Gwaldam

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Gwaldam
Town
Gwaldam is located in Uttarakhand
Gwaldam
Gwaldam
Gwaldam is located in India
Gwaldam
Gwaldam
Location in Uttarakhand, India
Coordinates: 30°01′N 79°34′E / 30.02°N 79.57°E / 30.02; 79.57Coordinates: 30°01′N 79°34′E / 30.02°N 79.57°E / 30.02; 79.57
Country  India
State Uttarakhand
District Chamoli
Area
 • Total 1.2526 km2 (0.4836 sq mi)
Elevation 1,940 m (6,360 ft)
Population 1557males and 1363 females in 690 households. Literacy percent is78% (Census 2011)
 • Total 2,920
 • Density 2,300/km2 (6,000/sq mi)
Languages Hindi, Garhwali, Kumaoni, Tibetan
 • Officially announced Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
246441 246441
Vehicle registration UK 11
Website uk.gov.in

Telephone code +91-1363

Gwaldam is a hill station in India, situated between the Garhwal and Kumaon. 39 km from Kausani.

Geography[edit]

Gwaldam is located at 30°01′N 79°34′E / 30.02°N 79.57°E / 30.02; 79.57.[1] It has an average elevation of 1,940 metres (6,364 feet). It is 20 km far from Baijnath, capital of medieval Katyuri kings and 25 km far from Kulsari the famous camp station of Nanda Devi Raj Jat.

Gwaldam is a small town itself, the main reason for its prosperity is its being a junction of Kumaon and Garhwal and too many paths lead to different areas and villages. It is also a base camp for the trekkers who enter from Kathgodam (Nainital) railhead on trekking route to Lord Curzon Trail (Kuari Pass), Nanda Devi Raj Jat and Roopkund. Once it was a mandi for potato and apple trade. The view of Trishul is magnificent from here. The deodar cover of the landscape makes it a scenic spot.Here so many picnic and devotional spot are available like Badhangari, Gwaldam naag, Angyari mahadev, Machchi taal, Budhdha temple, river sites of Pindar, wildlife rich area along the Roopkund road and so on.Main village of Atal Adarsh Gram Gwaldam is talla Gwaldam which is situated 2 kilometer from Gwaldam market that was famous for ancient Dak-khana (post office) and Chaykhana (tea factory). Here one suspicious box near to the village is still the center of attraction which is placed here since British period. All these make it a tourist spot. History: Historically Gwaldam is a part of Garhwal hills and situated at the crucial borderline between Garhwal and Kumaon. Too many battles were fought here in past. It being on a strategic point it remained an apple of discord between the Garhwal and Kumaon kings. Gwaldam is situated at the saddle of Gwaldam-Shisakhani ridge and Gwaldam-Badhangarhi ridge. Border could be crossed through Gwaldam only. South of these ridges is Kumaon and north is Garhwal. Later Katyuri kings, who hailed from Joshimath,and had sympathy for King of Garhwal because of lineage. King of Badhangarhi was under king of Garhwal and had not in good term with King of Kumaon but had good relation with Katyuri king because of neighborhoods. All these led to an unfortunate situation between Kumaon and Garhwal kings. In order to browbeat king of Badhangarhi in last decade of 16th century, Chand king sent Parkhu, a great warrior to fight with king of Badhangarhi. Unfortunately, line of supply was cut short by the Katyuri king and Parkhu was beheaded at Binayakdhar, perhaps nearby crossroad at Gwaldam. King of Garhwal rewarded the soldier who brought the head to Shrinagar. This infuriated the Chand King, Rudra Chand and he personally led the troops and captured the Katyuri king and later killed the Katyuri king Sukhal Deo and exiled his family. Thus the importance of Gwaldam can be understood. Atkinson, in his masterpiece, The Himalayan Gazetteer, narrated all these episodes.

Because of strategic importance a base camp of ITBP was established in 1960’s and SSB training center was established in 1970’s which was meant for some secret military operation. Locally, then it was known as secret service bureau. SSB imparted guerilla warfare training.In Uttarakhand a large number of SSB guerilla trained persons are still ready to serve for any cause. At present a small unit of SSB is present at Gwaldam that runs occasional training courses. Major activities are shifted some elsewhere. Training grounds, sports fields, stadium, helipads and other infra-structure facility are still here. Local people expect that this large chunk of land, about 10 square kilometer could be used as adventure sports university or other fruitful activity. A hydro-electric power project of 252 MW is under construction. Head of this project is at Nandkesari on the river Pindar, a tributary of Holy river Ganga. By the completion of this project a beautiful lake would come up and would attract tourists from distant part of world.

          The women-centric Maiti movement, which involves a unique ritual of planting a sapling by a newly - wedded couple, was initiated in Gwaldam by environmentalist Kalyan Singh Rawat in 1994. To develop eco-awareness among the people it is a unique emotional program. 

Central School, Government Inter College, Girls Junior high School,Vidya-Mandir, Shishu-Mandir and other study, coaching centers are here. Krishi-Vigyan Kendra, Animal Husbandry, Veterinary Center, Fruit Processing Center, Forest Rest House, GMVN Tourist Rest House, State Bank, Chamoli District Cooperative bank branch etc., are also available here. For basic health care a government allopathic hospital is also available here. Presently under Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana, schemes like strengthening of Angora breeding farm and pilot project for establishment of Barbara goat are sanctioned.

             Government Degree College Talwari is situated at a distance of 11 km. from here. Previously it was a private degree college founded by a freedom fighter, politician, educationist and member of legislative assembly in erstwhile Uttar Pradesh, Sher Singh Danu. A State Bank of India ATM is located in the main market. Nearest Railway Station is at KATHGODAM, 180 km. away from here and nearest airport is at Gauchar at 78 km. distance from here. Airport is yet not functional but in near future we can expect regular flights. Several hotels and Garhwal Mandal Vikas Nigam guesthouses are available here most are cost between 200-2000 rupees per night .Among the legacies of British Raj the Barudghar (explosive store house), Dakkhana (post office), Chaykhana (Tea Factory), Janglat Dak Bungalow (Forest Rest House) only FRH survives with its heritage building. A beautiful Lake 'Nirmal Sarovar' (named after a great Forester NK Joshi) in FRH campus with its natural beauty and dancing fishes is a point of attraction here. Civil Society Gwaldam and NEEDS are social welfare associations that are active here.

References[edit]

  • The Himalayan Gazetteer by E.T. Atkinson (Author)

5. http://chamoli.nic.in/pages/display/79-gwaldam 6. http://www.pathikworld.com/cms/tag/badhangarhi-fort/

A view of Himalaya

www.censusindia.gov.in (Category : statistics of chamoli district) District Census Hand Book Chamoli, Census of India 2011, Uttarakhand : Series 06 - Part XII-B