Gwinnett County, Georgia

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Gwinnett County, Georgia
Gwinnett County Courthouse GA.jpg
Gwinnett Historic Courthouse in Lawrenceville
Map of Georgia highlighting Gwinnett County
Location in the state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location in the U.S.
Founded December 15, 1818
Named for Button Gwinnett
Seat Lawrenceville
Largest city Peachtree Corners
Area
 • Total 437 sq mi (1,132 km2)
 • Land 430 sq mi (1,114 km2)
 • Water 6.4 sq mi (17 km2), 1.5%
Population (Est.)
 • (2013) 859,304
 • Density 1,871/sq mi (722/km²)
Congressional districts 4th, 7th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.gwinnettcounty.com

Gwinnett County is a county in the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 805,321,[1] making it the second-most populous county in Georgia. Its county seat is Lawrenceville.[2] The county is named for Button Gwinnett, one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence.[3]

Gwinnett County is included in the Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Created in 1818 by an act of the Georgia General Assembly, Gwinnett County was formed from parts of Jackson County (formerly part of Franklin County) and from lands gained through the cession of Indian lands. Named for Button Gwinnett, one of the signatories of the Declaration of Independence, the first county court was held at the home of Elisha Winn, and the county seat was placed at Lawrenceville.[4]

In 1861, all three of Gwinnett County’s representatives at the Georgia Constitutional Convention (1861) in Milledgeville voted against secession. Towards the end of the war, several skirmishes took place in Gwinnett County as part of the Atlanta Campaign.

The northeastern part of Gwinnett County was removed to form a part of the new Barrow County in 1914.

Geography[edit]

alt text
The Elisha Winn House served as Gwinnett County's first courthouse

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 437 square miles (1,130 km2), of which 430 square miles (1,100 km2) is land and 6.4 square miles (17 km2) (1.5%) is water.[5]

It is located along the Eastern Continental Divide. A portion of the county to the northwest is a part of the Chattahoochee River National Recreation Area chain.

The regional reservoir, Lake Lanier, at the extreme north of the county, is the central cause to the Tri-state water dispute.

Gwinnett is in the Chattahoochee River basin, the Ocmulgee River basin and the Oconee River basin.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Airport[edit]

The county maintains a regional airport under the name Gwinnett County Airport, formerly, Briscoe Field.

Major highways[edit]

Ronald Reagan Parkway[edit]

Main article: Ronald Reagan Parkway

Transit Systems[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 4,589
1830 13,289 189.6%
1840 10,804 −18.7%
1850 11,257 4.2%
1860 12,940 15.0%
1870 12,431 −3.9%
1880 19,531 57.1%
1890 19,899 1.9%
1900 25,585 28.6%
1910 28,824 12.7%
1920 30,327 5.2%
1930 27,853 −8.2%
1940 29,087 4.4%
1950 32,320 11.1%
1960 43,541 34.7%
1970 72,349 66.2%
1980 166,903 130.7%
1990 352,910 111.4%
2000 588,448 66.7%
2010 805,321 36.9%
Est. 2014 877,922 9.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[10] of 2010, Gwinnett County had a population of 805,321. The racial and ethnic composition of the population was 53.3% white (44.0% non-Hispanic white), 23.6% black (22.9% non-Hispanic black), 2.7% Korean, 2.6% Asian Indian, 2.0% Vietnamese, 3.3% other Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 8.8% some other race (0.3% non-Hispanic of some other race) and 3.1% from two or more races. 20.1% of the population was Hispanic or Latino with 10.7% of the total population, most being Mexican.[11] Gwinnett is the most racially diverse county in the state of Georgia, and one of the most racially diverse counties in the country.

There were 202,317 households out of which 42.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.20% were married couples living together, 10.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.70% were non-families. 18.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. Self-reported same-sex unmarried-partner households account for 0.61% of all households. The average household size was 2.88 and the average family size was 3.28.

