|관악구 · 冠岳區|
Location of Gwanak-gu in Seoul
|• Total||29.57 km2 (11.42 sq mi)|
|• Density||18,000/km2 (46,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||Korea Standard Time (UTC+9)|
|Postal code||08700 ~ 08899|
|Area code(s)||+82-2-5xx, 8xx|
|Website||Gwanak-gu official website|
Gwanak District (Gwanak-gu) is an administrative subdivision (gu) of Seoul, South Korea. It lies on the southern skirt of Seoul, bordering Anyang of Gyeonggi Province. The southern border of Gwanak-gu, bordering Anyang, consists of the craggy ridgeline of Gwanaksan (Mt. Gwanak), which dominates the local geography.
Originally a part of Siheung, Gyeonggi, it was transferred to Seoul with the rapid expansion of the National Capital Area and its population growth in 1960s. Partitioned from Yeongdeungpo District and established as a district in 1973, it now neighbours the Seocho, Dongjak, Guro and Geumcheon Districts, and exercises jurisdiction over 21 neighbourhoods (dong), with a population of 500,000.
Gwanak District is densely populated with over 500,000 people. While it was once a rural area dominated by the presence of Gwanaksan (Mt. Gwanak), population booms in the late 1950s and early 1960s, accompanied by rapid industrialization of the capital area, quickly changed the town into a mosaic of dense residential and industrial areas. Large slum quarters were formed by migrant populations from all over Korea who sought jobs in industrialized Seoul. A series of redevelopment projects from 1970's, and the relocation of Seoul National University to the district, led to a reduction of slum quarters and indigent textile industries and transformed the town into a residential uptown neighborhood of Seoul. The area is also heavily populated by university students from surrounding provinces.
Central commercial zones include the Seorim and Daehak area and the Cheongnyong area near Seoul National University. These areas also form a large zone of private dormitories and small houses, which primarily target university students and national examination takers (gosi-saeng) looking for an environment that is favorable for studying. Restaurants, supermarkets, bars and pubs in the area are centered in Nokdu Street (Nokdu-geori) in the Daehak area and near Seoul National University Station. Other commercial zones for residents are located along the Nambu Beltway and two main roads.
The main shopping district, the Bongcheon Central Market (Bongcheon-jungang-sijang), is positioned in Jungang Neighbourhood, north from Seoul National University Station.
Nambu Beltway, which circles Seoul, passes through the very center of the district. The beltway and two main avenues, Gwanak Road (Gwanak-ro) and Sillim Road (Sillim-ro), make the main route of the automobile traffic. Nambu Beltway is connected to multiple express ways.
Green Line (Line 2) and Blue Line (Line 4) of Seoul Metro links Gwanak District and other areas. Many trunk (painted in blue) buses such as 501, 506, 651 and 750 lines, and branch (in green) buses in 5XXX or X5XX line passes Gwanak area.
- Seoul Metro (Seoul Metropolitan Rapid Transit Corporation)
There are three statutory subdivisions: Sillim, Bongcheon and Namhyeon Neighbourhood. Those are further divided into multiple administrative neighbourhoods (dong) to balance excessive populations and for administrative expedience. As of September, 2008, there are 21 administrative neighbourhoods in Gwanak District.
|Statutory Neighbourhood||Administrative Neighbourhood||Hangul||Hanja|
|Boramae||보라매||No hanja notation|
Points of interest
- Seoul National University
- Seoul Museum of Art, South Branch (SeMA Nam-Seoul)
- Former Belgian Consulate Building
- Horim Museum (Official website)
- Nokdu Street
- Anguk Shrine
- Gwanaksan (Mt. Gwanak)
- Gwaneum-sa Buddhist Temple (in Gwanaksan Park)
- Daxing, Beijing, China
- Tiexi, Shenyang, China
- Royal Kingston, London, United Kingdom
- Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, United States of America
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gwanak-gu, Seoul.|
- Korean Statistical Information Service (Korean) > Population and Household > Census Result (2010) > Population by Administrative district, Sex and Age / Alien by Administrative district and Sex, Retrieved 2010-06-02.