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Coordinates: 50°06′07″N 5°33′07″W / 50.102°N 5.552°W / 50.102; -5.552

The lane at Gwavas Farm

Gwavas is a residential council estate on the southern outskirts of the town of Newlyn in west Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. It is situated immediately west of Gwavas Road and takes its name from nearby Gwavas Farm.[1]

History and geography[edit]

The name Gwavas derives from the Cornish "gwaf" meaning winter, and "bos" meaning abode.

The estate was built by Penzance Borough Council in 1937 following limited slum clearance in the harbour area of Newlyn[citation needed]. The slum clearance programme was intended to be much larger but many houses were saved following the famous Rosebud Campaign.[2]

Situated on hilly ground, Gwavas[1][3] contributes to much of the Penzance South Ward's high standing on the UK government's index of deprivation[citation needed]. Most of the housing stock is now in the ownership of Penwith Housing Association following the sale of Penwith council housing stock in 1994[citation needed].

Gwavas Lake[edit]

Nearby is the Gwavas Lake which is an area of relatively calm water that is situated outside the current harbour area of Newlyn.[4] The natural protection afforded by the Gwavas Lake (an area of seawater in Mount's Bay) led to many Newlyn fishermen using this area as a preferred landing site.[5]


  1. ^ a b [1] Cornwall Council online mapping. Retrieved June 2010
  2. ^ [2] Newlyn website
  3. ^ Ordnance Survey: Landranger map sheet 203 Land's End ISBN 978-0-319-23148-7
  4. ^ Ordnance Survey Explorer 7; Land's End, Penzance and St. Ives, 1:25 000 scale. 1996
  5. ^ "The Harbour". Retrieved 27 March 2009. .