In the county the population was spread out with 28.20% under the age of 18, 8.70% from 18 to 24, 37.50% from 25 to 44, 20.30% from 45 to 64, and 5.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 101.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $60,537, and the median income for a family was $66,693. Males had a median income of $42,343 versus $31,772 for females. The per capita income for the county was $25,006. About 3.80% of families and 5.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.90% of those under age 18 and 5.50% of those age 65 or over.

Economy[edit]

Government and politics[edit]

Under Georgia's "home rule" provision, county governments have free rein to legislate on all matters within the county, provided that such legislation does not conflict with state or federal law, or state or federal Constitutions.

Gwinnett County, Georgia is governed by a five-member Board of Commissioners, which exercises both legislative and executive authority within the county. The chairman of the Board is elected county-wide and serves full-time. The four other Commissioners are elected from single-member districts and serve part-time positions. The Board hires a County Administrator who oversees daily operations of the county's twelve executive departments. Gwinnett County has a police department that operates under the authority of the Board of Commissioners.

In addition to the Board of Commissioners, county residents also elect persons to the following positions: Sheriff, District Attorney, Probate Court Judge, Clerk of State/Superior Court, Tax Commissioner, State Court Solicitor, Chief Magistrate Judge (who appoints other Magistrate Court judges), Chief Superior Court Judge and Superior Court Judges, and Chief State Court Judge and State Court Judges.

Gwinnett County has the largest public school system in the State of Georgia. Members of the Board of Education are elected from special election districts in the county.

Gwinnett County Board of Commissioners[edit]

District Name Party First elected Area(s) of Gwinnett County Represented
  At-Large (Chair) Charlotte J. Nash Republican 2011 All
  1 Jace Brooks Duluth, Suwanee
  2 Lynette Howard Republican 2010 Berkeley Lake, Lilburn, Norcross
  3 Tommy Hunter Republican Auburn, Dacula, Grayson, Loganville, Snellville
  4 John Heard Republican 2010 Braselton, Buford, Lawrenceville, Rest Haven, Sugar Hill

United States Congress[edit]

Senators Name Party First Elected Level
  Senate Class 2 Johnny Isakson Republican 2004 Senior Senator
  Senate Class 3 David Purdue Republican 2014 Junior Senator
Representatives Name Party First Elected Area(s) of Gwinnett County Represented
  District 4 Hank Johnson Democratic 2006 Lilburn, Norcross
  District 7 Rob Woodall Republican 2010 Lilburn, Duluth, Lawrenceville, Suwanee, Buford, Snellville
  District 10 Jody Hice Republican 2015 Dacula, Loganville

Georgia General Assembly[edit]

Georgia State Senate[edit]

District Name Party First Elected Area(s) of Gwinnett County Represented
  5 Curt Thompson Democratic 2004 Norcross, Lilburn, Tucker
  9 P.K. Martin Republican 2015 Grayson, Lawrenceville, Lilburn, Loganville, Mountain Park, Snellville
  41 Steve Henson Democratic 2002 Lilburn, Tucker
  45 Renee Unterman Republican 2002 Buford, Dacula, Grayson, Lawrenceville, Loganville, Sugar Hill, Suwanee
  48 David Shafer Republican 2001 Berkeley Lake, Duluth, Peachtree Corners
  55 Gloria Butler Democratic 1999 Centerville, Stone Mountain

Georgia House of Representatives[edit]

District Name Party First Elected Area(s) of Gwinnett County Represented
  51 Tom Rice Republican 1996 Berkeley Lake and Peachtree Corners
  95 Toney Collins Democratic 2008 Centerville and Stone Mountain
  96 Pedro Marin Democratic 2002 Norcross
  97 Brooks Coleman Republican 1992 Duluth
  98 Bobby Reese Republican 2004 Buford, Rest Haven, Sugar Hill, Suwanee
  99 Hugh Floyd Democratic 2002 Lilburn and Norcross
  100 Dewey McClain Democratic 2004 Duluth, Lawrenceville, Lilburn
  101 Mike Coan Republican 1996 Lawrenceville
  102 Buzz Brockway Republican 2011 Lawrenceville, Suwanee,
  103 David Casas Republican 2002 Five Forks, Lawrenceville, Lilburn
  104 Valerie Clark Republican 2010 Lawrenceville
  105 Donna Sheldon Republican 2002 Braselton, Dacula, Hamilton Mill, Hog Mountain
  106 Melvin Everson Republican 2005 Five Forks, Lilburn, Snellville
  107 Len Walker Republican 1994 Snellville and Loganville

