Gyöngyös

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Gyöngyös
Town
Orczy palace of Orczy family
Coat of arms of Gyöngyös
Coat of arms
Official logo of Gyöngyös
Logo
Gyöngyös is located in Hungary
Gyöngyös
Gyöngyös
Location of Gyöngyös
Gyöngyös is located in Europe
Gyöngyös
Gyöngyös
Gyöngyös (Europe)
Coordinates: 47°47′00″N 19°56′00″E / 47.7833°N 19.9333°E / 47.7833; 19.9333
Country  Hungary
County Heves
District Gyöngyös
Area
 • Total 54.1 km2 (20.9 sq mi)
Population (2001)
 • Total 33,553
 • Density 620/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 3200
Area code (+36) 37
Website www.gyongyos.hu

Gyöngyös [ˈɟøɲɟøʃ] is a town in Heves county in Hungary, 80 km (50 mi) east of Budapest. Situated at the foot of the Sár-hegy and Mátra mountains, it is the home of numerous food production plants, including milk production and sausage factories. It is also the home of many vineyards on the slopes of the Sárhegy.

The Art-Nouveau and Baroque buildings around the main square were reconstructed after a disastrous fire started in the local hospital in 1917,[1] destroying a number of buildings housing important Jewish institutions and leaving in all around 8,000 homeless.[2]

Name[edit]

Baroque Church of Saint Bernard of Gyöngyös
Gyöngyös 1938

The meaning of the town's name is "Made of Pearls"; Croats from Hungary call this city Đunđuš (pronounced as "Dyun-dyush"). The 16/17th-century historian Miklós Istvánffy wrote that the name of the town comes from the Hungarian word for mistletoe (fagyöngy literally "wood-pearl"), which is abundant in the local woods.

History[edit]

Gyöngyös was home to a large Jewish community before World War II. In 1942, anti-Jewish laws were adopted in the province, affecting the Jews of the town.[3] Following the occupation of Hungary by the German army in March 1944, 1800 Jews were locked in a ghetto. Some will be saved by an Hungarian Righteous Among the Nations but most of were deported to Auschwitz and killed.[4]

Sights to visit[edit]

There are many monuments and places of interest in the town, such as the Orczy mansion, home of the Mátra Museum, Saint Bartholomew's Church (Saint Bartholomew Church, Gyöngyös, Hungary) in the center of town, and its Treasury.

Notable residents[edit]

Politics[edit]

Sports[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Gyöngyös is twinned with:

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 47°47′N 19°56′E / 47.783°N 19.933°E / 47.783; 19.933