Gwinnett County, Georgia

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Gwinnett County
Gwinnett County Courthouse
Gwinnett County Courthouse
Map of Georgia highlighting Gwinnett County
Location within the U.S. state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 33°58′N 84°02′W / 33.96°N 84.03°W / 33.96; -84.03
Country United States
State Georgia
FoundedDecember 15, 1818
Named forButton Gwinnett
Largest cityPeachtree Corners
 • Total437 sq mi (1,130 km2)
 • Land430 sq mi (1,100 km2)
 • Water6.4 sq mi (17 km2)  1.5%%
 • Estimate 
 • Density2,123/sq mi (820/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional districts4th, 7th, 10th

Gwinnett County is a county in the north central portion of the U.S. state of Georgia.[2] As of 2019, the population is estimated to be 936,250, making it the second-most populous county in Georgia.[1] Its county seat is Lawrenceville.[3] The county is named for Button Gwinnett, one of the signatories of the Declaration of Independence.[4]

Gwinnett County is included in the Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA Metropolitan Statistical Area.


Created in 1818 by an act of the Georgia General Assembly, Gwinnett County was formed from parts of Jackson County (formerly part of Franklin County) and from lands gained through the cession of Creek Indian lands. Named for Button Gwinnett, one of the signatories of the Declaration of Independence, the first county election was held at the home of Elisha Winn, and the first Superior Court was held in his barn. The county seat was later placed at Lawrenceville.[5]

In 1831 a group of white men were tried and found guilty in Lawrenceville for violating Georgia law by living in the Cherokee Nation without a valid passport from the Governor. Two of the men appealed to the US Supreme Court in Worcester v. Georgia, which resulted in a ruling stating that only the federal government had jurisdiction over native lands, a decision which still stands.[6]

In 1861, all three of Gwinnett County's representatives at the Georgia Constitutional Convention (1861) in Milledgeville voted against secession. Towards the end of the war, Union troops foraged in Gwinnett County as part of the Atlanta Campaign.[6] The Freedmen's Bureau was active in Gwinnett County during Reconstruction. In 1871 the courthouse in Lawrenceville was burned by the Ku Klux Klan in an attempt to avoid prosecution for their crimes, which included the shooting of a black election manager in Norcross.[7]

Early in the county's history, gold mining was a minor industry. The Gwinnett Manufacturing Company, a cotton textile factory, operated in Lawrenceville in the 1850s through 1865, when it burned. The Bona Allen Company in Buford, Georgia produced saddles, harnesses and other leather goods from 1873 to 1981.[6]

The northeastern part of Gwinnett County was removed in 1914 to form a part of the new Barrow County.


alt text
The Elisha Winn House served as Gwinnett County's first courthouse.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 437 square miles (1,130 km2), of which 430 square miles (1,100 km2) is land and 6.4 square miles (17 km2) (1.5%) is water.[8] The county is located in the upper Piedmont region of the state.

It is located along the Eastern Continental Divide. A portion of the county to the northwest is a part of the Chattahoochee River National Recreation Area chain.

Allocation of water from the regional reservoir, Lake Lanier, at the extreme north of the county, has been subject to the Tri-state water dispute.

The southern and central portions of Gwinnett County are located in the Upper Ocmulgee River sub-basin of the Altamaha River basin. Most of the county's northern edge, from south of Peachtree Corners to north of Buford, is located in the Upper Chattahoochee River sub-basin of the ACF River Basin (Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint River Basin). The county's eastern edge, north and south of Dacula, is located in the Upper Oconee River sub-basin of the same Altamaha River basin.[9] The map of the county is strikingly similar to Algeria.

Adjacent counties[edit]



The county maintains a regional airport under the name Gwinnett County Airport, formerly Briscoe Field. The closest major airport serving the region is Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport.

