Gyeongbu Expressway

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1
ex 1
Expressway No.1
Gyeongbu Expressway
경부고속도로
Route information
Part of
Length: 416 km (258 mi)
Existed: 1968 – present
Major junctions
South end: Geumjeong-gu, Busan
Korea National Route No.7.svg National Route 7
North end: Seocho-gu, Seoul
Korea National Route No.47.svg National Route 47
South Korea road sign 301 (old).svg Yangjae-Hannam Motorway (from Yangjae IC to Hannam IC)
Location
Major cities: Yangsan, Ulsan, Gyeongju, Yeongcheon, Gyeongsan, Daegu, Gumi, Gimcheon, Daejeon, Cheongju, Cheonan, Anseong, Osan, Hwaseong, Yongin, Seongnam
Highway system

Highway systems of South Korea

Gyeongbu Expressway
Hangul 경부고속도로
Hanja 京釜高速道路
Revised Romanization Gyeongbu Gosok Doro
McCune–Reischauer Kyŏngbu Kosok Toro
Highway bus lane on Gyeongbu Expressway in South Korea

The Gyeongbu Expressway (Korean: 경부고속도로; Gyeongbu Gosokdoro) (Asian Highway Network ) is the second oldest and most heavily travelled expressway in South Korea, connecting Seoul to Suwon, Daejeon, Gumi, Daegu, and Busan. It has the route number 1, signifying its role as South Korea's most important expressway. The entire length from Seoul to Busan is 416 km and the posted speed limit is 100 km/h, enforced primarily by speed cameras.

History[edit]

  • February 1968 - Construction begins at the behest of South Korean President Park Chung-hee.
  • 21 December 1968 - Seoul-Suwon segment opens to traffic.
  • 30 December 1968 - Suwon-Osan segment opens to traffic.
  • 29 September 1969 - Osan-Cheonan segment opens to traffic.
  • 10 December 1969 - Cheonan-Daejeon segment opens to traffic.
  • 19 December 1969 - Busan-Daegu (via Gyeongju) segment opens to traffic.
  • 7 July 1970 - The last segment, the mountainous Daejeon-Daegu segment, opens to traffic, completing South Korea's first long-distance limited access expressway.
  • December 1987 - Work begins to widen to six lanes in selected areas. Some areas are widened to 8 or 10 lanes by 1996.
  • February 1995 - Bus-only lane (essentially an HOV-9) established between the northern terminus and Sintanjin for important holidays.
  • 14 July 2000 - Eight vehicles, including three buses and a five-ton truck, collide near Gimcheon, killing 18 and injuring over 100.
  • 25 August 2001 - All expressways in South Korea reorganize under a pattern modeled after the United States' Interstate Highway System. The Gyeongbu Expressway's route number of 1 is the only one not to change; however, its kilometer markers change from a north-south progression to south-north.
  • December 2002 - Korea National Expressway Corporation passes control of the northernmost 9 km stretch of expressway (between Yangjae and Hannam Bridge) to the City of Seoul.
  • 1 July 2008 - Bus lane enforcement between Seoul and Osan (Sintanjin on weekends) becomes daily between 6 AM and 10 PM. On 1 October this is adjusted to 7 AM to 9 PM weekdays, 9 AM to 9 PM weekends.

Compositions[edit]

Speed limit[edit]

  • Cheonan JC ~ Yangjae IC : 110km/h
  • Guseo IC ~ Cheonan JC : 100km/h

List of Facilities[edit]

  • IC: Interchange, JC: Junction, SA: Service Area, TG: Tollgate
No. Name Korean Name Hanja Name La-
nes
Connections Notes Location
Busan 부산 시점 釜山 6 Korea National Route No.7.svg National Route 7()
Jungang-daero
  Geumjeong Busan
1 Guseo IC 구서 나들목 久瑞나들목 Korea Urban Expwy No.11.svg Byeonyeong-ro  
1-1 Yeongnak IC 영락 나들목 永樂나들목    
TG Busan TG 부산 요금소 釜山料金所    
2 Nopo IC 노포 나들목 老圃나들목 Korea National Route No.7.svg National Route 7()  
SA Yangsan SA 양산 휴게소 梁山休憩所   Seoul-bound Only Yangsan Gyeongnam
3 Yangsan JC 양산 분기점 梁山分岐點 Korea Expressway No.551.svg Jungang Expressway Branch  
4 Yangsan IC 양산 나들목 梁山나들목 Korea National Route No.35.svg National Route 35  
5 Tongdosa IC 통도사 나들목 通度寺나들목 Korea National Route No.35.svg National Route 35   Ulju Ulsan
6 W.Ulsan IC
(Samnam)
서.울산 나들목
(삼남)
西蔚山나들목
(三南)
Korea National Route No.35.svg National Route 35  
7 Eonyang JC 언양 분기점 彦陽分岐點 Korea Expressway No.16.svg Ulsan Expressway  
4
SA Eonyang SA 언양 휴게소 彦陽休憩所    
SA Gyeongju SA 경주 휴게소 慶州休憩所   Busan-bound Only Gyeongju Gyeongbuk
9 Gyeongju IC 경주 나들목 慶州나들목 Korea National Route No.7.svg National Route 7
Korea National Route No.35.svg National Route 35
 
