György Márkus

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György Márkus
George Markus.gif
Born(1934-04-13)13 April 1934
Died5 October 2016(2016-10-05) (aged 82)
Sydney, Australia
Alma materMoscow University
Era20th-century philosophy
RegionWestern philosophy
SchoolWestern Marxism
Critical theory
Main interests
Marxism · Culture

György Márkus (13 April 1934 – 5 October 2016) was a Hungarian philosopher, belonging to the small circle of critical theorists closely associated with György Lukács, usually referred to as the "Budapest School".


He completed his philosophical training at Lomonosov University in Moscow in 1957. Due to ideological disputes, he was removed from his teaching positions in Hungary in 1973, and fled in 1977 to Australia, where from 1978 he taught at the University of Sydney. Following political liberalisation in Hungary, Markus was reassimilated and taught regularly in his homeland, although he remained resident in Sydney. He was external member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences (1990). He was also on the editorial board of the academic journal Thesis Eleven: Critical Theory and Historical Sociology.

He was married to eminent Polish sociologist Dr. Maria Márkus, a lecturer at the University of New South Wales. They have two sons, György and András.

Selected publications[edit]

  • Marxizmus és „antropológia”. Az emberi lényeg fogalma Marx filozófiájában, 1966
  • Irányzatok a mai polgári filozófiában, 1972 together with Zádor Tordai
  • Hogyan lehetséges kritikai gazdaságtan?, 1973 together with György Bence and János Kis
  • Diktatúra a szükségletek felett (Dictatorship Over Needs. Ferenc Feher, Agnes Heller and Gyorgy Markus. Oxford : B. Blackwell, 1983)
  • Why is there no hermeneutics of natural sciences? Some preliminary theses. Science in Context 1987;1:5-51 (pdf)
  • Kultúra és modernitás. Hermeneutikai kísérletek, 1992
  • Metafizika – mi végre?, 1998
  • “The Soul and Life: The Young Lukács and the Problem of Culture”. Telos 32 (Summer 1977). New York: Telos Press.
  • Langage et production. Paris: Denoel/Gonthier, 1982 (English version: Language and Production- A Critique of the Paradigms. Dordrecht ; Boston : Norwell, MA, U.S.A. : D. Reidel Pub. Co. ; Kluwer Academic Publishers [distributor], c1986)
  • "A Society of Culture: The constitution of modernity". in Rethinking Imagination. 1994. Robinson, G & Rundell, J. Routledge, eds. London & New York.
  • Culture, Science, Society: The Constitution of Cultural Modernity 2011 Leiden, Brill
  • Marxism and Anthropology, 2014, revised edition with introduction by Axel Honneth, modem, Berlin.


  • Akademy Prize of the Philosophy and Humanities Section of the MTA (Hungarian Academy of Sciences), 1966
  • Lukács György-Prize 2005