Gwaelod-y-Garth

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Gwaelod-y-garth
Gwaelod-y-garth-photo.jpg
Gwaelod-y-garth is located in Cardiff
Gwaelod-y-garth
Gwaelod-y-garth
Location within Cardiff
OS grid referenceST214824
Principal area
Ceremonial county
CountryWales
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townCARDIFF
Postcode districtCF15
Dialling code029
PoliceSouth Wales
FireSouth Wales
AmbulanceWelsh
UK Parliament
Senedd Cymru – Welsh Parliament
List of places
UK
Wales
Cardiff
51°32′50″N 3°16′36″W / 51.5472°N 3.2766°W / 51.5472; -3.2766Coordinates: 51°32′50″N 3°16′36″W / 51.5472°N 3.2766°W / 51.5472; -3.2766

Gwaelod-y-garth (Welsh for Foot of the Garth) is a village in the parish of Pentyrch, Cardiff in Wales.

Location[edit]

It is situated six miles north of Cardiff and seven miles from Pontypridd. Neighbours Pentyrch. The castle of Castell Coch is within reach of the village, by car or by foot.

History[edit]

In Elizabethan times, Gwaelod-y-Garth was noted for its iron-ore mines. The mines were opened between 1565 and 1625, and re-opened in the 19th century by the Blackmoor Booker company. In the early 1990s, a campaign was held to save the site.[1][self-published source]

The Pentyrch Iron Works was opened in Gwaelod-y-Garth in 1740 (Gwaelod-y-Garth was then in the parish of Pentyrch). It supplied iron to the Melingriffith Tin Plate Works in Whitchurch, about 3 miles (4.8 km) downriver.[2] In 1812 a tramway was constructed to the Mellingriffith Works; in 1871 this was upgraded to the standard-gauge Melingriffith and Pentyrch Railway.[3] An Ordnance Survey map revised in 1915 shows the works as 'disused'.[4] The forge from the ironworks was demolished in 1977[5] and the site is now used for housing.

Amenities[edit]

Amenities include a Royal Mail collection point, Garth Tyres yard and a police car park, from where South Wales Police Roads Unit is run. There is also a large playing field named Heol Berry. This is the location whereby local amateur football team Gwaelod Rangers play. At the top end of the village is the village pub, the Gwaelod Y Garth Inn. Situated in the village is Gwaelod-y-Garth Primary School, a school that educates through both the medium of Welsh and English. The students are separated into two sections of the school (English and Welsh). The village has a Welsh medium chapel called Bethlehem built in 1832.

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Malpass, Reg (1 February 2007). "Garth Iron Mine - Pentyrch". welshcoalmines. Retrieved 1 September 2020.
  2. ^ "Pentyrch Ironworks". Grace's Guide to British Industrial History. Retrieved 1 September 2020.
  3. ^ "Melingriffith and Pentyrch Railway". Coflein. Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales. Retrieved 1 September 2020.
  4. ^ Glamorgan XXXVI.16 (Map). 10,560. Ordnance Survey. 1920.
  5. ^ "Pentyrch Forge". Coflein. Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales. Retrieved 1 September 2020.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]