SA Geoncheon SA 건천 휴게소 乾川休憩所   No Gas Station on Busan-bound
10 Geoncheon IC 건천 나들목 乾川나들목 Korea National Route No.20.svg National Route 20  
11 Yeongcheon IC 영천 나들목 永川나들목 Korea National Route No.4.svg National Route 4   Yeongcheon
6
SA Pyeongsa SA 평사 휴게소 坪沙休憩所   Busan-bound only Gyeongsan
SA Gyeongsan SA 경산 휴게소 慶山休憩所   Seoul-bound only
12 Gyeongsan IC 경산 나들목 慶山나들목 Local Route 919  
8
13 E.Daegu JC 동대구 분기점 東大邱分岐點 Korea Expressway No.55.svg Jungang Expressway   Dong-gu Daegu
14 Dodong JC 도동 분기점 道洞分岐點 Korea Expressway No.20.svg Iksan-Pohang Expressway  
16 N.Daegu IC 북대구 나들목 北大邱나들목 Korea National Route No.4.svg National Route 4
Korea National Route No.5.svg National Route 5
Korea Urban Expwy No.11.svg Sincheon-daero
Seobyeonnam-ro
  Buk-gu
17 Geumho JC 금호 분기점 琴湖分岐點 Korea Expressway No.55.svg Jungang Expressway
Korea Expressway No.451.svg Jungbu Naeryuk Expressway Branch
 
18 Chilgok Logistics IC 칠곡물류 나들목 漆谷物流나들목 Korea National Route No.4.svg National Route 4   Chilgok Gyeongbuk
19 Waegwan IC 왜관 나들목 倭館나들목 Korea National Route No.4.svg National Route 4
Korea National Route No.79.svg Local Route 79
 
SA Chilgok SA 칠곡 휴게소 漆谷休憩所    
20 S.Gumi IC 남구미 나들목 南龜尾나들목 Korea National Route No.33.svg National Route 33   Gumi
21 Gumi IC 구미 나들목 龜尾나들목 Korea National Route No.33.svg National Route 33  
22 Gimcheon JC 김천 분기점 金泉分岐點 Korea Expressway No.45.svg Jungbu Naeryuk Expressway   Gimcheon
22-1 E.Gimcheon IC 동김천 나들목 東金泉나들목   KEPCO
SA Gimcheon SA 김천 휴게소 金泉休憩所    
23 Gimcheon IC 김천 나들목 金泉나들목 Korea National Route No.4.svg National Route 4  
6
SA Chupungnyeong SA 추풍령 휴게소 秋風嶺休憩所    
24 Chupungnyeong IC 추풍령 나들목 秋風嶺나들목 Korea National Route No.4.svg National Route 4 in Chupungnyeong SA
25 Hwanggan IC 황간 나들목 黃澗나들목 Korea National Route No.4.svg National Route 4   Yeongdong Chungbuk
SA Hwanggan SA 황간 휴게소 黃澗休憩所    
26 Yeongdong IC 영동 나들목 永同나들목 Korea National Route No.4.svg National Route 4  
4
SA Geumgang SA 금강 휴게소 錦江休憩所     Okcheon
27 Geumgang IC 금강 나들목 錦江나들목 Korea National Route No.4.svg National Route 4 in Geumgang SA
SA Okcheon SA 옥천 휴게소 沃川休憩所    
28 Okcheon IC 옥천 나들목 沃川나들목 Korea National Route No.4.svg National Route 4  
6
29 Biryong JC 비룡 분기점 飛龍分岐點 Korea Expressway No.35.svg Tongyeong-Daejeon Expressway
Korea Expressway No.300.svg Daejeon Southern Ring Expressway
  Dong-gu Daejeon
30 Daejeon IC 대전 나들목 大田나들목 Korea National Route No.17.svg National Route 17
Korail
Daejeon Station
  Daedeok-gu
31 Hoedeok JC 회덕 분기점 懷德分岐點 Korea Expressway No.30.svg Dangjin-Yeongdeok Expressway
Korea Expressway No.251.svg Honam Expressway Branch
 
