the Pinsk massacre was planted near Gvat.
The kibbutz was established on classical Zionist-Socialist principles and until today there is no synagogue. Gvat was later joined by adherents of the Poalei Zion movement from Pinsk and its surrounding region, as well as by members of HaHalutz from Poland and Germany. In 1951, following the split in The United Kibbutz (Hebrew: הקיבוץ המאוחד, HaKibbutz HaMeuhad) movement, some of Gvat's members left the kibbutz and together with members of Kvutzat HaSharon founded kibbutz Ihud HaSharon - Gvat, later renamed Yif'at in 1952.
On October 6, 1973, during the Yom Kippur War, Soviet-made surface-to-surface FROG-7 missiles launched by Syria struck Gvat, presumably aimed at a nearby airfield. Despite extensive damage to the buildings, there were no casualties, since the inhabitants had been sleeping in underground shelters.
Archeological evidence, including columns and masonry inscribed with Latin, shows that a first-century BCE Judeo-Roman settlement existed at the site.
As of 2006 Gvat had a population of 670.
|Year||Population of Gvat|
Irrigation equipment manufacturing company Plastro was established in 1966 by Kibbutz Gvat. Plastro is the world's second largest drip irrigation company after Netafim (also from Israel). Plastro and Netafim, together with Israel's other irrigation equipment company NaanDan Irrigation Systems, control roughly half the world market, worth from $1 to $1.5 billion a year.
In 2005 Australian billionaire John Gandel, acquired 50% interest in Plastro Irrigation Systems. But in May 2007 Kibbutz Gvat, using a loan from John Deere & Company, exercised an option to buy back the shares.
In 2008 Kibbutz Gvat agreed to sell its 75.1% stake at Plastro Irrigation Systems Ltd to John Deere at a company value of NIS 265 million. John Deere was obliged to leave Plastro at the kibbutz employing Kibbutz Gvat members for 15 years. Also John Deere agreed to pay Gvat $1.3 million annually over ten years for a non-competition agreement. In exchange Kibbutz Gvat agreed to cease receiving management fees for Plastro.
Kibbutz Gvat runs Bet Herschel theater, named after one of the kibbutz founders, where movies and stage productions are shown. The kibbutz also has a regional sports center.
- Haim Gvati (1901–1990), Minister of Agriculture of Israel between 1964 and 1974.
- Fania Bergstein (1908–1950), Hebrew poet.
- Daniel Libeskind (born 1946), Architect who lived in Gvat between 1960 and 1962.
- List of villagers sold by Sursocks and their partners to the Zionists since British Occupation of Palestine, from the Shaw Commission, 1930
- Wistrich, Robert S.; David Ohana (1995). The Shaping of Israeli Identity. Routledge. p. 162. ISBN 0-7146-4641-5. Retrieved 2008-08-30.
- Turai, Abraham (1947). The Emek Jezreel and the Beisan Valley. p. 100.
- "Gvat". The Galilee settlement site (in Hebrew). Retrieved 2008-08-30.
- "Communities". Emek Yizrael Regional Council. Retrieved 2011-09-06.
- Katriel, Tamar (1997). Performing the Past: A Study of Israeli Settlement Museum. ISBN 0-8058-1658-5. Retrieved 2008-08-30.
- Netanel Lorch One Long War: Arab Versus Jew Since 1920, Herzl Press, 1976, p.192
- Middleton, Drew (1983). Crossroads of Modern Warfare. Doubleday. p. 285. ISBN 0-385-14937-9.
- Roth, Cecil (1958). The Standard Jewish Encyclopedia. Massadah Pub. Co.
- "About Us". www.plastro.com. Retrieved 2008-08-30.
- Gavison, Yoram (2007-06-11). "John Deere negotiating to buy controlling interest in Plastro". www.haaretz.com. Retrieved 2008-08-30.
- "Israel's Innovative Irrigation Systems". The Israel Export and International Cooperation Institute. 2006-08-16. Retrieved 2008-08-30.
- "Newsletter April 2005". Israel Trade Commission. April 2005. Archived from the original on 2008-03-31. Retrieved 2008-08-30.
- Shauly, Avi (2008-02-10). "John Deere buys Plastro". www.globes-online.com. Retrieved 2008-08-30.
- "The History". The Jewish Community of Pinsk. Retrieved 2008-08-30.
- "Personality of the Week". Beth Hatefutsoth, the Nahum Goldmann Museum of the Jewish Diaspora. Retrieved 2008-08-30.
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