Major roads and expressways[edit]

Interstate 285 (while not inside the county) is roughly 1.5 miles from the county line.[10]

Transit Systems[edit]

  • GRTA Xpress commuter buses and Gwinnett County Transit serve the county.
  • Norcross Greyhound Bus Terminal, 2105 Norcross Pkwy, Norcross, GA 30071[11]
  • On April 12, 2018, Gwinnett County Officials updated the transit plans to connect to the rest of Metro Atlanta via heavy rail.[12][13][14][15][16]

Pedestrians and cycling[edit]

In 2016, Suwanee unveiled the first Bike Share program in Gwinnett County. [19]


Historical population
Census Pop.
Est. 2019936,250[20]16.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[21]
1790-1960[22] 1900-1990[23]
1990-2000[24] 2010-2013[25]

Gwinnett County is often cited as one of the counties in the US that has demographically changed the most rapidly. As recently as 1990, over 90% of Gwinnett County's population was white. By 2007, the county was considered majority-minority.[26][27]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 927,781 people, 283,256 households, and 203,238 families residing in the county.[28] The population density was 1,871.2 inhabitants per square mile (722.5/km2). There were 312,896 housing units at an average density of 677.4 per square mile (261.5/km2).[29] The racial makeup of the county was 47.5% White, 28.4% black or African American, 18.4% Asian, 0.8% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 4.8% from other races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 28.5% of the population.[28] In terms of ancestry, 8.3% were German, 7.8% were Irish, 7.7% were English, and 5.8% were American.[30]

Of the 283,256 households, 45.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.2% were married couples living together, 14.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 24.3% were non-families, and 19.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.98 and the average family size was 3.40. The median age was 33.7 years.[28]

The median income for a household in the county was $63,219 and the median income for a family was $70,767. Males had a median income of $48,671 versus $39,540 for females. The per capita income for the county was $26,901. About 8.7% of families and 11.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.1% of those under age 18 and 8.1% of those age 65 or over.[31]


Government and politics[edit]

Under Georgia's "home rule" provision, county governments have free rein to legislate on all matters within the county, provided that such legislation does not conflict with state or federal law, or state or federal Constitutions.

Gwinnett County, Georgia is governed by a five-member Board of Commissioners, which exercises both legislative and executive authority within the county. The chairman of the board is elected county-wide and serves full-time. The four other commissioners are elected from single-member districts and serve part-time positions. The board hires a county administrator who oversees daily operations of the county's twelve executive departments. Gwinnett County has a police department that operates under the authority of the Board of Commissioners. Some of the local Gwinnett city budgets have recently come under increasing scrutiny of the General Funds allocated to police services. Cities such as Duluth have allocated as much as forty percent of their city budgets, reaching some of the highest levels in the nation.[45] Solutions to high spending being discussed include additional “investment in mental health, housing, youth development and living wages would stabilize communities and prove more effective than policing.”[46]

In addition to the Board of Commissioners, county residents also elect persons to the following positions: Sheriff, District Attorney, Probate Court Judge, Clerk of State/Superior Court, Tax Commissioner, State Court Solicitor, Chief Magistrate Judge (who appoints other Magistrate Court judges), Chief Superior Court Judge and Superior Court Judges, and Chief State Court Judge and State Court Judges.

Gwinnett County has the largest public school system in the state of Georgia.[citation needed] Members of the Board of Education are elected from special election districts in the county.

From 1980 until 2012, the county was a Republican stronghold in presidential elections, which has since changed in recent times as the county has gotten larger and more diverse. In 2016, Hillary Clinton became the first Democrat to win Gwinnett County since 1976, when Georgia native Jimmy Carter won every county in the state. In 2018, Stacey Abrams became the first Democrat to win Gwinnett County in a gubernatorial election since 1986 when Joe Frank Harris swept every county statewide.

Presidential election results
Previous presidential election results[47]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 44.4% 146,989 50.2% 166,153 5.4% 17,808
2012 53.8% 159,855 44.6% 132,509 1.7% 4,992
2008 54.6% 158,746 44.4% 129,025 1.1% 3,167
2004 65.7% 160,445 33.4% 81,708 0.9% 2,190
2000 63.7% 121,756 32.2% 61,434 4.1% 7,921
1996 59.3% 96,610 33.0% 53,819 7.7% 12,516
1992 54.3% 81,822 29.4% 44,253 16.3% 24,501
1988 75.5% 66,372 23.8% 20,948 0.7% 620
1984 79.5% 54,749 20.5% 14,139
1980 52.8% 27,185 42.7% 21,958 4.5% 2,309
1976 40.0% 13,912 60.0% 20,838
1972 86.3% 18,181 13.7% 2,896
1968 30.6% 5,350 18.5% 3,230 50.9% 8,909
1964 50.4% 6,823 49.6% 6,705 0.0% 3
1960 26.5% 2,336 73.5% 6,479
1956 20.2% 1,443 79.8% 5,687
1952 14.4% 1,015 85.6% 6,026
1948 12.6% 471 76.0% 2,832 11.4% 424
1944 17.6% 713 82.4% 3,339
1940 15.3% 728 84.3% 4,023 0.4% 20
1936 18.5% 541 81.4% 2,382 0.1% 3
1932 3.4% 91 96.6% 2,616 0.0% 1
1928 52.3% 1,062 47.7% 970
1924 15.5% 207 75.8% 1,011 8.7% 116
1920 40.9% 1,140 59.1% 1,645
1916 13.4% 270 75.6% 1,528 11.0% 222
1912 35.9% 590 60.7% 997 3.4% 55

