|Municipality and Settlement|
|Općina Gvozd/Naselje Vrginmost|
Map of the municipality within Sisak-Moslavina County
|• Municipal mayor||Branko Jovičić (SDSS)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
Gvozd is a municipality in Sisak-Moslavina County, Croatia. Its seat is located in Vrginmost (Vrgin Most), which was named Gvozd between 1996 and 2012, when it was renamed amid political controversy.[clarification needed]
Languages and names
Croatian is the official first language. Serbian language with its Cyrillic alphabet is the officially recognised second language. In Cyrillic, Vrginmost is known as Вргинмост and (between 1996 and 2012) Gvozd as Гвозд.
In 1097, the last native Croatian King Petar Svačić was killed here during the Battle of Gvozd Mountain, which led to the mountain being renamed Petrova Gora (Petar's Mountain). It was ruled by Ottoman Empire between 1536 and 1691 as part of Bosnia Eyalet. In 1942, Andrija Artuković ordered the killing of the entire population of Vrginmost and its surrounding villages in 1942, according to the charges laid against him in his deportation hearings in the United States.
- Blatuša, population 171
- Bović, population 91
- Brnjavac, population 93
- Crevarska Strana, population 161
- Čremušnica, population 103
- Dugo Selo Lasinjsko, population 46
- Golinja, population 38
- Gornja Čemernica, population 142
- Gornja Trstenica, population 88
- Kirin, population 52
- Kozarac, population 122
- Ostrožin, population 32
- Pješčanica, population 161
- Podgorje, population 150
- Slavsko Polje, population 338
- Stipan, population 50
- Šljivovac, population 32
- Trepča, population 5
- Vrginmost (Gvozd at the time of census), population 1,095
The municipality had big population changes in various censuses, possibly because of war and because of frequent border changes of municipalities in Croatia:
- In the 2001 census there were 3,779 people in the municipality, 58% of whom were ethnic Serbs and 40% Croats. 3,575 declared their mother tongue as Croatian, 155 as Serbian, and 49 as other languages.
Notable natives and residents
|This section does not cite any sources. (October 2013) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
- Government of Croatia (October 2013). "Peto izvješće Republike Hrvatske o primjeni Europske povelje o regionalnim ili manjinskim jezicima" (PDF) (in Croatian). Council of Europe. p. 36. Retrieved 30 November 2016.
- "Population by Age and Sex, by Settlements, 2011 Census: Gvozd". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012.
- "Promijenili ime Gvozda u - Vrginmost" (in Croatian). Nova TV (Croatia). Retrieved 20 April 2013.
- "Pokrajine". Novossti.com. 29 October 2012. Retrieved 30 January 2016.
- "Gvozd će se opet zvati Vrginmost". Dnevnik.hr. 13 June 2012. Retrieved 30 January 2016.
- ROHRLICH, TED (19 January 1988). "Artukovic, Extradited as Nazi War Criminal, Dies" – via LA Times.
- "Croatian mayor sees U.S. holiday first-hand Visitor from war-torn nation enjoys feast and festivities", Daily Herald, 29 November 2002.
- "SAS Output". Dzs.hr. Retrieved 30 January 2016.