|Governor of the Hungarian National Bank|
4 March 2013
|Preceded by||András Simor|
|Minister of National Economy|
29 May 2010 – 3 March 2013
|Preceded by||István Varga
(National Development and Economy)
|Succeeded by||Mihály Varga|
|Minister of Economy|
1 January 2000 – 27 May 2002
|Preceded by||Attila Chikán|
|Succeeded by||István Csillag|
|Member of the National Assembly|
16 May 2006 – 3 March 2013
18 July 1955 |
György Matolcsy (born 18 July 1955 in Budapest) is a Hungarian politician and economist, current governor of the Hungarian National Bank (MNB). He also served as Minister of Economy (2000–2002) during the first cabinet of Viktor Orbán and Minister of National Economy (2010–2013) in the Second Orbán Cabinet.
In 1977, he graduated from the Faculty of Econmics of Corvinus University of Budapest, at that time known as the Karl Marx University of Economics and Industry, and in 1981 received a PhD in economics from the same institution, the only university in Hungary before the fall of Communism where one could graduate from economics. He worked as an expert in economic institutions.
In 1990 he became for a brief period of parliamentary secretary in the Prime Minister József Antall period. In 1991-1994 he was a representative of the Hungarian Government, the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development in London, including a deputy director in the period 1991-1994, and in 1994 director of the bank. After returning to the country was among others Fidesz's economic expert, member of the National Assembly, and in 2000-2002, minister of economy. In 2003 he joined the Fidesz. On 29 May 2010 he became minister of national economy in the second Orbán cabinet.
He said in October 2011 the return to talks with IMF would be a "clear sign of weakness". He also said in the Parliament on 14 November 2011, just four days before the ministry's announcement, in a response to a Jobbik politician, "the government forming its economic policy against this three-letter institution [IMF]." On 17 November 2011 the Ministry of National Economy said "government is starting negotiations on a new type of cooperation with the International Monetary Fund (IMF) in the course of scheduled consultations."
On 1 March 2013, Prime Minister Viktor Orbán nominated Matolcsy to the position of the Governor of the Hungarian National Bank (MNB). Orbán said "performance and the facts point towards one man, and that is György Matolcsy." The Hungarian forint had steadily dropped when became official information that Matolcsy will be appointed governor. He took the office on 4 March, replacing András Simor.
He is the author of publications in the field of economics. The book, entitled Economic Balance and Growth, was published on 5 March 2015 and was translated and published in English in December 2015. It is the first of the Magyar Nemzeti Bank’s book series.
Numerous economists and banking experts have been critical of Matolcsy's unorthodox actions regarding the Hungarian National Bank's monetary policy, including former World Bank director Lajos Bokros and Raiffeisen Bank (Hungary) former CEO Péter Felcsuti. In an English language interview with Hungarian news website The Budapest Beacon, Bokros criticized Matolcsy for being a political appointee who knows nothing about monetary economics. Felcsuti said of Matolcsy, "To suggest that he is a lunatic wouldn’t be fair. He has a view which is basically very critical of the neoliberal economic school. It’s very Keynesian. He doesn’t believe in the market and he believes much more in the government that guides or directs the market. I’ll say that much about him. These are things that can be said within the frame of academic debate."
- Gyengeséget jelent - mit mondott a kormány az IMF-ről korábban?, Origo.hu, 17 November 2011; accessed 18 November 2011
- Hungary in new talks with IMF, signaling humiliating reversal for government, politics.hu, 17 November 2011; accessed 18 November 2011
- Orbán reverses himself on cabinet reshuffle, appoints controversial Economy Minister Matolcsy head of Central Bank, politics.hu, 1 March 2013; accessed 1 March 2013
- , budapestbeacon.com, 1 May 2014; accessed 17 May 2014
- , budapestbeacon.com, 15 May 2014; accessed 17 May 2014
- MTI ki kicsoda 2009, Magyar Távirati Iroda Zrt., Budapest 2008, 729. old. ISSN 1787-288X
- Matolcsy's infopage at the Hungarian Parliament's portal
- Biography at the Fidesz party's portal
- Biography from the Origo news portal from 1999
|Minister of Economy
|Minister of National Economy
|Governor of the Hungarian National Bank