Gwinett County is one of six "reverse pivot counties", counties that voted Republican in 2008 and 2012, and voted Democratic in 2016.

Gwinnett County Board of Commissioners[edit]

District Name Party First elected Incorporated Cities of Gwinnett County represented[48]
  At-Large (Chair) Charlotte J. Nash Republican 2011 All
  1 Jace Brooks Republican 2012 Duluth, Suwanee, Sugar Hill
  2 Ben Ku Democratic 2018 Peachtree Corners, Berkeley Lake, Lilburn, Norcross, Tucker
  3 Tommy Hunter Republican 2012 Auburn, Braselton, Dacula, Lawrenceville, Grayson, Loganville, Snellville
  4 Marlene Fosque Democratic 2018 Buford, Lawrenceville, Rest Haven, Sugar Hill

United States Congress[edit]

Senators Name Party First Elected Level
  Senate Class 2 Kelly Loeffler Republican 2020 Junior Senator
  Senate Class 3 David Perdue Republican 2014 Senior Senator
Representatives Name Party First Elected Area(s) of Gwinnett County represented
  District 4 Hank Johnson Democratic 2006 Lilburn, Norcross, Snellville
  District 7 Rob Woodall Republican 2010 Peachtree Corners, Duluth, Lawrenceville, Lilburn, Suwanee, Buford, Snellville
  District 10 Jody Hice Republican 2015 Dacula, Loganville

Georgia General Assembly[edit]

Georgia State Senate[edit]

District Name Party First Elected Area(s) of Gwinnett County represented
  5 Sheikh Rahman Democratic 2018 Peachtree Corners, Lawrenceville, Lilburn, Norcross
  9 P.K. Martin IV Republican 2014 Dacula, Grayson, Lawrenceville, Lilburn, Loganville, Mountain Park, Snellville
  40 Sally Harrell Democratic 2018 Peachtree Corners, Norcross
  41 Steve Henson Democratic 2002 Lilburn
  45 Renee Unterman Republican 2002 Auburn, Braselton, Buford, Lawrenceville, Rest Haven, Sugar Hill, Suwanee
  48 Zahra Karinshak Democratic 2018 Peachtree Corners, Berkeley Lake, Duluth, Lawrenceville, Norcross, Suwanee
  55 Gloria Butler Democratic 1998 Grayson, Loganville, Mountain Park, Snellville

Georgia House of Representatives[edit]

District Name Party First Elected Area(s) of Gwinnett County represented
  81 Scott Holcomb Democratic 2010 Peachtree Corners, Norcross
  93 Dar'shun Kendrick Democratic 2010 Loganville, Snellville
  94 Karen Bennett Democratic 2012 Mountain Park
  95 Beth Moore Democratic 2018 Peachtree Corners, Berkeley Lake, Duluth, Norcross
  96 Pedro Marin Democratic 2002 Peachtree Corners, Duluth, Norcross
  97 Bonnie Rich Republican 2018 Buford, Duluth, Sugar Hill, Suwanee
  98 David Clark Republican 2014 Buford, Rest Haven, Sugar Hill
  99 Brenda Lopez Democratic 2016 Lilburn, Norcross
  100 Dewey McClain Democratic 2012 Lilburn
  101 Sam Park Democratic 2016 Lawrenceville, Suwanee
  102 Gregg Kennard Democratic 2018 Lawrenceville, Sugar Hill, Suwanee
  103 Timothy Barr Republican 2012 Braselton, Buford, Rest Haven
  104 Chuck Efstration Republican 2012 Auburn, Dacula, Lawrenceville
  105 Donna McLeod Democratic 2018 Grayson, Lawrenceville, Snellville
  106 Brett Harrell Republican 2010 Grayson, Lawrenceville, Loganville, Snellville
  107 Shelly Hutchinson Democratic 2018 Lawrenceville, Snellville
  108 Jasmine Clark Democratic 2018 Lilburn, Mountain Park
  114 Tom Kirby Republican 2012[49] Grayson, Loganville