8
SA Sintanjin SA 신탄진 휴게소 新灘津休憩所   Seoul-bound Only
32 Sintanjin IC 신탄진 나들목 新灘津나들목 Korea National Route No.17.svg National Route 17  
SA Jugam SA 죽암 휴게소 竹岩休憩所     Cheongju Chungbuk
33 S.Cheongju IC 남청주 나들목 南淸州 나들목 Korea National Route No.17.svg National Route 17
Cheongnamdae
Daecheong Lake
 
34 Cheongju JC 청주 분기점 淸州分岐點 Korea Expressway No.30.svg Dangjin-Yeongdeok Expressway  
10
35 Nami JC 남이 분기점 南二分岐點 Korea Expressway No.35.svg Jungbu Expressway  
6
36 Cheongju IC 청주 나들목 淸州나들목 Korea National Route No.36.svg National Route 36  
SA Oksan SA 옥산 휴게소 玉山休憩所   Busan-bound Only
SA Cheongju SA 청주 휴게소 淸州休憩所   Seoul-bound Only
SA Cheonan SA 천안 휴게소 天安休憩所   Busan-bound Only Cheonan Chungnam
37 Mokcheon IC 목천 나들목 木川나들목 Korea National Route No.21.svg National Route 21
Independence Hall of Korea
 
38 Cheonan JC 천안 분기점 天安分岐點 Korea Expressway No.25.svg Nonsan-Cheonan Expressway  
8
SA Cheonansamgeori SA 천안삼거리 휴게소 天安三거리休憩所   Seoul-bound Only
39 Cheonan IC 천안 나들목 天安나들목 Korea National Route No.1.svg National Route 1
Local Route 23
Dujeong Station
Cheonan Station
 
SA Manghyang SA 망향 휴게소 望鄕休憩所   Busan-bound Only
39-1 N.Cheonan IC 북천안 나들목 北天安나들목 Korea National Route No.34.svg National Route 34
SA Ipjang SA 입장 휴게소 笠場休憩所   Seoul-bound Only
40 Anseong IC 안성 나들목 安城나들목 Korea National Route No.38.svg National Route 38   Anseong Gyeonggi
SA Anseong SA 안성 휴게소 安城休憩所   Busan-bound Only
41 Anseong JC 안성 분기점 安城分岐點 Korea Expressway No.40.svg Pyeongtaek–Jecheon Expressway  
SA Anseong SA 안성 휴게소 安城休憩所   Seoul-bound Only
42 Osan IC 오산 나들목 五山나들목 Korea National Route No.1.svg National Route 1 Osan
42-1 Dongtan JC 동탄 분기점 東炭分岐點 Korea Expressway No.400.svg Capital Region 2nd Ring Expressway
Korea Expressway No.17.svg Suwon-Munsan Expressway
  Hwaseong
43A Giheung-Dongtan IC 기흥동탄나들목 基興東炭나들목 Korea National Route No.43.svg National Route 43
Samsung Electronics
(Giheung Campus)
  Suwon
43B Giheung IC 기흥나들목 基興나들목 Korea National Route No.43.svg National Route 43 Seoul-bound Only Yongin
SA Giheung SA 기흥 휴게소 基興休憩所   Busan-bound Only
44 Suwon·Singal IC 수원신갈 나들목 水原新葛나들목 Korea National Route No.42.svg National Route 42  
45 Singal JC 신갈 분기점 新葛分岐點 Korea Expressway No.50.svg Yeongdong Expressway  
10
SA Jukjeon SA 죽전 휴게소 竹田休憩所   Seoul-bound Only
TG Seoul TG 서울 요금소 서울 料金所     Seongnam
47 Pangyo IC 판교 나들목 板橋나들목 Local Route 23 Busan-bound Only
48A Pangyo JC 판교 분기점 板橋分岐點 Korea Expressway No.100.svg Seoul Ring Expressway  
48B Daewang-Pangyo IC 대왕판교 나들목 大往板橋나들목 Local Route 23 Busan-bound Only
Small Car Only
SA Seoul Underground Rendezvous SA 서울 만남의 광장 휴게소 서울 만남의 廣場 休憩所   Busan-bound Only Seocho Seoul
49 Yangjae IC 양재 나들목 良才나들목 Korea National Route No.47.svg National Route 47
Yangjae Citizen's Forest Station
 
Seoul 서울 종점 서울 終點 South Korea road sign 301 (old).svg Yangjae-Hannam Motorway  

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]