Gyansagar

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Acharya Shri 108
Gyansagar
Ji Maharaj
Gyansagar
Image of digambar acharya (head of the monastic order)
Religion Jainism
Sect Digambara
Personal
Born Bhooramal Chhabda
1891
Died (1973-06-01)1 June 1973
Nasirabad, Ajmer, Rajasthan
Parents
  • Chaturbhuj (father)
  • Ghritbhari Devi (mother)
Religious career
Predecessor Acharya Shivsagar
Successor Acharya Vidyasagar
Ascetics initiated Acharya Vidyasagar
Initiation as Muni 1959
Khaniya ji, Jaipur
by Acharya Shivsagar
Initiation as Kshullak Gyanbhushan
by Acharya Veersagar

Acharya Jnansagar or Gyansagar (Hindi: आचार्य ज्ञानसागर) was a Digambara Jain Acharya of 20th century who composed many Sanskrit epics. He initiated Acharya Vidyasagar in 1968 as a monk and 1972 as an Acharya.[1]

Biography[edit]

He was born in 1891 as Bhooramal Chhabra (Hindi: भूरामल छाबड़ा). His father was named Chaturbhuj Chhabra and mother Ghritbhari Devi. He was second of five brothers (Chhaganlal being the eldest and Gangaprasad, Gaurilal and Devdatt being the younger brothers).

After completing primary studies in his village, he further studied Sanskrit and swadwad in Banaras at the famous Syadvad Mahavidyalaya founded by Ganeshprasad Varni. He was initiated a kshullak (Junior monk) by Acharya Veersagar who belonged to the lineage of Acharya Shantisagar. He was then named kshullak Gyanbhusan. He remained a kshullak for 2 years and 2 more years as Ailak before becoming a Muni (Full monk).

He was initiated a monk by Acharya Shivsagar who also belonged to the lineage of Acharya Shantisagar, in Khaniya ji, Jaipur in 1959. He was further elevated to the Acharya status in 1968 at Naseerabad, Rajasthan.

He died on June 1, 1973 in Naseerabad.[2][3]

Works[edit]

As an expert in Sanskrit, he had been a great composer in Sanskrit. At least 30 researchers have studied his works and were honored doctoral degrees. At least 300 scholars have presented research papers on his work.
His works includes 4 Sanskrit epics and 3 more Jain texts and that too in the time when the Sanskrit composition was almost obsolete. These creations have always surprised the modern Sanskrit scholars.[4]

Stamp[edit]

An official Government of India stamp in his memory was issues by minister Sachin Pilot on September 10, 2013 at Kishangarh Rajasthan.[5][6] He thus became the first Digambar Jain Acharya to have a stamp released in his memory.

Tradition[edit]

He belongs to the tradition established by Acharya Shantisagar:

  1. Acharya Shantisagar
  2. Acharya Virsagar
  3. Acharya Shivsagar
  4. Acharya Gyansagar
  5. Acharya Vidyasagar (present leader)

References[edit]