In Elizabethan times, Gwaelod-y-Garth was noted for its iron-ore mines. The mines were opened between 1565 and 1625, and re-opened in the 19th century by the Blackmoor Booker company. In the early 1990s, a campaign was held to save the site.[self-published source]
The Pentyrch Iron Works was opened in Gwaelod-y-Garth in 1740 (Gwaelod-y-Garth was then in the parish of Pentyrch). It supplied iron to the Melingriffith Tin Plate Works in Whitchurch, about 3 miles (4.8 km) downriver. In 1812 a tramway was constructed to the Mellingriffith Works; in 1871 this was upgraded to the standard-gauge Melingriffith and Pentyrch Railway. An Ordnance Survey map revised in 1915 shows the works as 'disused'. The forge from the ironworks was demolished in 1977 and the site is now used for housing.
Amenities include a Royal Mail collection point, Garth Tyres yard and a police car park, from where South Wales Police Roads Unit is run. There is also a large playing field named Heol Berry. This is the location whereby local amateur football team Gwaelod Rangers play. At the top end of the village is the village pub, the Gwaelod Y Garth Inn. Situated in the village is Gwaelod-y-Garth Primary School, a school that educates through both the medium of Welsh and English. The students are separated into two sections of the school (English and Welsh). The village has a Welsh medium chapel called Bethlehem built in 1832.
- Jane Davidson, Minister of the Welsh Assembly Government;
- Harpist and composer Catrin Finch and her music and television producer recently separated husband Hywel Wigley;
- Dr. Mary Gillham, one of the first women to visit Antarctica in 1959.
- Malpass, Reg (1 February 2007). "Garth Iron Mine - Pentyrch". welshcoalmines. Retrieved 1 September 2020.
- "Pentyrch Ironworks". Grace's Guide to British Industrial History. Retrieved 1 September 2020.
- "Melingriffith and Pentyrch Railway". Coflein. Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales. Retrieved 1 September 2020.
- Glamorgan XXXVI.16 (Map). 10,560. Ordnance Survey. 1920.
- "Pentyrch Forge". Coflein. Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales. Retrieved 1 September 2020.
- Pictures of Gwaelod-y-garth
- Report on the iron workings
- www.geograph.co.uk : photos of Gwaelod-y-Garth and surrounding area
- Bethlehem Gwaelod-y-garth
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