  • Northside hospital – Lawrenceville
  • Northside hospital – Duluth
  • Eastside Medical Center – Snellville. Formerly Emory Eastside Medical Center, the hospital was purchased by Hospital Corporation of America in 2011.


The county's main newspaper is the Gwinnett Daily Post.

The Spanish language newspaper El Nuevo Georgia has its headquarters in unincorporated Gwinnett County, near Norcross.[50][51]

Telemundo Atlanta and The Atlanta Journal-Constitution are both based out of Gwinnett.


Primary and secondary schools[edit]

Gwinnett County Public Schools operates the public schools for residents in Gwinnett County, with the exception of residents inside the Buford city limits, which are served by the Buford City School District. There are 143 schools in the district—21 high schools, 29 middle schools, 80 elementary schools and 13 specialty schools, making it the largest school district in Georgia.

Private education[edit]

Colleges and universities[edit]


Minor-league affiliates of the NHL Boston Bruins, and the MLB Atlanta Braves play home games and talent scout in the area.

In 2016, the Georgia Swarm of the National Lacrosse League relocated from Minnesota and began playing games at Infinite Energy Arena. The team won the league championship in 2017.

Georgia Force of Arena Football League had also played at Arena at Gwinnett Center before the team folded in 2012.

Club Sport League Venue Founded Titles
Atlanta Gladiators Ice hockey ECHL Infinite Energy Arena 1995 0
Atlanta United 2 Soccer United Soccer League Coolray Field 2017 0
Gwinnett Stripers Baseball International League Coolray Field 2009 0
Georgia Swarm Lacrosse National Lacrosse League Infinite Energy Arena 2004 1

Gwinnett also hosts the Gwinnett Lions Rugby Football Club, a Division 3 Men's Rugby Team competing in the Georgia Rugby Union.[citation needed]




Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Population estimates, July 1, 2018, (V2018)". Retrieved June 22, 2019.
  2. ^ "About Gwinnett". Retrieved May 26, 2017.
  3. ^ "City of Lawrenceville, Georgia - Home Page". Retrieved June 29, 2016.
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp. 146.
  5. ^ "History of Gwinnett County". Gwinnett Historical Society. Retrieved December 19, 2014.
  6. ^ a b c Gagnon, Michael (2018). Gwinnett County: A Bicentennial Celebration. Gwinnett Historical Society: Gwinnett Historical Society.
  7. ^ Holman, Tyler (2018). "A Destructive Conflagration". Georgia Backroads. 17 (4): 39–43.
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  9. ^ "Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission Interactive Mapping Experience". Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission. Retrieved November 18, 2015.
  10. ^,+Doraville,+GA+30340/33.9044222,-84.2761142/@33.8989552,-84.270126,13.2z/data=!4m9!4m8!1m5!1m1!1s0x88f5a74572933141:0x7f5e6b3a4fe7135b!2m2!1d-84.2573878!2d33.9181327!1m0!3e0
  11. ^ "Norcross GA Bus Station - Greyhound".
  12. ^ "Gwinnett's transit plans now include running heavy rail into county".
  13. ^ Curt Yeomans. "Gwinnett County officials proposing MARTA-style heavy rail line".
  14. ^ "Gwinnett Considers Adding heavy Rail to Transit". Retrieved July 12, 2018.
  15. ^ Curt Yeomans. "Gwinnett County officials proposing MARTA-style heavy rail line".
  16. ^ "Gwinnett transit plan includes heavy rail connection to Doraville".
  17. ^ "New Camp Creek Greenway bridge opens in Lilburn".
  18. ^ a b c d e "Gwinnett trails master plan unveiled for review".
  19. ^ Curt Yeomans. "Suwanee unveils new bike sharing stations".
  20. ^ "2019 County Metro Population Estimates". Retrieved March 26, 2020.
  21. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 22, 2014.
  22. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 22, 2014.
  23. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 22, 2014.
  24. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 22, 2014.
  25. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 24, 2011. Retrieved June 22, 2014.
  26. ^ Estep, Tyler (November 24, 2017). "In deeply diverse Gwinnett, white residents confront minority status". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Retrieved June 8, 2020.
  27. ^ "Gwinnett's transformation: Just 14 percent white by 2050?". Atlanta Journal-Constitution. April 12, 2017. Retrieved June 8, 2020.
  28. ^ a b c "Demographics of Gwinnett County, Georgia". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 29, 2015.
  29. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 29, 2015.
  30. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 29, 2015.
  31. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 29, 2015.
  32. ^ "Contact Us." American Megatrends. Retrieved on May 6, 2009.
  33. ^ "Environmental technology nonprofit relocating to Peachtree Corners". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution / Cox Media Group. Retrieved April 15, 2019.
  34. ^ Huppertz, Karen. "New Comcast headquarters will bring 150 new jobs to Peachtree Corners". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Retrieved October 25, 2017.
  35. ^ "Economic Development". City of Peachtree Corners. Retrieved October 23, 2017.
  36. ^ "MassMutual moves from Perimeter to Peachtree Corners". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution / Cox Media Group. Retrieved April 15, 2019.
  37. ^ Mason, Mike (July 2019). "Peachtree Corners Continues to Prosper" (PDF). Peachtree Corners, GA. Retrieved July 15, 2019.
  38. ^ "United Arab Shipping Company Relocates North American Headquarters Creating 160 Jobs in Gwinnett County".
  39. ^ "Hapag-Lloyd and UASC complete merger". Hapag-Lloyd. Retrieved October 23, 2017.
  40. ^ "Praised for Quality: High Distinctions for Hapag-Lloyd - Hapag-Lloyd received a number of prestigious awards in September. In addition to being praised for its quality and products as a carrier, the company was also honored for rescuing people stranded at sea". Hapag-Lloyd AG. Retrieved December 12, 2019.
  41. ^ "Contact Us." Primerica. Retrieved on January 5, 2010.
  42. ^ "GET TO KNOW THE USTA SECTIONS". United States Tennis Association. Retrieved October 25, 2017.
  43. ^ "Contact Us Archived 2010-04-27 at the Wayback Machine." Waffle House.that doesent make sense Retrieved on May 19, 2009.
  44. ^ Woods, Mark. "If this is what it gets to, it's bad." The Florida Times-Union. May 3, 2009. Retrieved on May 19, 2009.
  45. ^ "CITY OF DULUTH GEORGIA : ANNUAL BUDGET REPORT : FISCAL YEAR 2017" (PDF). Retrieved July 12, 2018.
  46. ^ McCarthy, Niall. "How Much Do U.S. Cities Spend Every Year On Policing? [Infographic]".
  47. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved March 20, 2018.
  48. ^ Commission District Map
  49. ^ Rep. Kirby was elected in a special election in March 2012.
  50. ^ "Contáctenos." El Nuevo Georgia. Retrieved on September 18, 2012.
  51. ^ "Media Kit 2011." (in English) (Archive) El Nuevo Georgia. p. 7. Retrieved on September 18, 2012. "5855 Jimmy Carter Blvd. Norcross, GA 30071"
  52. ^ "Map[permanent dead link]" (Map Archived 2007-12-16 at the Wayback Machine). Seigakuin Atlanta International School. Retrieved on January 11, 2012. "5505 Winters Chapel Road, Atlanta, GA 30360 USA"
  53. ^ "Relocating school has Japan ties." Atlanta Journal-Constitution. September 29, 2002. JJ1. Retrieved on January 11, 2012.
  54. ^ "History ." Seigakuin Atlanta International School. Retrieved on January 11, 2012.
  55. ^ "Trevecca to offer adult, graduate degree programs in Atlanta area". Church of the Nazarene. February 2018. Retrieved January 15, 2020.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°58′N 84°02′W / 33.96°N 84.03°W / 33.96; -84.03