Gvozd

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Gvozd
Гвозд/Вргинмост (Serbian)[1]
Municipality and Settlement
Općina Gvozd/Naselje Vrginmost
Coat of arms of Gvozd
Coat of arms
Map of the municipality within Sisak-Moslavina County
Map of the municipality within Sisak-Moslavina County
Vrginmost is located in Croatia
Vrginmost
Vrginmost
Location in Croatia
Coordinates: 45°19′N 15°55′E / 45.317°N 15.917°E / 45.317; 15.917
Country  Croatia
County Sisak-Moslavina
Government
 • Municipal mayor Branko Jovičić (SDSS)
Population (2011)[2]
 • Total 2,970
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Area code(s) 044

Gvozd is a municipality in Sisak-Moslavina County, Croatia.[2] Its seat is located in Vrginmost (Vrgin Most), which was named Gvozd between 1996 and 2012, when it was renamed amid political controversy.[clarification needed][3][4][5]

Languages and names[edit]

Croatian is the official first language. Serbian language with its Cyrillic alphabet is the officially recognised second language. In Cyrillic, Vrginmost is known as Вргинмост and (between 1996 and 2012) Gvozd as Гвозд.[citation needed]

History[edit]

In 1097, the last native Croatian King Petar Svačić was killed here during the Battle of Gvozd Mountain, which led to the mountain being renamed Petrova Gora (Petar's Mountain). It was ruled by Ottoman Empire between 1536 and 1691 as part of Bosnia Eyalet. In 1942, Andrija Artuković ordered the killing of the entire population of Vrginmost and its surrounding villages in 1942, according to the charges laid against him in his deportation hearings in the United States.[6]

The town was officially known as Gvozd between 1996[7] and 23 October 2012.[why?]

During the Croatian War of Independence, Vrginmost was a part of the unrecognized breakaway Republic of Serbian Krajina. It was retaken by the Croatian army during Operation Storm.[citation needed]

Demographics[edit]

Settlements[edit]

The municipality consists of 19 settlements:[2]

History[edit]

The municipality had big population changes in various censuses, possibly because of war and because of frequent border changes of municipalities in Croatia:

  • In the 2001 census there were 3,779 people in the municipality, 58% of whom were ethnic Serbs and 40% Croats.[8] 3,575 declared their mother tongue as Croatian, 155 as Serbian, and 49 as other languages.[8]

Notable natives and residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Government of Croatia (October 2013). "Peto izvješće Republike Hrvatske o primjeni Europske povelje o regionalnim ili manjinskim jezicima" (PDF) (in Croatian). Council of Europe. p. 36. Retrieved 30 November 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c "Population by Age and Sex, by Settlements, 2011 Census: Gvozd". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012. 
  3. ^ "Promijenili ime Gvozda u - Vrginmost" (in Croatian). Nova TV (Croatia). Retrieved 20 April 2013. 
  4. ^ "Pokrajine". Novossti.com. 29 October 2012. Retrieved 30 January 2016. 
  5. ^ "Gvozd će se opet zvati Vrginmost". Dnevnik.hr. 13 June 2012. Retrieved 30 January 2016. 
  6. ^ ROHRLICH, TED (19 January 1988). "Artukovic, Extradited as Nazi War Criminal, Dies" – via LA Times. 
  7. ^ "Croatian mayor sees U.S. holiday first-hand Visitor from war-torn nation enjoys feast and festivities", Daily Herald, 29 November 2002.
  8. ^ a b "SAS Output". Dzs.hr. Retrieved 30 January 2016. 

Coordinates: 45°21′N 15°53′E / 45.350°N 15.883°E / 45.350; 15.883