Hospitals[edit]

  • Gwinnett Medical Center (Lawrenceville)
  • Gwinnett Medical Center – Duluth
  • Eastside Medical Center - (Snellville) Formerly Emory Eastside Medical Center, the hospital was purchased by Hospital Corporation of America in 2011.

Media[edit]

The main newspaper of Gwinnett County, Georgia is the Gwinnett Daily Post.

The Spanish language newspaper El Nuevo Georgia has its headquarters in unincorporated Gwinnett County, near Norcross.[18][19]

Telemundo Atlanta and The Atlanta Journal-Constitution are both based out of Gwinnett.

Education[edit]

Primary and secondary schools[edit]

Gwinnett County Public Schools operates the public schools for residents in Gwinnett County, with the exception of residents inside the Buford city limits, which are served by the Buford City School District.

Private education[edit]

Colleges and universities[edit]

Sports[edit]

Minor-league affiliates of the NHL Buffalo Sabres, the Phoenix Coyotes, and the MLB Atlanta Braves play home games and talent scout in the area.

Georgia Force of Arena Football League had also played at Arena at Gwinnett Center before the team folded in 2012.

Club Sport League Venue
Gwinnett Gladiators Ice hockey ECHL Arena at Gwinnett Center
Gwinnett Braves Baseball International League Coolray Field

Gwinnett also hosts the Gwinnett Rugby International Touring Squad, a Division 3 Men's Rugby Team.

On May 29, 2015, the Minnesota Swarm of the National Lacrosse League announced it was relocating, becoming the Georgia Swarm, and will play at The Arena at Gwinnett Center beginning with the 2016 season.[citation needed]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 22, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 146. 
  4. ^ "History of Gwinnett County". www.gwinnetths.org. Gwinnett Historical SOciety. Retrieved 19 December 2014. 
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 22, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 222, 2014.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 22, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 22, 2014. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  11. ^ 2010 general profile of population and housing characteristics of Gwinnett County from the US Census]
  12. ^ "Contact Us." American Megatrends. Retrieved on May 6, 2009.
  13. ^ "Contact NCR." NCR Corporation. Retrieved on November 29, 2009.
  14. ^ "OFFICIAL ZONING MAP OF THE CITY OF NORCROSS." City of Norcross. Retrieved on May 29, 2011.
  15. ^ "Contact Us." Primerica. Retrieved on January 5, 2010.
  16. ^ "Contact Us." Waffle House.that doesent make sense Retrieved on May 19, 2009.
  17. ^ Woods, Mark. "If this is what it gets to, it's bad." The Florida Times-Union. May 3, 2009. Retrieved on May 19, 2009.
  18. ^ "Contáctenos." El Nuevo Georgia. Retrieved on September 18, 2012.
  19. ^ "Media Kit 2011." (English) (Archive) El Nuevo Georgia. p. 7. Retrieved on September 18, 2012. "5855 Jimmy Carter Blvd. Norcross, GA 30071"
  20. ^ "Map" (Map). Seigakuin Atlanta International School. Retrieved on January 11, 2012. "5505 Winters Chapel Road, Atlanta, GA 30360 USA"
  21. ^ "Relocating school has Japan ties." Atlanta Journal-Constitution. September 29, 2002. JJ1. Retrieved on January 11, 2012.
  22. ^ "History." Seigakuin Atlanta International School. Retrieved on January 11, 2012.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°58′N 84°02′W / 33.96°N 84.03°W / 33.96; -84.03