Gvulot

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Gvulot
גְּבוּלוֹת
Gvulot is located in Israel
Gvulot
Gvulot
Coordinates: 31°12′37.08″N 34°27′57.95″E / 31.2103000°N 34.4660972°E / 31.2103000; 34.4660972Coordinates: 31°12′37.08″N 34°27′57.95″E / 31.2103000°N 34.4660972°E / 31.2103000; 34.4660972
District Southern
Council Eshkol
Affiliation Kibbutz Movement
Founded 12 May 1943
Founded by Romanian and Turkish immigrants.
Population (2015)[1] 299
Website www.gvulot.org
Mitzpe Gvulot

Gvulot (Hebrew: גְּבוּלוֹת‎, lit. "Borders") is a kibbutz in southern Israel. Located in the north-western Negev desert, it falls under the jurisdiction of Eshkol Regional Council. In 2015 it had a population of 299. Gvulot is located about 120 m above sea level.[2]

History[edit]

The village was established on land owned by the Jewish National Fund (JNF) on 12 May 1943 by immigrants from Romania and Turkey,[citation needed] who were members of the "Kibbutz Eretz Israel Gimel" group of Hashomer Hatzair, with financial assistance from Keren Hayesod. Initially named Mitzpe Gvulot (Hebrew: מִצְפֶּה גְּבוּלוֹת‎, lit. Borders lookout), it was the first of the three lookouts, the others being Beit Eshel and Revivim. It was the second modern Jewish settlement in the Negev and the first in the Gaza area.[2][3] Its purpose was to guard JNF land, as well as to research the soil and climate of the region and assess their suitability for agriculture.

It was recognised as a kibbutz in 1946. Before the 1948 Arab–Israeli War it was divided into two—a small cluster of families in its post-war location, and the rest in the nearby military base. During the war, the base served the 8th Brigade. After the war, in 1949, all the residents moved to Gvulot's present location, about 1.5 km south of the base.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 October 2016. 
  2. ^ a b Vilnai, Ze'ev (1976). "Gvulot". Ariel Encyclopedia (in Hebrew). Volume 2. Tel Aviv, Israel: Am Oved. p. 1129. 
  3. ^ Mitzpe Gvulot - The first lookout in the Negev Kibbutz Gvulot

External links[edit]