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Gwavas is a residential council estate on the southern outskirts of the town of Newlyn in west Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. It is situated immediately west of Gwavas Road and takes its name from nearby Gwavas Farm.
History and geography
The name Gwavas derives from the Cornish "gwaf" meaning winter, and "bos" meaning abode.
The estate was built by Penzance Borough Council in 1937 following limited slum clearance in the harbour area of Newlyn. The slum clearance programme was intended to be much larger but many houses were saved following the famous Rosebud Campaign.
Situated on hilly ground, Gwavas contributes to much of the Penzance South Ward's high standing on the UK government's index of deprivation. Most of the housing stock is now in the ownership of Penwith Housing Association following the sale of Penwith council housing stock in 1994.
Nearby is the Gwavas Lake which is an area of relatively calm water that is situated outside the current harbour area of Newlyn. The natural protection afforded by the Gwavas Lake (an area of seawater in Mount's Bay) led to many Newlyn fishermen using this area as a preferred landing site.